1.If you were asked to list………，you would……… 虚拟语气，表示与当前情况的假设。
If I had enough money，I would buy that car.
2.If next you were……，who somehow seem bigger than life，you might come up with an entire different list.
Bigger/larger than life：超群的；夸大的
His sadness was bigger than life.他伤心极了。
come up with：bring forward with提出；想出
Some new issues were come up at the meeting.在这个会上提出了一些新问题
3.You might，in fact，name people who are celebrated for their wealth and glamour，rather than their achievements…。
be celebrated for：因——而受到颂扬、赞美
Most doctors and nurses were celebrated for their bravery in the battle against SARS.大多数医务人员由于在抗击“非典”战役中的勇敢表现而受到了人们的赞扬。
rather than：instead of 不是——（而是）
He was criticized by the teacher for his absence from class rather than his failure in the exam.他因缺课而受到了老师的批评，而不是因为他这次考试的失败。
4.And you would not be alone，because pollsters have found that people today do not choose political leaders who shape history for their “Most Admired”……
be not alone in thinking/believing：others agree with you在——方面别人也有同感
We're not alone in believing that Xiao Jiang is the best person for the job.
Dr.Applebaum is not alone in thinking that television gives children a false sense of reality.
The French are not alone in finding American movies breaking into their film market.
Professors are disappointed about what has happened in the presidential election，and they are not alone in that.
shape：form or take shape，give signs of future development
Our plan is shaping well.我们的计划进展顺利。
Shape history（the course or events） 决定历史的进程（事件的发展）Great men can shape history but they can't make history.伟人可以决定历史的进程，但他们不能创造历史。
5.By definition，heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage achievements，and self-sacrifice made most often for the benefit of others…
…heroes and heroines are people who are different from other people because of their unusual courage，achievements and the sacrifices they make in the interests of others.
by definition：by defining通过定义，界定
By definition，heroes are those who are distinguished by their accomplishment.根据定义，英雄以其所取得的成就而出名。
be distinguished （ from ）…by：to be noticeably different from or better than others of the same type because of an unusual quality以——而著称；有别于；不同于
Xiao Yang is distinguished from other young men by his unusual maturity.
The little girl is distinguished from other four-year-olds by her excellent memory.
The zebra is distinguished from the horse by the lines on its body.
Chinese people are distinguished by their diligence and courage.中国人民以勤劳勇敢而著称。
Cf.distinguish between…/ sth.from sth.eles：to notice or understand the difference between…/ to tell one thing from another.区别
Colour-blind people find it hard to distinguish between red and green. 色盲的人很难分清红、绿两色。
City people often can't distinguish young wheat from weeds. 城里人往往分不清麦苗和野草。
The twin sisters are so much alike that sometimes even their father can't distinguish one from the other.
distinguished guests 贵宾
for the benefit of：for one's benefit：for the profit of：为——，为——的利益
The money is to be used for the benefit of the poor in the rural area.这笔钱要用来帮助农村地区的穷人。
for the benefit of the people/country为了人民/国家利益
6.… they are people against whom we measure others.
…they've become a sort of standard；we judge others by what they do and what they are.他们是我们评价别人的标准。
measure sth.against …：to judge the value of sb./sth.using sth.else as a standard；to compare sth. with a certain standard：对照——来评价——
Our production costs are high，when they are measured against the world's advanced level.
Your performance is poor when measured against the success of the other sales personnel.
7.Yet，some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by，where the very ideal of heroism is something beyond us ——an artifact of the past.
Yet，some people say that we are living in a new age.In this age heroes and heroines are rare，and heroism is only something people admire but do not practice.Heroic and noble conduct is a thing of the past.可是，有人说，我们的时代是很难出现真正英雄的时代，英雄主义这一概念本身我们就难以理解——它已经成为历史。
come by 找到，遇到
How did you come by this second-hand book？你是怎样找到这本旧书的。
heroism is something beyond us：we have no idea what heroism is我们不知道英雄行为是何物
an artifact of the past历史文物，这个短语是对：heroism的补充说明。
Be beyond sb.：为某人所不能理解；对某人来说太难
beyond one's means难以承受