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自考“综合英语(二)”下册详解(47)

2007-07-24 09:28   【 】【我要纠错

  27.You know how peoplegrumble aboutpoverty as a great evil,and it seems to be accepted that if people had only plenty ofmoney and were rich,they would be happy and more useful,and get more out oflife.— Many people consider poverty as something bad and complain about it.People seem to believe that money could make them happy and more useful and able to enjoy life more.大家都知道人们总是把贫困说成是一大罪恶,好像觉得谁要是许多钱,谁要是富有,谁就会更幸福、更有作为,谁就能享受更多的生活乐趣。注意第二个并列句的结构:it是形式上的主语,代表主语从句。that if people……get more out of life.only修饰had plenty of money and rich.

  grumble about:to keep complaining about

  eg:They have been grumbling about their teacher for giving them so much homework.

  他们老是抱怨老师给他们留的作业太多。

  plenty of许多

  get sth.out of sth.:从……中得到(乐趣、满足等)

  eg:She got a lot out of reading.

  读书使她学到不少东西。

  eg:I don't understand what you've got out of this trash.

  我真不从那些乱七八糟的作品中能得到什么。

  eg:He seems to have got a lot out of the course.

  他好像从那门课学到不少东西。

  注意对卡耐基的这句话我们要以进行分析。我们一方面不认为有钱就幸福,但贫困不是件好事。

  28.As a rule,there is more genuine satisfaction from life in the humble cottages of the poor than in the palaces of the rich.—Generally speaking,the poor are genuinely happier than the rich.一般说来,穷人简陋小屋里的生活比富人豪华宅邸里的生活更温馨。

  as a rule:通常

  eg:As a rule,there is much more rainfall in the south than in the north.

  通常南方的降雨量比北方大许多。

  eg:As a rule,children wear new clothes during the Spring Festivals.

  通常孩子们在过春节要穿新衣服。

  eg:As a rule,northerners are taller than southerners.

  一般说来,北方人要比南方人高大。

  eg:As a rule,the new academic year begins on September 1.

  新学年通常9月1日开始。

  29.I always pity the sons and daughters of rich men,who are attended by servants,and have a governesseven at a later age.—— They do not know what they have missed.I always feel sorry for children of the rich who have servants to look after them,and have a governess even when they are teenagers.They do not realize that they have missed what children need most-their parents' loving care.我总是可怜那些有仆人伺候、很大了还有家庭教师的富人子女。

  governess指住在主人家而负责照看主人幼小子女并教他们一些基本知识的女子。

  30.For the poor boy who hasin his fatherhis constant companion,tutor,and model,and in his mother his nurse,teacher,guardian angel,saint,all in one,has a richer,more precious fortune in life than any rich man's son,and compared with which all other fortunes count for little.因为对于穷人的孩子来说,父亲无时无刻都是他的伙伴、导师和榜样,母亲则集护士、老师、保护神、他所信奉的圣人于一身;这样,比起富人的孩子,他拥有生活中一笔更大、更宝贵的财富;与这一财富之相比,其他任何财富就是微不足道的了。这个长句有51个词,结构比较复杂。全句由连接词for引出,解释上句。句子的主语和宾语各跟一定语从句。在修饰主语the poor boy的定语从句who has……all in one中,动词has有两长串宾语,动词与宾语之间插入了两个介词短语in his father和in his mother.全句的谓语动词是has,其宾语是a richer,more precious fortune in life than any rich man's son.在修饰它的定语从句compared with which all other fortunes count for little中,主语是all other fortunes,谓语是count for little,分词短语compared with which作状语,关系代词which代表a rich,more precious fortune.

  in sb.:用来表示某人的特征

  eg:We've all found a good friend in Xiao Liu.

  我们都觉得小刘对人很友好。

  eg:We have a good center forward in Xiao Wang.

  小王是我们很棒的中锋。

  all in one:多位一体,联合体,合为一体

  eg:To me,he is brother,friend and guardian all in one.

  对我来说,他集兄长、朋友和监护人于一身。

  eg:In those days,that cave dwelling served as a study,a clinic and conference room all in one.

  在那个年代,这个窑洞既当书房,又当医务室,又当会议室。

  compared with

  eg:Compared with Shanghai,Beijing has a larger size of landarea but a less population.

  与上海相比,北京土地面积稍大,而人口较少。

  count for much / little:of much / little value or importance重要/不重要

  eg:Empty promises count for little.

  空洞的承诺一文不值。

  eg:Do diplomas count for anything on the job market?

  文凭对找工作重要吗?

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