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自考英语(二)复习笔记(4)

2006-12-05 11:03   【 】【我要纠错

  2.1 强化练习

  1.动词时态强化练习

  1. I was hired (hire) by a Saudi diplomat directly from the Philippines to work in London in 1989.

  解析:过去时的被动语态,标志语:1989.

  2. However, many people doubt whether this will reduce (reduce) the incidence of abuse.

  解析:一般将来时,表示“会减少”的意思。

  3. Up to that time, the blues had been (be) an essentially black medium.

  解析:过去完成时,标志语:up to that time,表示“过去的过去”。

  4. Of these 20,000, just under 2000 are being physically, sexually and psychologically abused (abuse)。

  解析:现在进行时的被动。

  5. If you do not (not, control) it, it will control you.

  解析:一般现在时。主讲从现:主句用将来时,但是时间状语、条件状语和让步状语从句中用现在时。

  6. You will enjoy your fun time more after you have completed (complete) your study responsibilities.

  解析:现在完成时,表示“已经完成”。

  7. Maintaining a healthy self-esteem is (be) a challenge that continues throughout life.

  解析:一般现在时,动名词做主语,谓语动词用单数。

  8. The second half of the nineteenth century witnessed (witness) the first extended translation into English of the writings of Eliphas Levi.

  解析:一般过去时,标志语:the second half of the nineteenth century.

  9. All the worries they might have felt for him were driven (drive) off by the sight of his cheerful face.

  解析:一般过去时的被动

  10. Attempts to break up this old system have been made (make) in every presidential election in the past one hundred years.

  解析:现在完成时的被动,标志语:in the past one hundred years.

  2.非谓语动词强化练习

  1. The mother didn’t know who to blame (blame) for the broken glass.

  解析:who+动词不定式做know的宾语

  2. The children brought (bring) up in this way tend to be healthier.

  解析:过去分词作定语,表被动。

  3. It reminded the president to keep the campaign focused (focus) on the economy.

  解析:过去分词做宾补。

  4. Putting (put) food into an empty stomach helps synchronize the body clock.

  解析:动名词作主语。

  5. It seems reasonable to assume that, other things being (be) equal, they would prefer single to shared rooms.

  解析:现在分词用在独立结构中

  6. This poem, if translated (translate) word for word into Chinese, will make no sense.

  解析:连词加过去分词作状语

  7. They may have their passports removed (remove), making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible.

  解析:过去分词作宾补

  8. Her body, with hands and feet bound (bind), was discovered by a traveler early in the morning.

  解析:过去分词用在独立结构中

  9. I couldn’t help but feel (feel) this is a very strange life.

  解析:couldn’t help but 后接动词原形

  10. Let us consider the earth as a planet revolving (revolve) round the sun.

  解析:现在分词作定语

  3.虚拟语气强化练习

  1. If it hadn’t been for your help, we would have been (be) in real trouble.

  解析:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句

  2. He would have given you more help, if he had not been (not be) so busy.

  解析:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句

  3. It is high time that we took (take) firm measures to protect our environment.

  解析:It is high time +过去式的虚拟形式

  4. It was imperative that students finish (finish) their papers before July 1st.

  解析:It was imperative that+动词原形的虚拟形式

  5. They demanded that the right to vote be given (give) to every adult person.

  解析:demand所接宾语从句用动词原形的虚拟形式

  6. There was a mistake on my paycheck. I should have received (receive) $10 more.

  解析:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句,表示“本应该收到”而实际上没有。

  7. I would rather he bought ( buy) the house next year.

  解析:would rather后接宾语从句,从句用过去式表示虚拟语气。

  8. The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we had met (meet)them before.

  解析:as if 所引导的从句用过去完成式表示虚拟语气。

  9. Should she come tomorrow, I _________ take her to the museum.  × 正确答案为C

  [A] can

  [B] will

  [C] would

  [D] must

  解析:与将来事实相反的虚拟语气的主句。

  10. If we _________ everything ready by now, we should be having a terrible time tomorrow. 正确答案为A

  [A] hadn’t got

  [B] didn’t get

  [C] wouldn’t have got

  [D] wouldn’t get

  解析:从句与现在事实相反,但本身已经是现在完成时(从by now可以看出),所以变为过去完成时。

  4.定语从句和名词性从句强化练习

  1. Studies have shown _________ teenagers often suffer from depression. 正确答案为A

  解析:that 引导宾语从句

  [A] that

  [B] which

  [C] in which

  [D] in that

  2. It is a well-known fact _________ a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes to control his direction. 正确答案为A

  [A] that

  [B] if

  [C] when

  [D] whether

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  3. On the other hand concern is also growing about the possibility of a new economic order_________ resource-rich nations of the Third World would combine to set high commodity prices. 正确答案为C

  [A] which

  [B] what

  [C] that

  [D] in that

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  4. It is not yet known _________ computers will one day have vision as good as human vision.

  正确答案为A

  [A] whether

  [B] if

  [C] that

  [D] how

  解析:it为形式主语,whether引导真正的主语从句

  5. Such attitudes amount to a belief _________ leisure can and should be put to good use. 正确答案为D

  [A] which

  [B] if

  [C] whether

  [D] that

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  6. The reason for making a decision is _________ a problem exists, goals are wrong, or something is standing in the way of accomplishing them.   正确答案为D

  [A] why

  [B] because

  [C] where

  [D] that

  解析:that 引导表语从句

  7. _________ developed was a music readily taking on various forms and capable of an almost limitless range of expression.  正确答案为A

  [A] What

  [B] Whether

  [C] That

  [D] Which

  解析:what 引导主语从句,并在主语从句中做主语

  8. Very few people understood this contract, _________ was very obscure.    正确答案为B

  [A] the language

  [B] the language of which

  [C] all it said

  [D] which it had said

  解析:the language of which引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中做主语

  9. Often music was played out of doors, _________ nature provided the environment.  正确答案为D

  [A] which

  [B] that

  [C] in which

  [D] where

  解析:where引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中作地点状语

  10. Many of us visited the industrial exhibition, _________, to our disappointment, we saw very few high-tech products.  正确答案为A

  [A] where

  [B] which

  [C] as

  [D] that

  解析:where引导非限定性定语从句,并在定语从句中作地点状语

  语法题答题要诀:

  1)牢记上述表格;

  2)分清楚题目属于哪种具体情况;

  3)熟练套用正确形式;

  4)最后再检查一下是否应作必要的改动:如是否被动,三人称动词后加s,动词的不规则变化等。

  复习指南:

  在理解上述表格的适用条件后,再通过大量作题来巩固,及时纠正出现的错误,我们一定能攻克语法难题,在语法部分得到一个理想的分数!

  参考书:

  1.《全国高等教育自学考试英语(二)模拟试卷与应试指导》(高远主编),高等教育出版社。

  2.历年真题。

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