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2006-12-12 11:01   【 】【我要纠错

    SECTION 1 VOCABULARY (30 points)

    I.Directions:Match the words in Column A with their definitions in Column B by blackening the letter of the answer you choose on your ANSWER SHEET.(10 points,1 point for each)

    1.dam  A.the act of selling sth.

    2.accelerate B.help in bringing about

    3.benefit C.a wall or bank built to keep back water

    4.sale D.fixed limit of time for finishing a piece of work

    5.available E.resist:hold out against

    6.contribute F.(cause to)move faster

    7.withstand G.do good to

    8.transportation H.dying out;no longer existing

    9.deadline I.carrying goods or persons from one place to another

    10.extinction J.capable of being got,obtained,used,etc.

    Ⅱ.Directions:Read each of the following sentences carefully,and choose A,B,C or D that has the closest meaning to the underlined word or phrase by blackening the letter of the answer on your ANSWER SHEET.(10 points,1 point for each)

    11.There are many other exchange expressions,but those who are not well versed in exchange terminology would do well.





    12.Ever since the first farmers arrived in the Midwest almost 200 years ago,cultivation and, consequently,erosion have been depleting the supply of topsoil.

    A.lessening greatly




    13.Pictures are not just scientifically significant but breathtakingly beautiful as well.


    B.confusing in mind



    14.They are usually more gentle and sympathetic,and people are less likely to tell them to jump in the lake

    A.go away

    B.commit suicide

    C.go swimming

    D.go to hell

    15.We can easily get the feeling that we are part of a giant give-and-take plan.

    A.well elaborate

    B.equally changing


    D.well balanced

    16.Growth of trade will depend greatly on availability on energy resources.

    A.constant supply

    B.considerable amount



    17.Regardless of their direction or form,computer developments and uses of the future will depend on the cleverness and skill of men.

    A.without respect for

    B.without what happens to

    C.without worrying about

    D.without being trouble by

    18.Business and government take their cues from consumers,adjusting plans to meet their wants and needs.

    A.ask for advice

    B.listen to their advice

    C.ask for permission

    D.get their indirect suggestion

    19.In one factual incident involving data storage,the complete set of 6.000 patient records of a medical practice was‘wiped off’ by a combination of system/operator error and poor security.

    A.erased completely

    B.damaged completely

    C.filled completely

    D.put in order

    20.I worked summers as a common construction laborer in New York City for $85 a week,$83 after deductions for income tax and social security.

    A.amounts added

    B.amounts taken away



    Ⅲ.Directions:Scan through Passage 1 and find the words which have roughly the meanings given below and write the word you choose in the corresponding space on your ANSWER SHEET.(10 points,1 point for each)

    Note:The numbers in the brackets refer to the numbers of paragraphs in the passage.

    21.______(1) difficult to deal with because of many closely related parts

    22.______(1)a small machine that can calculate

    23.______(1)take a part of amount from sth.larger

    24.______(2)a part of the whole

    25.______(2)look at sth.quickly

    26.______(2)news or knowledge given


    28.______(4)able to see

    29.______(5)divide(a sentence)into several parts

    30.______(5)a machine that can produce sth.by putting parts into a whole Passage 1

    The Kurzweil Machine

    1.Computers have many uses today.Computers can solve difficult problems and control complex machines.Many people use small computers called calculators to add,subtract,multiply,and divide numbers quickly.Scientists use large computers to solve many problems at the same time.You can play games with computers,and some computers can help you learn languages.The Kurzweil Reading Machine is a special kind of computer.It can read books for blind people.

    2.The Kurzweil machine consists of three components:a scanner,a computer,and a voice synthesizer.These three parts are like your eyes,your brain,and your voice.The scanner is the “eye” of the machine.It scans,or looks at,the words on the page of a book and changes them into digital signals.These digital signals then go to the computer,the “brain”of the machine.The computer analyzes the signals and recognizes the words.The computer sends information about the words to the voice synthesizer.The voice synthesizer makes the sounds of the words.

    3.To use the machines,a blind person simply opens the book and puts its face down on the scanner(like a photocopy machine)。The machine“reads”the words on the page.When one page is finished,the blind person turns the page and puts the book on the scanner again.The Kurzweil machine can read in a normal voice or in a special fast voice.It can read words with small letters,large letters,of italics.

    4.Blind people like the Kurzweil machine because they can“read”any thing with it:newspapers,magazines,books,even typed letters.Many libraries now have Kurzweil machines for blind people to use.The Kurzweil machine can also help sighted children learn to read.

    5.Can the Kurzweil Reading Machine help you to read in English?The computer can analyze the grammar of sentences,and the voice synthesizer can make the sounds of the words.However,the machine cannot explain the meanings of the words.To use the machine,you must know the meanings of the words and sentences first.


    IV.Directions:Skim over Passage 2 and read the statements given right after the passage and judge whether they are True or False by blackening the answer you choose on your ANSWER SHEET.(10 points,1 point for each)

    Passage 2

    1.It’s a strange partnership,but a very effective one:Satellites and space—shuttle—carried radar are helping archeologists.How?By“ seeing” through sand or through treetops to locate important archeological sites.

    2.It seems unusual,and it is.After all,the traditional tools of archeologists are shovels and picks.But tradition is giving way to high technology,and it’s making the archeologist’s work and time far more productive.

    3.Take,for example,the second 1981 flight of the Space Shuttle Challenger.During that mission,a powerful,experimental radar was pointed at a lifeless stretch of desert in Egypt called the Selima Sand Sheet(part of the Sahara Desert)。Much to everyone’s surprise,the radar penetrated through the sand to the harder rock beneath.On the surface,there is little indication that Africa’s Sahara Desert was ever anything but a desert.When the archeologists studied the radar images,they saw what seemed to be impossible:there was sand-buried landscape that was shaped by flowing water,traces of ancient riverbeds. In some places the river banks appeared to be over nine miles wide,far wider than most sections of the present—day Nile River.Today,the area is one of the hottest,driest desert in the world.

    4.Archeologists dug pits along the old river banks and found clues to the past:Stream-rounded pebbles,Stone-Age axes,broken ostrich eggshells,and the shells of land snails.The archeologists were quite pleased with these findings.For years,they’d been finding stone axes scattered through the desert,and couldn’t understand why.Now we know that early humans were living on the banks of old rivers,and left their beautiful tools behind.Some are so sharp that you could shave with them.

    5.More recently,Landsat 4,a special Earth—mapping satellite,aided in the discovery of ancient Mayan ruins in Mexico.Landsat can,with the help of false—color imagery,“see through”the dense jungle canopy that now covers much of the area.Landsat maps variations in reflected light from the ground,including infrared(invisible heat)radiations.So exact are the measurements of these reflected lights that a computer can identify living objects and assign them certain colors,while giving non-living objects contrasting colors.Researchers looked for square or rectangular shapes that suggested two-to-20-acre enclosures where Mayans stored fresh water.Armed with these maps,a five-person expedition took to the air in a helicopter.

    6.By the end of the second day,the team hit paydirt:they found a stretch of walled fields that expedition members said look like “old New England fences”。They just go on,non-stop,for 40 miles.Later in the week,an ancient village surrounded by walled fields was pinpointed,as was the“lost”city of Oxpemul,once found in the early 1930’s but quickly reclaimed by the jungle.The Mayan culture reached its peak in 250 A.D.and flourished for another 600 years. The archeologists were elated with the findings,which made them able to map the extent of the Mayan civilization in the Yucatan in about five days.Working on foot,it would have taken at least 100 years.

    7.Pick—and shovel—wielding scientists,move over.The space-age archeologists are here with new tools——“eyes” in the sky!

    31.Satellites and space-shuttle-carried radar can help archeologists locate important archeological site in a more effective way.

    32.A powerful,experimental radar was pointed at one of the hottest,driest desert in the world and showed that there were traces of ancient riverbeds.

    33.Africa’s Sahara Desert is found to have landscape that was shaped by flowing water underneath.         34.Archeologists studied the radar images and found clues to the past:stream-rounded pebbles,Stone-Age axes,broken ostrich eggshells,and the shells of land snails.

    35.The archeologists can’t understand why there were stone axes scattered through the desert.

    36.Landsat 4 measures the reflected lights of the ground so exactly that important archeological sites are located.

    37.With the help of the Earth-mapping statellite,scientists begin to be engaged in air research.

    38.An ancient village surrounded by walled fields that the expedition members found was the“ lost” city of Oxpemul once found in the early 1930’s.

    39.The Mayan culture flourished until 850 A.D.

    40.The best title for this article can be “Space-Age Architecture”。


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