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自考“英语(一)”笔记(1)

2007-04-06 09:08   【 】【我要纠错

  Text A     How to be a successful language learner?

  本课主要单词

  1. successful adj. 成功的

  He is a successful writer. (他是一个有成就的作家。)

  He hopes he will be successful this time. (他希望他这次能够成功。)

  success n. 成功

  Their film is a great success.(他们的影片很成功。)

  We are sure of success. (我们一定能成功。)

  succeed v. 成功

  I succeeded in getting the job. (我成功地得到了这份工作。)

  She succeeded in passing the exam. (她考试及格了。)

  2. adult adj. & n. 成年的,成熟的;成年人

  These adult films are not suitable for children.(这些成人电影,儿童不宜观看。)

  Don't worry too much about him, he is an adult now.(别为他过分担心,他是成年人了。)

  3. disagree vi. 有分歧,不同意;不符,不一致

  agree vi. 同意

  I disagree with you about this.〔对于这件事,我跟你的意见不同。〕

  These figures disagree with last week's results.(这些数据与上周的结果不符。)

  I agree with what you said. (我同意你所说的。)

  She agreed to the plan.(她赞成这个计划。)

  We haven't agreed on the date of the meeting.(我们还没商定会议的日期。)

  agreement n. 同意;协议

  disagreement n. 不同意

  We haven't reached an agreement yet.(我们还没达成协议。)

  There was no disagreement, and the proposal was accepted.(没有不同意见,这个建议被接受了。)

  (请注意:前缀dis-通常可以加在动词,名词,形容词前面,构成反意词。例如:dissatisfy,disorder,disable. 后缀-ment加在动词的后面,构成名词。例如:arrangement,argument 等。)

  4. statement n. 声明,陈述 (由动词state 加名词后缀-ment构成)

  Very soon he made his first public statement about the affair. (他很快就此事件首次发表公开声明。)

  Do you believe the witness's statement? (你相信证人的陈述吗?)

  (请注意动词与名词的搭配:issue a statement, make a statement)

  5. guarantee n. & v. 保证,担保,保修

  He gave his guarantee that he would repay the money as soon as he could.(他保证他会尽快还钱。)

  The washing machine is guaranteed for five years.(这台洗衣机保用5年。)

  (请注意guarantee做动词的用法:guarantee sth.,guarantee that, guarantee against / from )

  6. intelligent adj. 聪明的,明智的

  He made an intelligent decision.(他做出了明智的决定。)

  Human beings are much more intelligent than animals.(人类远比动物聪明。)

  Intelligence n. 聪明,智力

  She prided herself on her intelligence.(她为自己的聪明感到自豪。)

  Intelligently adv. 聪明地,明智地

  They dealt with the problem intelligently.(他们明智地处理了这个问题。)

  7. conversely adv. 相反地

  Some are wealthy but unhappy; conversely, others are happy but not wealthy.

  (有的人富有但不快乐,相反,另一些人快乐但不富有。)

  converse adj. 相反的

  I hold the converse opinion.(我的观点相反。)

  converse v. 交谈,谈话

  He felt it difficult to converse with Helen in English.(他觉得跟海伦用英语交谈很困难。)

  8. similar adj. 相似的,类似的

  The two animals are similar to each other in appearance.(这两只动物外表很相似。)

  similarity n. 相似,类似

  Their differences are more noticeable than their similarities.(他们的不同之处比相同之处更明显。)

  9. independent adj. 独立的,自主的

  (这个词的词根是depend,在depend的后面加上后缀 -ent可以构成形容词,加上 -ence则可以构成名词;在dependent,dependence前面加上前缀 in- 又可以构成反义词。)

  depend v. 依靠,依赖

  dependence n. 依靠,依赖

  dependent adj. 依靠的,依赖的

  independence n. 独立,自主

  India won its independence in 1947.(印度于1947年赢得了独立。)

  10. clue n. 线索,提示

  The police searched all the houses but found no clues.(警察搜索了所有的房屋,但是没有发现任何线索。)

  (注意用法:find /give a clue to sth.)

  11. conclusion n. 结论,推论

  conclude v. 断定,决定

  (注意用法:come to a conclusion,jump at a conclusion,draw a conclusion,reach a conclusion)

  What conclusions did you come to?(你得出了什么结论?)

本文转载链接:自考“英语(一)”笔记(1)

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