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自考综合英语(二)下册详解第十二课上

2006-12-12 11:51   【 】【我要纠错

  1. My Berlin diary for December was limited tofour words.我12月2日 柏林日记只有四个词。

  be limited to:仅限于,限制在……范围之内,又如:

  eg:His stay in the city is limited to 4 days a month. 他每个月在这座城市只可停留4天。

  eg:Their reading is limited to computer science and telecommunications.

  他们阅读的范围仅限于计算机科学与(远距离)电讯。

  2. The Foreign Office still holding up my passport and exit visa which worries meDid my last broadcast from Berlin tonight.外交部仍然压着我的护照和出境签证,真叫人担心。今晚在柏林进行了最后 一次广播。 注意日记体的特点。写日记的目的一般是记录下对自己来说比较重要的事件,只要自己能看明白就 行,所以往往用省略句。第一句省略了谓语动词一部分is,第二句主语I省略。日记中的I经常省略,又如第四段 中的Got my passport and official permission to leave tomorrow.有时主语和动词全省略,如 (I had) Nothing to do but pack.

  hold up:使延误,阻止,

  eg: The storm held up our flight for 40 minutes. 那场暴风雨使我们的航班延误了40分钟。

  eg:They had been held up on the road by an accident so they were late.

  他们在路上因一起车祸而耽误了时间,因此迟到了。

  eg: I do hope my application for leave won't be held up too long.

  希望我请假的申请尽早批下来。

  which worries me是定语从句,关系代词 which代表整个主句的意思

  eg: He said he was busy, which was true. 他说他很忙,这倒是真的。

  eg: James Watt watched a steaming kettle for quite a while, which rather annoyedhis aunt.

  詹姆斯?瓦特楞着看那冒气的水壶看了好长一段时间,这使他的姑妈很恼火。

  2. “……Nothing to do now but pack.”—— ……The only thing that remains to be done is packing. 省略,   (I had) Nothing to do but pack.

  Nothing (to do) but 除了…什么也不能做,只能

  eg: He could do nothing but wait. 他只能等。

  eg: he boy did nothing at home but watch TV. 这孩子在家里除了看电视什么也不做

  pack (up): to put things into cases, boxes, etc. for taking somewhere or for storing.装,打行李,准备行装

  eg: I forgot to pack my toothpaste. 我忘把牙膏装在行李里。

  eg: We're off to Greece tomorrow and I haven’t even started packing yet.

  明天我们就要去希腊了,可是现在我还没有开始收拾东西呢。 Unpack打开(包裹,行李,箱子)

  4. For weeks I had thought over how to get my diaries safely out ofBerlin.几个星期以来我一直在考虑如何安全地把我的日记弄出柏林。

  had thought 过去完成时,表示一直在考虑

  think sth. over/ think over what, when, how, etc.: consider sth. carefully before reaching a decision

  (决定之前)仔细考虑,

  eg: I hope you'll think the matter over. It’s a big decision to take. 希望你仔细考虑这件事,这可是个重大的决定。

  eg: He lay in bed, thinking over what to do next.     他躺在床上琢磨下一步该怎么办。

  eg: Whatever you do, you must think it over before doing it.     不管你做什么,都要三思而后行。

  get(sth./ sb.)out of: move (sth./ sb.)out of把……弄出来

  eg:  The fire brigade managed to get all the children out of the burning building.

  消防队员们把所有的孩子从那栋正被熊熊大火吞没的楼房救了出来。

  eg: We must get these rare animals out of the place before the flood.

  我们必须赶在洪水到来之前把那些珍稀动物撤走。

  eg: The door wouldn't open, and five people couldn’t get out of the lift.门打不开了,有五个人在电梯里出不来。

  eg:  The driver could not be got out of the car because of the damaged door.

  由于车门受损,无法把驾驶员从车里弄出来。

  5.There was enough in them to get me hanged ——if Gestapo ever discovered them.—— They would kill me for what I had written about Nazi Germany in my diaries. 是盖世太保发现了我的日记,那里面有足以把我送上绞刑架的内容。

  Gestapo: the secret police force used by the state in Germany during the Nazi period.    the Gestapo:臭名昭著的纳粹德国时期的秘密警察,希特勒镇压、残害进步人士及犹太人的工具,罪恶昭彰。

  Get sth. done= have sth. done, to get me hanged,修饰enough.绞刑是纳粹德国时期实施死刑的重要方式。

  eg: We must get everything arranged before the meeting.     我们要在会议前把一切安排好。

  eg:  Hang, hung, hung 挂,      hang, hanged, hanged 上吊,绞刑

  6. The morning I got my passport and exit visa I realized I had less than twenty-four hours to figure out a way of getting   my Berlin diaries out.

  我拿到护照和出境签证的那天上午,我就意识到我只剩下不到24小时,在这么短的时间必须想出办法,把我的柏林日记带出德国。

  figure out: to think about a problem or solution until you find the answer or understand what has happened  想出办法,计算出

  eg: Can you figure out how to start this machine?    你能想出如何启动这台机器的办法吗?

  eg: It took me hours to figure those algebra problems out. 我花了几个小时才解出那些代数题来。

  7.Suddenly, later that morning, the solution became clear. I suddenly thought of a way to solve the problem later that morning. / I suddenly figured out a way to solve the problem later that morning.那天上午晚些时候,办法突然明朗了。

  Solution:the way to solve a problem解决办法

  8.It was risky, but life in the Third Reich had always been risky. It was worth a try.—— It was very dangerous, but life in Nazi Germany was full of risks. It was worth trying.这个办法要冒很大的风险, risky冒风险的 risk (doing) 冒风险

  eg: He risked getting arrested gathering the materials.     他冒着被捕的风险收集这些材料。

  be worth (doing) sth值得

  eg: The story is worth reading. 这个故事值得一读。

  eg: The film is worth seeing. 这部电影值得一看。

  9.I laid outthe diaries in two big steel suitcases I had bought.

  lay sth. out: spread sth. out把……摊开/放下

  eg:Lay out the map on the desk and let's find the location of the town.

  把地图在书桌上摊开,咱们找找那座小镇的方位。

  eg: He laid out the knives and forks on the table.      他把刀叉摆放在餐桌上。

  10.Over them I placed a number of my broadcast scripts, each page of which had been stamped by the military and civilian censors as passed for broadcast. 在日记的上面我放了一些广播稿,这些广播稿的每一页都盖有军方和文职新闻检查官的印章以示予以通过,可以广播。

  which had been……是定语从句,修饰a number of my broadcast scripts.

  as passed for broadcast 作主语 each of which的补足语。

  在相应的主动语态的句子里则作宾语的补足语。请比较下列例句:

  eg: The censors stamped the scripts as passed for broadcast.    检查官在稿子上盖了章批准广播。

  eg: The president signed his application for retirement as approved. 校长在他的申请书上签了批准他退休。

  eg: His application for retirement was signed by the president as approved.他的退休申请书校长签字予以批准。

  as 后面可跟名词、形容词、分词等。

  11.On top I put a few General Staff maps I had picked up from friends.   在最上面我放了几张多从朋友那里搞到的总参谋部使用的地图。

  pick up:得到,弄到;买到,

  eg: ——Where did you pick up that nice little mobile phone of yours?  你从哪里买到你那个漂亮的小手机?

  eg: ——It goes with my job.    我工作单位发的。

  eg:Mr. Jones picked up a few valuable stamps in that small shop.琼斯先生在那个小店里买到几张很有价值的邮票。

  eg: Cf. pick sb. up     接某人,让某人搭车

  eg: So we were in our twenty-first night adrift-the night in which the tramp Croton finally picked us up.

  原来我们已经进入了第二十一夜的海上漂流,也就是后来“克洛顿”货船把我们从海上救起的那天夜里。

  12.there would be no time for Gestapo officials at the airfield to go over the contents.   机场的盖世太保不会有时间检查箱子里装的东西。

  go over: 检查, 复习

  eg: You must go over your paper carefully before handing in it.      在交试卷前要认真检查一下。

  13.I had a couple of suitcases full of my dispatches……

  full of充满……,满…   The room is full of smoke.

  dispatch: a report sent to a newspaper from one of its writers who is in anothertown or country,

  n. 报道,急件,快信 v. 派遣,派出

  eg:This is a dispatch from our West African correspondent.   这是我们西非的记者发来的报道。

  eg:The UN dispatched a peace-keeping force to the African country.联合国向这个非洲国家派遣了一支维和部队。

  14.Could they take a look now, if I brought them over; and they approved, put a Gestapo seal on the suitcase so I wouldn be held upat the airport?我要是现在拿过去他们能否检查一下?如果他们觉得没 有问题,能否在箱子上打上盖世太保的印章,以免我在机场耽搁?(这是两个特殊的间接疑问句,用的是疑问句 的语序,但没有引号。这种叙事方法简练、生动,在文学作品中常见。)they approved前省略了if, put前省略了Could they,so引出目的状语

  hold up:使延误,阻止

  15.Wasn't I tempting fate: how could these hard-nosed Nazi detectives help but smell out the diaries beneath my broadcasts?—— I was doing something very dangerous. Perhaps those very strict Nazi detectives would sense something and dig/inspect deeper. Then they would definitely find my diaries beneath the broadcasts. 我这不是在拿性命开玩笑吗?(作者打完电话又开始犹疑起来。)那些精明的纳粹侦探怎么可能不嗅出广播稿下 面的日记呢?(他们只要往下一翻,还能看不到我的日记吗?)

  tempt fate/ providence: take a risk冒险,玩命

  eg: The bike brakes don't work. If you ride downhill, you’ll be tempting fate.

  这辆自行车的闸不灵了。你要是骑它走下坡,那你就是玩儿命。

  hard-nosed精明而讲究实际的,(犬等)嗅觉不灵的,顽固的,丑陋的

  (1) can't help but do sth.:不可避免会做……;忍不住做……

  eg: He can't help but reject the offer if there are strings attached.   如果有附带条件,他不可能不回绝。

  eg:We couldn't help but laugh when we heard his story.    听了他的故事,我们忍不住大笑起来。

  (2) smell sth./ sb. out:嗅出,(口语)探出,

  eg:The dog smelt out drugs in the suitcase.      那狗闻出了箱子里的毒品。

  eg:The legendary detective is said to be able to smell out murderers. 据说那个传奇式的侦探能嗅出杀人犯。

  16. Maybe I had just better begin to flush them down the toilet. Maybe I had better tear them to pieces and throw them into the toilet and flush them down.   或许我最好还是现在就动手,把日记扔进马桶冲掉。

  flush sth. down the toilet:用抽水马桶冲掉

  eg : Mary accidentally flushed her ring down the toilet.   玛丽不小心把她的戒指掉到抽水马桶里给冲走了。

  17. On the other hand ……I calculatedthat the secret police would seize the General Staff maps.   我估计秘密警察会没收那些军用地图。

  19. The they would look at the layers of my broadcast scripts and I would point tothe censors' stamps of approvalon each page.   他们会检查那一摞摞的广播稿,那我就会指着每一页上检查官所盖的批准的印章。

  point to指向,指着

  eg: He pointed to the box and asked, “whose it is?”      他指着这个箱子问,这是谁的?

  approval, n. approve, v. 指着,同意

  eg:Some contracts need not only be signed by the two sides but also be approvedby some leaders in charge.

  有些合同不仅需要双方的签字,而且还需要有些主管领导的批准。

  20.That would be this make a Gestapo official sit up and take notice The censors' stamps of approval would immediately

  make sb. sit up (and take notice):(口语) 使……吃惊,使……吓一跳;使警觉,引起……的注意

  eg:The strange noise made all of us sit up and take notice.    那奇怪的声音使我们都警觉起来。

  eg:  A few strange personal ads in the paper made Bob Sugg sit up and take notice, and he helped smell out a series of burglaries.报纸上几则蹊跷的个人启事引起了鲍勃?萨格的注意,他协助(警方)查出了一系列入室盗窃案。

  21. It would give me prestige in his eyes, or at least make me less suspectforeigner though I was.—— This would make me look important in his eyes, or at least reduce his suspicion even though I was a foreign journalist. 尽管我是外国人这也会让他对我刮目相看, 至少也能减少他对我的猜疑。

  it指上句所提的内容(他们对那些印章注目)

  prestige: the respect and importance a person, organization, or profession has, because of their high     position in society, or the quality of their work威信,威望,声誉

  eg: He is a man of high international prestige.他是一个有着很高国际威望的人。

  suspect adj.:信不过的;可疑的。the suspected:嫌疑犯

  foreigner though I was: though I was a foreigner,是正式的用法。

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