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09年10月自考英语(一)串讲笔记(unit9)

2009-08-04 18:11  自考365论坛 【 】【我要纠错

  Text A Learned Words and Popular Words

  搭配:

  1. Make up  构成/动词词组

  2. Become familiar with sth./become familiar to sb.  对某人/某事很熟悉/形容词词组

  3. Stock in trade  库存或常用手段/名词词组

  4. Belong to  属于/动词词组

  5. At large  逍遥地;一般地/副词词组

  The criminals at large  逍遥法外的罪犯

  Englishmen at large like to have the afternoon tea.  英国人一般喜欢喝下午茶。

  6. Be known to sb.  为某人所知/动词词组

  7. Acquaintance with sb./sth.  了解某人或某事/名词词组

  8. In…style  以某种方式/介词词组

  9. Describe sb./sth. as  把什么看作是,把某人描绘成/动词词组

  10. In the first case  首先/副词词组

  11. Apply sth. to sth.  把什么应用到什么上去;apply for sth.  申请什么/动词词组

  12. Stock of words  词汇量/名词词组

  13. As to  至于,有关于,就什么而言/介词词组

  14. Be due to  因为/形容词词组

  语言点:

  1. Cultivated language  文雅的语言;limited class  有限的阶级;learned words  书卷词汇

  2. A large number of +可数名词复数,表示大量的

  3. Relative(adj.相关的)=relatively(adv.相关地)

  4. Educate(v.教育)-educated(adj.有修养的);elevate(v.升高)-elevated(adj.高贵的、尊严的)

  5. High(adj. adv.高的-指某物的具体高度如:楼的高度)-highly(adv.高度的评价,属于抽象概念)

  6. Be(适当形式)+of+importance/value/use/help=important/valuable/usable/helpful

  7. The difference between popular and learned words may be easily seen in a few examples.

  8. Must have done sth. 表示对过去的事情进行推测。E.g. We must have passed several years of our lives before learning the word vivacious.在我们学到vivacious这个单词时,我们有可能已经度过了生命中的好几年了。

  9. Popular(adj.流行的)-popularity(n.流行);sound-(adj.)有道理的

  10. Opinions come up  产生观点

  11. Its presence in the English vocabulary is due to books and the cultivation of literature rather than to the actual needs of ordinary conversation.书卷词汇在英语词汇中的存在是因为书籍和文学修养的需要,而不是因为普通对话的需要。

  Text B How Should You Build Up Your Vocabulary?

  搭配:

  1. Come across  偶然遇到,碰到/动词词组

  2. Look up  查找/动词词组

  3. At top speed  快速的/介词词组

  4. Depend on sb./sth.  依赖某人或某事

  5. After all  毕竟/副词词组

  6. Begin with  开始于什么/动词词组

  7. Make sense  有意义/动词词组

  8. Have a preference for sth./doing sth.  偏爱,优先选择/动词词组

  9. Look for  寻找/动词词组

  10. Go through  经历/动词词组

  11. Come up with  想到(如:某个想法/主意)/动词词组

  12. Spark a interest in sth.  激发做某事的某种兴趣/动词词组

  13. Be involved in sth.  参与某事/动词词组

  14. Lead to  导致/动词词组

  15. Develop a habit  养成习惯/动词词组

  16. Provide sb. with sth.  为某人提供某事/动词词组

  17. Sharpen sb.'s awareness of sth.  提高某人的什么意识/动词词组

  语言点: 

  1. A.When students in a college class were asked what should be done when they came across a new word in their reading,84 percent said,“Look it up in the dictionary.”

  B. Suppose someone asks you what the word “fast” means.

  2. Make one's efforts most productive 宾补; 使你的努力变得有成效。

  3. Reading travel books apparently comes “before” other kinds of reading. 动名词做主语

  4. 语法:Only when you go through the mental exercises to come up with a tentative definition should you open the dictionary to see if you're right. 倒装句型

  Only+状语+助动词+主语+动词的适当形式+其他

  e. g. Only in that way could we solve the problem.

  Only when he left did I feel lonely.

  5. Heighten(v.提高、升高)heightened(adj.提高的);increase(v.提高)increased(adj.提高的)

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