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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(14)

2007-09-04 15:51   【 】【我要纠错

  词组

  1 to research into 研究

  2 speculation about 关于…猜测

  3 to swallow up 吞没,耗尽

  4 to make use of 利用

  To reduce to 归纳,简化,迫使

  To apply to 适用于,应用

  词汇精讲:

  1 escape v.逃跑,避免

  A lion has escaped from its cage.

  一头狮子从笼子里跑出来了

  2 exert: vt.用尽;尽力;运用;行使;施加,产生(影响等)

  用法:exert pressure on sb.给…施加压力

  She exerted herself all year to earn good marks.她整年努力以期获得好分数。

  He's been exerting a lot of pressure on me to change my mind.他一直在施加种种压力要我改变主意。

  Black holes exert very strong gravity.黑洞产生很强的引力。

  3 explode v.爆炸,突发

  xplosion n.

  explosive a.

  A bomb exploded at one of London's busiest railway station this morning.

  今天上午一颗炸弹在伦敦最繁忙的火车站爆炸了。

  4 collapse v.n.倒塌, 崩溃

  例句 参考教材第34-35页的 word Study 2

  5 shrink: (shrank, shrunk ) v.退缩;畏缩;n.收缩;缩小

  用法: The gross national product shrank one percent last year.去年国民生产总值减少了1%.

  Washing wool in hot water will shrink it .在热水中洗羊毛会使它缩水。

  We will never shrink back before difficulties .我们在困难面前决不退缩。

  6 boundary n.分界线,边界

  We crossed the state boundary at midnight.

  我们在午夜穿过了州界。

  7 constant adj.不断的,经常的;永恒的,始终如一 n……常数

  He is in constant trouble with the police.他总是不断和警察惹麻烦。

  There are no constants at all.根本没有不变的事物。

  对比同义词:

  continual 时断时续的 It continually shrinks by the force of its own gravity

  continuous 连续不间断的 The brain needs a continuous supply of blood.

  大脑需要不断的供血。

  constant强调不变,永恒

  8 implication: n.牵连;涉及;卷入;含意;暗示

  派生词:imply v.暗示,含意

  用法:She seemed by implication to acknowledge that fact.她似乎含蓄地承认了那事实。

  The implication of your statement is that I was wrong.你这话的弦外之音是我错了。

  9 launch: v.发射,发动 n.发射

  The launch of the third man-made satellite turned to be a great success.第三枚航天器的发射结果是巨大成功。

  In the 1980's our country launched a number of satellites.80年代我国发射了多颗卫星。

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