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1999年全国高等教育自学考试英语国家概况试卷

2007-09-12 14:44   【 】【我要纠错

  课程代码:0522

  说明:本试卷分为两部分。第一部分(客观题)必须在“答题卡”上按规 定要来填、涂;第二部分(主观题)必须在“答卷”纸上相应题号处 按规定要求答题。不按规定答题,一律无效。

  第一部分(客观题,共40分)

  I. Directions : Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully .For each unfinished statement or question four suggested answers A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one you think best completes the statement or answers the question.

  Then, mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the answer sheet. (25% )

  1. Britain is separated from the rest of Europe by the English Channel in the _______ and the North Sea in the east.

  A. east

  B. south

  C. west

  D. north

  2. The first known settlers of Britain were _______.

  A. the Jutes

  B. the Celts

  C. the Saxons

  D. the Iberians

  3. The English Civil War is also called ______.

  A. the Puritan Revolution

  B. the second Magna Carta

  C. the Long Parliament

  D. the Anglican War

  4. The Tories were the forerunners 0f _______ , which still bears the nickname today.

  A. the Labour Party

  B. the Liberal Party

  C. the Social Democratic Party

  D. the Conservative Party

  5. In Britain only _______ of the population are farmers but they manage 7O% of the land area.

  A. 2%

  B. 3%

  C. 4%

  D. 5%

  6. Which of the following Statements is NOT true about the Prime Minister in Britain?

  A. He is appointed by the Queen.

  B. He is Minister for the Civil Service.

  C. He sits in the House of Commons.

  D. He receives ?88,292 a year.

  7. London''s Metropolitan Police Force is directly under the control of _______ .

  A. the Lord Chancellor

  B. the Home Secretary

  C. the Attorney General

  D. the Prime Minister

  8. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the National Health Service?

  A. It Provides for every resident a full range of medical services.

  B. It is administered by the central government.

  C. Its emergency ambulances are available for doctors'' urgent calls.

  D. It has suffered from under funding in recent decades.

  9. There are some _______ universities in the United Kingdom,including the Open University.

  A. 75

  B. 80

  C. 85

  D. 9O

  10. Ireland is divided into two political parts: _______ .

  A. Northern Ireland and southern Ireland

  B. Southern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland

  C. the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland

  D. Northern Ireland and Britain

  11. The Grand Canyon in north-western _______ is one of nature''s most impeessive sights.

  A. Utah

  B. Arizona

  C. Nevada

  D. Idaho

  12. The first immigrants in American history came from _______ .

  A. England and Germany

  B. England and Ireland

  C. England and the Netherlands

  D. England and Spain

  13. The United States went to war with _______ in 1812, the last war fought between these two countries.

  A. Britain

  B. France

  C. Spain

  D. Mexico

  14. In 1932, in the depth of the depression, the American people chose _______ as their next president who promised a "new deal" to get America out of depression.

  A. Theodore

  B. Franklin D. Roosevelt

  C. Woodrow Wilson

  D. Herbert Hoover

  15. Martin Luther King, Jr., a young black clergyman, became a national leader of the _______ Movement.

  A. Boycott

  B. Civil Rights

  C. Segregation

  D. Integration

  16. The cultivated land in the U.S. makes up _______ of the total land, and people who are engaged in farming make up only 2.7% of the total population.

  A. 21%

  B. 31%

  C. 41%

  D. 51%

  17. The Constitution of the United States provides that _______ shall be President of the Senate.

  A. the Secretary of State

  B. the Chief Justice

  C. the President

  D. the Vice President

  18. The typical organizational pattern for elementary and secondary schools in the United States is that of _______ .

  A. classified schools

  B. vocational schools

  C. graded schools

  D. public schools

  19. In the 1920s, Black Literature developed into an upsurge which has come to be known as _______ .

  A. the Manhattan Renaissance

  B. the Harlem Renaissance

  C. the Black Revival

  D. the African-American Rebirth

  20. Of all the symbols, _______ , which are considered to represent fertility and new life: are those most frequently associated with Easter.

  A. the pumpkin and the turkey

  B. the lamb and the beef

  C. the spring peas and the potatoes

  D. the egg and the rabbit

  21. Canada was divided Into Upper Canada (English speaking) and Lower Canada (French speaking) in _______ and they were united again in _______ .

  A. 1791/1840

  B. 1775/1791

  C. 1840/1867

  D. 1775/1867

  22. Canada''s early economic development was founded on _______ .

  A. resource industries

  B. heavy industries

  C. light industries

  D. manufacturing industries

  23. What law made French the offical language in Canada''s Quebec?

  A. The Official Language Act.

  B. The Charter of the French Language in Quebec.

  C. The Meech Lake Accord.

  D. The new Canadian Constitution.

  24. The Canadian population is chiefly characterized by _______ .

  A. its size

  B. its growth

  C. its linguistic duality

  D. its French origins

  25. Australia has always been a continent with few people mainly because _______ .

  A. Australia is too far away fram Europe

  B. Australia is the least mountainous and most level of the world''s continents

  C. Australia is separated from the rest of the world by seas

  D. most of the continent is hot and dry

  II. Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully and see if it is true or false .Blacken A if you think it is true or B if you think it is false on your answer sheet. Blackening C、D or E is useless. (15% )

  26.Britain became a world leader in shipbuilding during the middle of the 20th century.

  27. The Queen is the center of much of the nation''s ceremonial and, by ancient tradition, the leader of society.

  28.The Lord Chancellor recommends the High Court and circuit judges, the recorders and the 76 metropolitan and stipendiary magistrates.

  29.The social security system in Britain is designed to secure a basic standard of living for people in financial need.

  30.The Open University in Britain is a non-residential university based in London.

  31. Since the 1960s, manufacturing has become the mainstay of the Irish economy.

  32. Although tobacco is grown in many countries, the United States is the World''s biggest producer and user of this profitable crop.

  33.The Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is the only organ which has the power to interpret the Constitution.

  34. Higher education in the United States began with the founding of University of Michigan in 1636.

  35. Mark Twain''s real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens and he was born and brought up in the small town of Hannibal, Missouri, on the Mississippi River.

  36. Before World War II, it was customary for each community to hold veteran''s parades and public ceremonies in the U.S.A.

  37. Canada, a self-governing member of the Commonwealth of Nations, is a federation of 15 provinces and two territories.

  38. British explorers had a good knowledge of animals, the seasons and all aspects of Australia.

  39. In January 1940 Australian troops first sailed for overseas theatres of war, and in the next two years they fought with the British against the Germans and Italians in northern Africa, the Middle East and Mediterranean.

  40. New Zealanders take a community approach to problems, but at the same time they are very proud of being independent and self-reliant.

  第二部分(主观题,共60分)

  III. Directions: For each of the following blanks, only one word is suitable. Write the word in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (25%)

  ●The capital of the Republic of Ireland is (1) ________ , and the capital of Northern Ireland is (2) ________ .

  ●The English Renaissance was largely (3) ________ and its finest exponents were Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson and William (4) ________ .

  ●The Whigs were the forerunners of the (5) ________ Party while the Tories were the forerunners of the (6) ________ party of England.

  ●Most of Britain''s oil reserves are thought to be under the (7) ______ (8) ______.

  ●British Parliament consists of the Sovereign, the House of (9) _____ and the House of (10) ______.

  ●The United Kingdom is a (11) ______ monarchy, it began in the (12) _______th century.

  ●In the United Kingdom, in criminal trials by jury, the (13) ______ passes sentence but the (14) _______ decides the issue of guilt or innocence.

  ●Britain is regarded as a (15) _______ state. The term applies mainly to the National (16) ______ Service, national insurance and social security.

  ●In the United Kingdom, education is compulsory for all between the ages of (17) ______ and (18) ________.

  ●The British national newspapers can be divided into two groups: national (19) _____ and national (20) ________.

  ●The most important lakes in the United States are the (21) _____ Lakes, they are all located between (22) ______ and the United States except Lake Michigan.

  ●In respect of population, (23) ______ (24) _______ is the biggest city in the United States.

  ●The largest of the racial and ethnic minorities in the U.S. is the (25) _______, who were first brought to North America as (26) ______ in 1619.

  ●Counterculture in 1960s was a movement of (27) ________ against the moral values, the aesthetic (28) _______ and the personal behavior.

  ●American government is divided into three branches: the legislative, the (29) ______ and the (30) ________, each has part of the powers but not all the power.

  ●Formal education in the United States consists of elementary, (31) _________ and (32) _______ education.

  ●The first British settlers in Canada were (33) _______ refugees who refused to fight against the British army in the War of American Independence. They called themselves (34) ________.

  ●It is assumed that the first Europeans who reached Australia''s shores were the (35) ________ and Portuguese, whom were followed by the (36) _______ and then the English.

  ●In the 1950s, there was a boom in Australia''s economy and people''s living standard was high, so Australia was called "the (37) _______ (38) ________" in that period.

  ●In World War II, Australia declared war on Japan immediately after Japan bombed the U.S. naval base at (39) _______ (40) _________.

  ●The main feature of Australia''s trade is that it has always involved the exchange of (41) ________ materials for (42) ________ products.

  ●The basic structure of Australian government is based on both the (43) ______ and (44) _______ models.

  ●New Zealand has two main islands. They are (45) ________ Island and (46) ______ Island.

  ●New Zealand is a sovereign independent state with a parliamentary (47) ________ and a constitutional (48) _______.

  ●The official languages in New Zealand are (49) ________ and (50) _______.

  IV. Directions: Explain the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (15%)

  1. Black Death

  2. The Gunpowder Plot

  3. Ulysses

  4. The Puritans

  5. the Axis powers

  V. Directions: Give a brief answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (12%)

  1. What happened in the four-day London smog in 1952?

  2. What does IBM stand for? What is the corporation''s main product?

  3. When is "Trick or treat" played and what does it mean?

  4. What is special about the Kiwi, a national symbol of New Zealand?

  VI. Directions: Write between 100-15O words on the following topic in the corresponding space on your answer sheet. (8%)

  Describe briefly the size and location of the United States of America.

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