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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(51)

2007-09-06 09:38   【 】【我要纠错

  (二)英译汉

  1.The new music was built out of materials already in existence.

  2.Folk music, old and modern, was popular among college students.

  3.They freely took over elements form jazz, from American country music.

  4.With records at home, listeners imitated these lighting effects as best they could.

  5.In a sense, men of this kind begin not so much with a musical theme as with a completed composition.

  6.Most composers since Beethoven‘s day belong to this second type.

  7.Men like Palestrina and Bach belong in this category.

  (三)汉译英

  这一章是关于热能转化成动力的。

  The chapter is about the transformation of heat into power.

  一群人自发地聚集在事故现场。

  A group of people got together spontaneously at the scene of the accident.

  这次争吵是由误会引起的。

  The quarrel originated from a misunderstanding.

  1949年后,军队接管了这个城市。

  The army took over this city after 1949.

  为了你的健康,你不应该承担太繁重的工作。

  For your health,you should avoid taking on too much work.

  (四)历年考题

  1.In the process of composition , it isn‘t easy to be inspired in a spontaneous way for long periods _____ a stretch……

  A. at

  B. for

  C. over

  D. in

  答案是A.

  考点:词组 at a stretch 一口气,连续不断的

  2.汉译英 新音乐是由业已存在的材料构建出来的。

  The new music was built out of materials already in existence.

  3.汉译英:那时在大学生中流行的正是民间音乐。

  It was folk music that was popular among college students at that time.

  4.汉译英:不用说我们现在已不是生活在传统社会。

  It goes without saying that we are not living in a traditional society.

  讲义六

  Text A Improving Industrial Efficiency through Robotics

  Ⅰ 课文简介

  机器人在工业生产中的使用越来越普遍。目前大多数的机器人用于汽车工业,此外在别的工业领域虽然应用的程度低一些,(although to a lesser degree) 但也开始出现。它们已经可以代替人进行一些工作。

  那么机器人与自动化机械有什么不同呢?它们的不同在于机器人完成某一特定任务后,可由计算机重新编制程序去完成另一项任务。

  现在科学家与工程技术人员正在研制新一代机器人,使机器人具有视觉、有触觉、并且能够做出关键性的决策。未来机器人将会在许多领域代替人的工作。

  Paras.1-3 Robots are used in many areas

  Para.4 The difference between robots and other machines.

  Paras.5-7 Technicians and engineers are trying to design new types of robots. (will be able to see objects; will have a sense of touch; will make critical decisions.)

  Ⅱ New Words

  词汇精讲:

  1.efficiency : n . 效率,功效

  派生词:efficient a. 有效率的; inefficient a. 无效率的;inefficiency n. 无效率

  These machines have raised efficiency many times.

  A good manager is both competent and efficient. 好的经理应当是称职而且有效率的。

  区别:efficient 和effective

  efficient a .有效率的; effective a. 有效的

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