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自考“综合英语(二)”下册详解(58)

2007-07-24 14:42   【 】【我要纠错

  39.This code would try to distinguish between commissions paid for real services and padded fees.A council has been proposed to administer the code.此法规要分清何为正当服务所付之佣金而何为超高佣金。有人建议成立一个执行机构。

  1)distinguish between A and B/A from B:show the difference between A and B划分……和……的区别;区分。

  又如:The law distinguishes between manslaughter and murder.

  法律界定过失杀人和蓄意谋杀的区别。

  I think he's old enough to distinguish the right from the wrong.

  他不小了,该能够辨别是非了。

  Heroes and heroines are distinguished from ordinary men and woman by uncommon courage,achievements,and self-sacrifice.

  男女英雄通过不同寻常的勇气、成就与自我牺牲而与常人区分开来。

  此处不定式是定语,修饰,为了避免主语太长,而置于句尾。

  2)be proposed to:建议

  40.The British members,led by Lord Shawcross,would like the system to have enough legal teeth to make companies behave themselves.“It's no use having a dog without teeth,”they argue.—(“Laws without legal effective enforcement are useless,”they argue.)以肖克罗斯勋爵为首的英国会员们认为这个法规应有足够的法律约束力,让各公司规规矩矩地办事,他们认为“养一条没有牙齿的狗毫无用处。”

  1)legal teeth:legal effective force(英,口语)法律约束力。

  behave oneself:检点自己的行为。(一般指个人的行为举止,这里指在经营中不要搞行贿等不正当的活动。)

  2)It's no use having a dog without teeth,Laws without legal effective enforcement are useless,没有法律强制力的法律是没用的

  41.However,the French delegates think it is the businessof governments to make and impose law;the job of a business community like the ICC is to say what is right and wrong,but not to impose anything.——(The French delegates think that an international business organization like the ICC can only give guidelines to companies (it cannot control or reduce bribery by its own efforts)It is up to governments in those countries where bribery is common to stamp out this practice by bringing in laws against corruption and making sure these are enforced.)然而,法国代表认为制定和实施法规是各国政府的职责;像国际商会这样的商业组织的任务则是确定是与非的界限,而不是推行任何法规。

  1)business:sth.that concerns a particular person or organization权利,事务

  You had no business reading my private letters.你无权看我的私人信件。

  Mind you own business.关心你自己的事吧! (不要干预他人的事。)

  It's none of your business.这不关你的事。

  2)impose:to force the acceptance of (usually sth.difficult or unwanted)强加,强适

  Parents often impose their own moral values on their children.

  父母往往让子女接受自己的道德观。

  Very high taxes have recently been imposed on cigarettes.

  最近政府对香烟征收高额赋税。

  42.In a well-known British newspaper,a writer argued recently that“industry is caught in a web of bribery”and that everyone is“on the take ”(链接3)。—(Bribery is widespread and is difficult for a businessman to avoid.)在一家英国著名的报纸上,最近一位撰稿人指出“实业界已经陷入贿赂的网络”,人人都“受贿”。

  1)argue that:(正式)认为;提出理由极力证明。作者用be caught in a web of bribery表明贿赂非常普遍,商人很难避免。

  2)be caught in:be stuck in陷入。a web of sth.:a close-related set of things that can be very complicated一系列(相关、复杂的事物),圈套;网络,又如:(create)a web of companies(创建)一系列的公司(weave)a web of lies(编造)一系列的谎言

  3)on the take:receiving bribes;regularly taking bribes(俚语)索取不正当的钱财,索贿,收贿。

  43.However,today's businessman,selling in overseas markets,will frequently meet situations where it is difficult to square his business with his moral conscience.—(…today's businessman …will often find it hard to settle the conflict between his business interests and his moral principles.)(Often he has to choose between the two,and is compelled either to sacrifice his business interests for his moral principles,or stick to/stand by his moral principles at the cost / expense of his business interest.)然而,今天的商人在海外市场进行销售时,在许多情况下很难做到既维护自己的商业利益又符合自己的道德准则。

  square sth.with sth:to make two ideas,facts,or situations agree or combine well with each other;(口语)(使)……与……一致。

  又如:His deeds don't square with his words.他的言行不一。

  You've got to square your dream with reality if you want to succeed.

  你要是想成功,就必须把你的梦想与现实结合起来。

  We should square our personal interests with those of our country.

  我们应该把个人利益与国家的复兴结合起来。

  分词短语selling in overseas markets 作状语,修饰meet;定语从句where it is……moral conscience修饰situations.

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