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自考“综合英语(二)”下册详解(29)

2007-07-23 14:52   【 】【我要纠错

  L6 Culture Shock

  1.Culture shock might be called an occupational disease of people who have been suddenly transplanted abroad.Like most diseases,it has its own symptoms

  culture shock:文化震荡

  eg:John found life in China a bit of a culture shock at first.

  约翰刚来时感到不太能适应中国的生活。

  eg:It was too late,he had to stay overnight at the station.

  2.In recovery,you learn the systems,procedures,language,or nonverbal behaviors of the new environment so that you can cope with it

  cope with:deal with处理

  3.Those signs or cues include the thousand and one ways with which we are familiar in the situation of daily life:

  the/a thousand and one许许多多

  eg:Please don't interrupt.I have got a thousand and one things to do this morning.

  请不要打搅,我今早有一大堆事要做。

  4.All of us depend for our peace of mind and our efficiency on hundreds of these cues,often without our conscious awareness

  depend on sb./sth.(for sth.):依靠,依赖……而获得

  eg:The country depends on its oil-rich neighbours for its oil supply.

  这个国家依靠其石油丰富的邻国供应石油。

  eg:The man cannot read and write,and he depends on TV and radio for news.

  这人不识字,他靠电视机和收音机获取新闻。

  5.No matter how broad-minded a series of props have been knocked from under you,followed by a feeling of frustration and anxiety.

  No matter how broad-minded:No matter how不管怎样,broad-minded开通的6.People react to too many privileges——for example,when parents send a child to an expensive summer camp that parents can't really affo

  react (to)起反应

  eg:The eye reacts to strong light.眼睛对强光有反应。

  eg:The teacher's encouragement reacted on him.老师的鼓励对他起了作用

  7 First they reject the environment which causes the discomfort.

  reject:to refuse to accept拒绝

  eg:She refused to come with us. 她拒绝同我们一起来。

  8.When foreigners in a strange land get together to grumble about the host country and its people,you can be sure they are suffering from culture shock.

  grumble (to sb.) about/at/over sb./sth.:complain (to sb.) about sb./sth.in a bad-tempered way 发牢骚,抱怨

  eg:A lot of students grumble about heavy reading assignments. 许多学生发牢骚说阅读量太大。

  eg:The people in that country are always grumbling about the dry weather.那个国家的人们一直干旱的天气。9.Another symptom of culture shock is regression their children's unreasonable demands

  regression:倒退,退缩

  eg:At first she seemed to have given up smoking,but when she heard that her husband had lost all the money they had in gambling,she regressed.

  起初,她好像已经戒了烟,可自从听说她的丈夫在一次赌博中把所有的钱输光之后,她又抽上了。

  10.Such parents vacillate between saying no and giving in——but neither response seems satisfactory to them

  vacillate between:(正式)犹疑

  eg:She vacillated between her two admirers.

  在两个追求者之间,她举棋不定。

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