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2006-12-12 11:29   【 】【我要纠错

  1. Culture shock might be called an occupational disease of people who have been suddenly transplanted abroad. Like most diseases, it has its own symptoms

  culture shock:文化震荡

  eg: John found life in China a bit of a culture shock at first.


  eg:It was too late, he had to stay overnight at the station.

  2. In recovery, you learn the systems, procedures, language, or nonverbal behaviors of the new environment so that you can cope with it

  cope with: deal with处理

  3. Those signs or cues include the thousand and one ways with which we are familiar in the situation of daily life:

  the/a thousand and one许许多多

  eg: Please don't interrupt. I have got a thousand and one things to do this morning.


  4. All of us depend for our peace of mind and our efficiency on hundreds of these cues, often without our conscious awareness

  depend on sb./sth. (for sth.):依靠,依赖……而获得

  eg:The country depends on its oil-rich neighbours for its oil supply.


  eg: The man cannot read and write, and he depends on TV and radio for news.


  5. No matter how broad-minded a series of props have been knocked from under you, followed by a feeling of frustration and anxiety.

  No matter how broad-minded:No matter how不管怎样,broad-minded开通的6. People react to too many privileges——for example, when parents send a child to an expensive summer camp that parents can't really affo

  react (to)起反应

  eg:The eye reacts to strong light.眼睛对强光有反应。

  eg:The teacher's encouragement reacted on him.老师的鼓励对他起了作用

  7 First they reject the environment which causes the discomfort.

  reject: to refuse to accept拒绝

  eg: She refused to come with us.    她拒绝同我们一起来。

  8. When foreigners in a strange land get together to grumble about the host country and its people, you can be sure they are suffering from culture shock.

  grumble (to sb.) about/at/over sb./sth.: complain (to sb.) about sb./sth. in a bad-tempered way 发牢骚, 抱怨

  eg: A lot of students grumble about heavy reading assignments.     许多学生发牢骚说阅读量太大。

  eg: The people in that country are always grumbling about the dry weather. 那个国家的人们一直干旱的天气。9. Another symptom of culture shock is regression their children's unreasonable demands


  eg:At first she seemed to have given up smoking, but when she heard that her husband had lost all the money they had in gambling, she regressed.


  10. Such parents vacillate between saying no and giving in——but neither response seems satisfactory to them

  vacillate between:(正式)犹疑

  eg:She vacillated between her two admirers.


  11 The home environment suddenly takes on a tremendous importance

  Now that it is remodeled, the house has taken on a new look.:


  12. fear of physical contact withattendants; the absent-minded stare;

  be in (make) contact with与……取得联系,联络,交往,接触

  eg:He tried to make contract with me when he was in Beijing, but failed.


  13. Although not common there are individuals who cannot live in foreign countries.

  common普遍的, 共同的, 平常的

  14.You may notice several superficial differences such as music, food, and clothing, and the fresh appeal of the new experience keeps you feeling interested and positive.

  appeal: attraction, interest吸引,呼吁, 上诉

  eg: The government appealed to the whole society to pay attention to the environment.


  positive: showing confidence and optimism积极的,肯定的,正面的

  eg:positive attitude/feeling/response

  15 If you are a real tourist, you probably do not stay long enough for this phase to wear off but go on to the next new location or experience

  wear off: diminish, get less逐渐消失

  eg: The child's interest in the game soon wore off.  那孩子对这个游戏的兴趣很快就消失了。

  16 …… the crisis stage-in which the shine wears off and day-to-day realities sink in .

  sink in 被理会,被理解

  Colin paused, letting the meaning of words sink in.


  17 in a new country, you find barriers to establishing connections or to learning the language beyond a few polite phrases.

  barriers to (doing sth.):做某事的障碍

  eg:He has some barriers in speaking.他在语言上有些障碍。

  beyond: more than; part from

  eg:I didn't know anything about her beyond her nationality.


  18. However, if you stick with the experience

  stick with sth.:继续做,继续支持

  eg: Stick with it and you'll win in the end.     坚持到最后就会胜利。

  19. on the basis of some mastery, competence, and comfort.

  on the basis of: 基于(某一事实或情况),由于有问题:

  eg:He's recently been made public relations manager on the basis of his performance


  20 using some phrases that are unique to English people.

  unique to: only 唯一的,独特的

  eg: His interpretation of the screenplay is unique.他对剧本的解释很独特。

  21. Finally, the fourth, or adjustment phase occurs when you fell that you function well and almost automatically in the new culture.

  function:The computer is not functioning properly.这台电脑不能正常运行。

  22. If you stay long enough on a visit from a big city to a small town or, the other way round……

  the other way round: vice versa 反过来也一样,反之亦然

  23. so that they never get very far away from the honeymoon stage of culture shock. It is very pleasant to travel and to try out and explore whatever is new.

  so that引导结果状语从句

  try out sth. (on sb.):试验:偶尔偏离你的正确做法。

  eg: They tried out the new medicine on dogs.

  24. They only begin arguing and pestering when they detect uncertainty or guilt, and sense that their parents can be pushed to give them what they want, if they just keep at it.

  push sb. to do /into doing sth.催促,鼓励或逼迫某人做

  eg: The boy is a diligent student. His parents never have to push him to do his homework.


  25 when to shake hands and what to say when we meet people.

  1) shake hands (with):与某人握手

  I shook hands in turn with the people who came to the station to meet me. 我和到车站接我的人一一握手。

  26. when and how to give tips how to go shopping, when to accept and when to refuse invitations, what their parents sincerely believe is right.

  2) give tips给小费,提建议

  eg:Do we have to give tips to the waiter after dinner? 我们吃完饭用给服务生小费吗?

  accept and when to refuse invitations,接受/拒绝邀请

  27 our culture as the language we speak or the beliefs we accept

  we speak 和we accept定语从句修饰the language 和 the beliefs.

  28. Finally, the fourth, or adjustment phase occurs when you fell that you without our conscious awareness

  without our conscious awareness在我们自己没有意识到的情况下。

  29…… a series of props have been knocked from under you, followed by a feeling of frustration and anxiety.

  a series of一系列

  30. they are suffering from culture shock

  He walked in on tiptoe for fear of waking the baby.

  31. fear of physical contact with attendants; the absent-minded stare

  (for)fear of

  He walked in on tiptoe for fear of waking the baby.

  32 Kalvero Oberg describes four stages that people go through when they experience situations that are very different from those which they are accustomed

  be/get/become accustomed to sth.: be/get/become familiar with sth.

  Soon we all got accustomed to Prof. Wang's way of teaching.



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