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09年10月自考英语(一)串讲笔记(unit11)

2009-08-04 18:23  自考365论坛 【 】【我要纠错

  Text A    The Great American Garage Sale

  搭配:

  1. Do some spring housecleaning  大扫除/动词词组

  2. Sort through  分类,整理/动词词组

  3. Set out  陈列,展示/动词词组

  4. Hold garage sales  在车库买旧货/动词词组

  5. Be considered by sb. as sth.  被某人认为作为什么/动词词组

  6. Sth. is priced at  某物定价在/动词词组

  7. Sb. is fed up with sth./sb.=be turned off  某人厌倦了某人或某物/动词词组

  8. Search for  寻找/动词词组

  9. Spend 时间 doing sth.  花了多少时间做某事/动词词组

  10. Run across  偶然遇到/动词词组

  11. Be of great value=valuable  很有价值的

  12. Separate sth./sb. from sth./sb.  把什么和什么隔开/动词词组

  13. Be bound to do sth.  一定做某事/动词词组

  14. Be faced with  面对/动词词组

  语言点:

  1. Sorting through(分词做状语) their possessions, they came up with(发现) some 1500 old, unwanted items-all sorts of things they wanted to get rid of(摆脱)。

  2. The Ericksons 定冠词the+姓氏名称+s:表示一家人

  3. The Ericksons decided to do what a lot of other Americans are doing these days-have a'garage sale.

  4. Needn't have done sth.  做了一件本不需要做的事

  5. Eager buyers bought all but 50 of the items in one weekend, leaving(现分作结果状语) the family $442 richer.

  6. The variety of (大量的)things put up(过分作后置定语) for(提供以提供) sale is really wonderful.

  7. Rising living costs(生活费用) are considered by almost everyone as a reason both for holding sales and for attending them.

  8. Garage sales have become suburban social events, drawing people of all ages.(划线部分为现在分词作状语,之所以用drawing是因为主语Garage sales 可以发出draw吸引的动作)

  9. Neighbors enjoy meeting new people. Enjoy这个动词后只能用ving动名词来作宾语。

  10. They spend their weekends going from sale to sale, hoping to run across a real treasure(hoping为现在分词作状语,之所以用ving是因为they能发出hope的动词)

  Text B    American Stores

  搭配:

  1. a wide range of sth.  很大的范围

  2. Be urged to do sth.  被催促作某事/动词词组

  3. Sth. is confusing to sb.  什么事情很是令某人迷惑

  4. Choose from  从什么中选取/动词词组

  5. Specialize in  专长于/动词词组

  6. Be likely to do sth.  很可能作某事/形容词词组

  7. Refer to  指的是/动词词组(to 是介词)

  8. A great quantity of sth.(可数名词)  大量的

  9. Be known for sth.  以什么而著名/动词词组

  10. Majority of sth.  大多数的

  语言点:

  1. In the United States you will find yourself being urged(现在分词作宾语补足语) to buy all kinds of goods.

  2. Not only 放在句首,需要倒装:

  Not only is there a wide range of prices for goods in America, there is also a wide range in the quality of goods offered for sale.

  原句:There is not only a wide range of prices for goods in America, there is also a wide range in the quality of goods offered for sale.

  Not only are you my teacher, but also you are my friend.

  原句:You are not only my teacher, but also you are my friend.

  3. Americans generally pay the price of a product without question, instead of trying to get a lower price by bargain.(介词后面需要有动词的ing形式来作介词的宾语)

  4. Lower: 可以是adj.的比较级;也可以是v.表示降低

  5. This may all be confusing to the visitor. (系动词后是现在分词作表语;之所以用ving是因为我们要考虑这件事情“令人迷惑”)

  6. Read the advertisements so that you can compare prices.(so that 是因此的意思,表结果状语从句)

  7. They don't offer the same services to buyers that department stores do.(定语从句中缺宾语可以用that)

  8. Limit(v.限制)-limited(adj.受限的);expensive——inexpensive

  9. Usually run by a small number of salespeople, these shops offer products that range from inexpensive to very expensive, depending on the shop.

  10. One of the most interesting sections to visit is the frozen food section.(过分作定语)

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