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自考“综合英语(二)”下册详解(44)

2007-07-24 08:51   【 】【我要纠错

  7.When the steam engine came,handloom weaving naturally declined蒸汽机的出现,自然使得手工机织业衰退。 卡耐基生于工业革命(18世纪中叶-19世纪中叶)后期,此前英国人瓦特(1736—1819)发明了高效蒸汽机(1769),使得纺织工业的生产率大大提高,从而挤垮了手工纺织业。

  decling:to becomesmaller,weaker or fewer下降,削弱,衰退,谢绝

  eg:Her influence declinde greatly after she lost the election.

  落选后她的影响力大大削弱了。

  eg:He declined my invitation politely.

  他谢绝了我的邀请。

  eg:a declinging birth-rate

  日趋下降的出生率

  eg:declining sales

  逐渐减少的销售额

  his declinging years (i.e.those towards the end of his life)暮年

  decline也可作名词用:

  eg:a decline in population/prices/popularity.人口、价格/受欢迎的程度下降

  eg:Manufacturing output is in decline.产量在下降。

  eg:The stock market is on the decline.

  股市下跌

  eg:The industry fell/went into a decline soon after the war.

  战后这个行业逐步衰退。

  eg:The number of robberies in the area is on the decline.

  这个地区抢劫案的数目在下降。

  8.I resolved then that the wolf of poverty should be driven from our door some day.I made up my mind then that some day we would have enough money to buy food and other necessities.我当时下定决心总有一天我们要解决温饱问题。(也可直译为:……总有一天我们要把穷困这只恶狼从家门口轰走。)

  resolve (on/upon/against sth.):to decide firmly决心

  eg:I resolve never to give up.

  我决心永不放弃。

  eg:He resolved on/against (making)an early start.

  他坚决主张/反对早出发。

  eg:She resolved that she would never see him again.

  她决定再不见他了。

  此句由习语keep the wolf from the door:to have enough money to avoid hunger and need(免于穷困或挨饿)演变而来,

  eg:In those days,no matter how hard the family worked,they could hardly keep the wolf from the door.

  在那个年代,无论全家人怎么拼命干,还是难以糊口。

  9.The question of starting for the United States was discussed from day to day in the family council.—— Every day my family discussed whether we should move to the United States.

  from day to day/day by day:happening every day

  eg:Things change from day to day.

  事物每天都在变化。

  10.I well remember that both father and mother thought the decision was a great sacrifice for them,nut that “it would be better for the two boys”。我记得很清楚父亲和母亲都觉得这个决定对他们来说是很大的牺牲,但是“对两个孩子来说更为有利”。

  Well:completely

  eg:He well forgot about the afternoon meeting.

  他完全忘记了下午的会议。

  11 ……and that was how I began my preparation for subsequent apprenticeship as a businessman.— ……working in the cotton factory as a “bobbin-boy”started me off learninghow to do business.就这样我开始了为后来实业家见习期的前期准备工作。 that is / was how / why / what,etc.:这就是……怎样/为什么/什么等……的。 That's why I'd left my mum and dad in the North,and came to London.这就是我告别留在北方的爸爸妈妈而只身来到伦敦的原因。

  subsequent:later;following后来的

  12.I cannot tell you how proud I was when I received my first week's earnings—one dollar and twenty cents.我简直不知道怎么形容我拿到第一个星期挣的1美元20美分时的自豪劲儿。

  I cannot/ can't tell you how / what,etc.:用来表示无法表达的感情

  eg:I just can't tell you how I felt when I heard the news.

  我简直无法形容我听到这消息时的感受。

  eg:I can't tell you what a despicable man he was.

  我无法形容那人是多么卑鄙。

  13.It was given to me because I had been of some use to the world.And I became a contributing member of my family!这钱给了我是因为我对社会有了点用处;还有,我已经能为家里作出点贡献了。(说明作者自豪的原因。)

  be of use:be useful

  be of + n = adj

  eg:The meeting is of great importance.

  这个会议非常重要。

  eg:The painting is of great value.

  这幅画很贵重。

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