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综合英语(一)串讲讲义试卷分析及应试技巧

2006-09-14 15:18   【 】【我要纠错

  《考纲》规定考试内容的70%取自教材内容,除了有关语调的部分,其余内容都有必要熟记,即使你的英语基础比较扎实也要现实点,作好充分的备考准备。

  《综一》考试试卷题型共六大类,下面结合题型谈谈学习方法和技巧的问题。

  一、 语法及词汇(每小题1分,共30分)

  用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案。

  本题型主要考查学生的词汇量,以及词汇的搭配用法,语法的应用。词汇题为课文中出现的单词及其搭配。语法题涵盖教材要求掌握的所有语法现象。

  (讲解背单词的一些方法,以及个别语法点)

  二、 阅读理解(每小题1分,共10分)

  认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。

  这道题是考察综合的阅读理解能力,要求考生在阅读完短文后,从选择项目中找出正确的答案。包括两至三篇短文,基本没有生词,如有个别生词,试卷中会用汉语标出。

  (讲解做阅读的一些技巧及方法)

  三、语音(每两小题1分,共10分)

  用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。

  注意:使用新的或老的音标形式都可以。

  这部分内容取自教材中的课文,共有20个单词。在平时学习中,遇到发音没把握的单词,一定要勤查词典,直至彻底弄明白。千万不可抱着一种侥幸的心理,以为某一单词不一定会考,因而懒得弄清其发音。

  (讲解一些常见的容易混淆的字母组合发音)

  四、完形填空(每两小题1分,共10分)

  A. 从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次

  这种完形填空是考察学生英语的综合能力的题型,主要是对语法和词汇的运用以及简单的阅读理解能力的考核。试题的短文中有10个空格,要求考生从所提供的12个词中选择正确答案,填入空格内。本题的短文通常选自教材以外的一些文章。做这道题时,先快速浏览一遍全文,以获得对文章的整体印象,然后再选择正确答案。此外,应该采取“优选法”即排除法,先选择有把握的词填入适当的位置,这样剩下不多的词就比较易“择优选择”了。

  B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  这种完形填空考察学生对所学课文的熟悉程度及对词汇和句法的熟练程度。试题从所学课文中选出长度为120-150个词的片段,每7-9个词抽掉一个,留出空处,要求考生填入与课文一致的词。做这道题,对课文的熟悉程度是个关键因素。

  五、根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(每小题2分,共20分)

  这道题是考察学生对课文的熟悉和理解程度。要求学生能根据每题所提供的线索,按照课文内容,用正确的语法形式完成10个句子。所给线索可以是总结归纳性的,也可以是课文原文。

  六、汉译英(每小题2分,共20分)

  这道题主要考察学生对课文重点句型、词汇和语法的掌握及其运用能力,共10题。题目出自课后词汇、句型翻译练习题和语法翻译习题,而且严格按照考试大纲附表所列的范围命题。

  另:历年考试中同样也出现过下列题型

  其他题型

  一、将括号里的单词转换成正确的词类形式填空。

  1.The old man looked at the girl with a ____ smile. (friend)

  2.Be ____ when you cross the streets. (care)

  (答案:1.friendly 2.careful)

  When Benjamin Franklin first went to France he was ____ (ability) to speak or understand a word of ____ (France)。One day he was at a ____ (dining) with many ____ (importance) men of France .There were several speeches ,and everybody applauded after each speech .Franklin did not understand a word of these speeches ,but he applauded like everybody else .After one of the speeches , everybody ,including Franklin himself ,got up ,and applauded ____ (cheerful) and ____ (loud) .Then everybody began to ____ (laughter)。Franklin asked the man next to him :“What are they laughing for ?”They are laughing at you ,“said the man .”In the last speech the ____(speaking) spoke about you. He said that France was ____ (pride) of you ;and that you were a very ____ (goodness) man and an excellent ambassador.“

  答案(1)unable (2)French (3)dinner (4)important (5)cheerfully (6)loudly (7)laugh (8)speaker (9)proud (10)good

  以上两道题都是考察构词法的应用规则,一是采用单句形式,二是采用成段形式,要求根据提供的单词转换成为同一词根的另一种词类。需要注意的是,在成段形式中,也可能有一个词不必改变其词类。要想做好这两道题,教材中有关构词法的知识至关重要。对于成段形式的词类转换,做这类题时,先快速游览一遍整段内容,抓住整段内容有助于确定个别单词的正确形式。

  二、根据所学课文内容,用一两句话回答下列问题。

  本题是关于课文的大意、故事的内容、人物、时间、地点等,但不会考不重要的细节。由于问题是针对课文内容而设计的,因此考生不必进行发挥。

  综合英语(一)上册

  Lesson 1

  Semester seriously alive

  Have time on one‘s hands

  Get the most out of sth.

  Put…into practice

  Keep sth./sb.+adj.

  Run out (of)

  1.It is like a drug. The more time you waste, the easier it is to go on wasting time.

  2.If you seriously wish to get the most out of college, you must put the time message into practice.

  3.How much study time you plan for each classroom hour depends on four things.

  4.This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep you up to date on your class assignments.

  5. It is a good day to catch up on back reading and other assignments.

  back的用法(back rent back pay back taxes)

  Lesson 2

  Poetry royal weaving tragedy finally

  Ask a favour of sb.

  Change/turn…into…

  Lend a helping hand to sb.

  Pretend to do sth.

  1. But the boy, pretending to sleep, understood every word.

  2. There were almost as many tales in Denmark as there were people to tell them.

  3. The genius of Andersen is that he put so much of everyday life into the wonder of his fairy tales.

  4. One cold day the boy had stood looking at the white patterns formed on the window by the frost.

  Lesson 3

  Gallop humor awkward court swan

  Have a good view of

  Make friends with sb.

  Be full of

  Feel/be at ease with sb.

  In turn

  1. But there was one bit fact that he could not see right under his own nose.

  2. All of us laugh at the humor of The Emperor‘s New Clothes, but we remember the story every time men pretend to be something that they are not.

  3. The greatest writers of the day, from Dickens to Victor Hugo, looked upon him as one of themselves.

  4. Happiest of all was the day he returned to the “duck-yard,” nearly 50years after he had left it.

  Lesson 4

  Stare at

  Spend…time (in) doing

  Run across/into sb./sth.

  Make a contribution to

  Go over

  1. Any word longer than a couple of syllables gave me trouble.

  2. I have never been able to thank him properly because I never knew then what an enormous contribution he was making to my life.

  3. That became a habit, as did all the other things he left me with.

  Lesson 5

  Collapse wear enable funeral

  Enable sb. to do sth.

  Come to

  Turn out that/to (be/do)

  1. It turned out there had been two Marines with the same name and similar numbers in the camp.

  Lesson 6

  Widely define occupy guide bind

  Be out of one‘s mind

  Regard…as

  Provide sth. for sb.

  1. Few people ask by what authority the writers of dictionaries and grammars say what they say.

  2. In the United States, however, anyone who is willing to quarrel with the dictionary is regarded as out of his mind.

  Lesson 7

  Limp Stagger Drive Empty Crawl

  Leave…behind

  Recover from

  Compared with

  Be afraid of sth./sb.

  Be afraid (that)

  Be afraid of doing sth.

  No longer/not…any longer

  1. He struggled to his feet and limped on.

  2. He wasn‘t sure if he could carry it any longer. But he couldn’t lav it behind.

  3. Knowing full well the sick wolf was following him.

  4. How could he laugh about Bill;s bones and take his gold.

  5. He got on top of the wolf and held its mouth closed.

  Lesson 8

  Draw Impress Enchant Dance hiding

  Catch sight of

  Give oneself up to

  Give way to

  As if

  1. He took the violin from the wall as calmly as if he were a welcome visitor.

  2. But pappy stood unmoved, gun in hand and eyes alert.

  3. With him was a young fellow whose appearance told of many days in hiding.

  Lesson 9

  Fool

  Cheat

  Create

  Act

  Die from

  Contribution to/towards

  Lie in

  It/there is no use doing

  1. Let me tell you that certainly nothing is further from the truth.

  2. We have all read stories about movie stars committing suicide or dying from drugs.

  3. Happiness is not an end, it is a process.

  4. If you wait for certain things to happen and depend on external circumstances of life to make you happy, you will always feel unfulfilled.

  5. It doesn‘t mean that…It means continuously creating values for others…Doing nothing means death.

  Lesson 10

  Stay

  Make

  Play

  Run

  Amaze

  Stay/keep in touch (with sb.)

  Can‘t help doing

  End up as…

  Every bit as

  1. He poured a drop into Henry‘s glass and waited with aproud expression on his face, as if to say “Taste it, you peasant”。

  2. He was born into an unimportant but well-to-do family.

  3. One thing was sure: you couldn‘t help liking Henry Ground and his talent for making you laugh.

  Lesson 11

  Bequeath

  Announce

  Narrow

  Resist

  Fall

  Make one‘s sides ache

  Build up

  Be doubled up

  As for

  It‘s up to sb. (to do)

  Start sb. Off .

  1. In no time, everyone was doubled up, tears streaming from their eyes, their shoulders rising and falling as wave after wave of laughter swept the crowd.

  2. I couldn‘t resist playing one last little joke on you

  Lesson 12

  Approach

  Prejudiced

  Hesitate

  Fail

  Be prejudiced against…

  Pass (sth.) on (to)

  Be known for…

  综合英语(一)下册

  Lesson 1

  Physically

  Exhausted

  Excited

  Relax

  Body

  Break (news) to sb.

  Be surprised at

  Die of

  Look into the future

  Drink in

  1.Like a sudden storm, her tears broke out

  2.In front of the window stood a large, comfortable armchair

  3.She was beginning to recognize the thing that was approaching to take her

  4.Suddenly Louise understood that this was wrong and that she could break away and be free of it

  5.It was Brently Mallard, who entered, looking dirty and tired, carrying a suitcase and an umbrella

  Lesson 2

  laboratory

  instrument

  desperation

  feature

  earnestly

  reassuring

  thoroughly

  seem to (do)

  urge sb.to do

  part with

  give an account of

  be convinced that

  1.I must not use a magnifying glass, nor instruments of any kind

  2.Not only must I think of my fish all night, studying, without the object before me, what this unknown but most visible feature might be, but also, without reviewing my discoveries, I must give an exact account of them the next day

  3.He seemed to be quite as I that I should see for myself what he saw

  4.It has influenced the way I have studied ever since

  5.It was something the Professor gave me, which we could not buy, with which we could not part

  6.While training the students in the method of observing facts and their orderly arrangement

  Lesson 3

  initial

  haunt

  lieutenant

  crook

  liar

  mean to do

  make one‘s way to

  trip sb. up

  in case

  send sb. doing sth.

  1.And that was funny, too, because he didn‘t like crime and meant to stop it whenever he could

  2.For some reason that advertisement haunted Bob Sugg. Here was a mystery he wanted to solve

  3.A few minutes later, the man in charge of the newspaper files saw an excited boy rush into the room

  4.The city directory showed no such return address as the advertiser had left

  5.They must be plain-clothes men, Bob seceded, who would hide until the time was ripe to swoop down on the criminals

  Lesson 4

  haul

  monster

  plumber

  economist

  back and forth

  be ashamed of

  do harm (to)

  look down on/upon

  nothing but

  1.While I wouldn‘t have time to talk at length, there was time to exchange the greetings that go with civilized ways

  2.I said hello in quite a few yards before the message sank in that this wasn‘t the thing to do

  3.Steve spoke spontaneously about these things on the long ride to the dump

  4.It doesn‘t do any harm, and it still feels right

  5.Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water

  Lesson 5

  squad

  swollen

  hideous

  ironically

  endure

  have an effect on

  remember doing

  advise sb. to do sth.

  Get sth./sb. out of one‘s mind

  Have sth. Done

  1.That was the closest anyone had ever come to calling me fat

  2.The hideous 18-year-old idiot had spoken the words that none of my loved ones had the heart to even though they were true. Yes, I was fat

  3.From then on, I was committed to shedding the weight and getting into shape

  4.I hope that the kid form the pool has had his teeth fixed because I‘m sure they were one source of his misery

  5.I won‘t let him know that he gave me the greatest gift he could ever give me just by being honest

  Lesson 6

  cyanide

  aspirin

  mechanized

  spiritual

  go through

  as a result of

  think oneself as

  do with

  1.New as I was to the faculty, I could have told this boy that he had enrolled, not in a technical training school, but in a university, and that in a university students enroll for both training and education

  2.Then for about eight hours of each working day you will, I hope, be usefully employed

  3.Will you be head of a family that maintains some basic contact with the great continuity of civilized intellect

  4.There is not time enough in a single lifetime to invent for oneself everything one needs to know in order to be a civilized human

  5.A civilized mind is one that contains many such lives and many such worlds

  Lesson 7

  violent

  fiercely

  responsibility

  despair

  result in

  shave off

  be no match for

  be in despair

  it seems that…

  1.who is wanted by the police in connection with the murder of Emma Strickland in Manchester

  2.Even with a razor, he would be no match for William Strickland, who had murdered his old aunt so violently

  3.Mr. Budd, in the interests of business, agreed that dark brown would be very nice

  4.Mr. Budd got from the man the name of the dye which had been used before and decided that he would have to be careful

  Lesson 8

  pleasantly

  advantage

  cautiously

  obediently

  figure

  be in one‘s hands

  be to do sth.

  send for sb.

  do sb. a favour

  not…in the least

  1.The man would probably seize him by the wrist and take the razor away

  2.On the handle had been painted the words “Knowledge is Power.”

  3.The hair which had been black before it was grey or red and which was now dark brown

  4.The door opened a little and was quickly pushed to again, but the captain had stuck his boot between it and the doorpost

  Lesson 9

  character

  emotion

  foreigner

  failure

  honorable

  in particular

  tend to do

  share…with…

  be fond of

  no less…than

  1.It object is the ability to laugh at oneself —at one‘s own faults, one’s own failure, even at one‘s own ideals

  2.To those who are fond of flowery expressions, the Englishman may appear uncomfortably cold

  Lesson 10

  towel

  refrigerator

  canned

  get through with sb./sth.

  Leave…open/closed

  Leave sth. Behind (sb.)

  (sth.) need doing

  1.In a corner of the room behind a screen was a small gas stove and a refrigerator

  2.Instead, as she ate, she told him about her work in a hotel beauty shop that stayed open later

  3.But he could not even say that as he turned at the foot of the steps and looked up at the large woman

  Lesson 11

  withdrawal

  initiate

  incredibly

  conscience

  dramatic

  make a deposit/withdrawal

  cut sb. of

  focus on

  keep in mind

  such a (an)…that

  1.Of all the events of our night out together, the most important was a little act of kindness —a showing of love to his brother

  2.They go a long way toward building trust and unconditional love

  3.For many, the ultimate deposit to the Emotional Bank Account comes in forgiving

  4.In everything you for your family, keep in mind the miracle of the Chinese bamboo

  Lesson 12

  sheer

  survival

  religion

  hysterical

  think over

  convince sb. of sth.

  Reduce to

  Refer to

  And so forth

  Now that

  1.At that moment I stopped still, for at no time did the professor ever cut up the lecture into topics and subtopics

  2.However, the topics and subtopics were there, waiting to be discovered

  3.By first reading these books, I found I could understand better that assigned chapter in textbook

  4.Much to my delight, I had discussed all the facts and ideas accurately

  5.When the students left the examination room, they jotted down these questions quickly from memory

  Lesson 13

  develop

  comment

  complain

  honor

  differ

  deal with

  choose to do

  make it a point to do(=make a point of doing)

  1.The process of dying involves fewer and fewer choices available to us

  2.Yet he has shown remarkable courage in the way he has faced this loss and his dying

  3.More than anyone I have known or heard about, Jim has taken care of unfinished business

  4.He made it a point to gather his family and tell them his wishes

  5.By his example and by his words, Jim has taught me how to evaluate my own life

  Lesson 14

  quote

  mechanic

  bet

  lay

  quote from…

  be better off

  look forward to (sth./doing sth.)

  if only…

  1.Nothing big —just something I could build up

  2.I could read about other people‘s troubles for a change

  3.As if there was a gap in the news. As if it was a jump ahead

  4.The only thing is, she doesn‘t care if she’s alive or dead now my Dad‘s gone

  Lesson 15

  queue

  jaw

  definitely

  dull

  idiot

  wild

  attempt to do

  then and there/There and then

  take sth.into one‘s own hands

  separate…from…

  1.But when she took it away, back it would drop again

  2.Many told Mother very gently that I was mentally defective and would remain so

  3.That was a hard blow to a young mother who had already reared five healthy children

  4.Mother decided there and then to take matters into her own hands

  5.That was a big decision as far as my future life was concerned

  6.While my father was out at bricklaying, earning the bread and butter for us

  Lesson 16

  glow

  giant

  slate

  choke

  pierce

  shaky

  scrawl

  long to do

  break loose from

  be covered with

  whisper in one‘s ear

  As much as if…

  1.I was fascinated by it as much as if it had been a stick of gold

  2.I held it tightly between my toes, and, acting on an impulse, made a wild sort of scribble with it on the slate

  3.I had done it! It had started —the thing that was to give my mind its chance of expressing itself

  4.Then the stick of the chalk broke and I was left with a stump.

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