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2001年全国高等教育自学考试英语国家概况试卷

2007-09-12 15:23   【 】【我要纠错

  本试题分选择题和非选择题,选择题第1页至第5页,非选择题第6页,共6页。选择题40分,非选择题60分,满分100分。全部题目用英文作答,并将答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不计分。考试时间150分钟。

  PART ONE

  I. Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked [A], ,[C]and [D] are given. Choose the one which you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer [A], ,[C]or [D] you have chosen in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. (40 points, 1 point for each)

  1.On the island of Great Britain, there are ________.

  [A]four political divisions-England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

  [B]four political divisions-England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland

  [C]three political divisions-England, Scotland, and Wales

  [D]three political divisions-England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland

  2.The largest lake in Britain is ______.

  [A]Loch Lomond

  [B]the Lough Neagh

  [C]Windermere

  [D]Ullswater

  3.Britain's climate is influenced by _______ that sweeps up from the equator and flows past the British Isles.

  [A]the Gulf Strteam

  [B]the Brazil Current

  [C]the Labrador Current

  [D]the Falkland current

  4.Langd enclosure in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands led to mass emigration, particularly to _______.

  [A]Africa

  [B]Eastern Europe

  [C]Asia

  [D]the Americas

  5.Christianity was first brought to England by ______.

  [A]the Romans

  [B]the Celts

  [C]the Anglo-Saxons

  [D]the Danes

  6.William, Duke of Normandy, fought King Harold of England at the Battle of Hastings in ______.

  [A]1086

  [B]1066

  [C]1035

  [D]1381

  7.When Wales was brought under the English Crown, the title of “Prince of Wales” was borne by ______, the eldest son of the reigning monarch.

  [A]Richard I

  [B]Henry III

  [C]Edward I

  [D]Edward II

  8.The Hundred Years' War with France was fought _____.

  [A]from 1327 to 1453

  [B]from 1337 to 1453

  [C]from 1347 to 1453

  [D]from 1357 to 1453

  9.The Black Death, which ravaged England in 1348-49, carried off ______.

  [A]three fourths of the population

  [B]one fourth of the population

  [C]one fifth of the population

  [D]one half to one third of the population

  10.In England, the most famous of the Catholic conspiracies was ____.

  [A]the Cobham's Plot

  [B]the Gunpowder Plot

  [C]the murder of Thomas Becket

  [D]the execution of Mary Queen of Scots

  11.The law, which joined England and Scotland in 1707, was ______.

  [A]the Act of Supremacy

  [B]the Act of Union

  [C]the Reform Act

  [D]the Magna Carta

  12.In the United Kingdom, free medical care for everyone and financial help for the old, the sick and the unemployed, which have become available since 1948, are the foundation of _______.

  [A]the welfare state

  [B]the National Health Service

  [C]the civil service

  [D]the National Insurance Fund

  13.The largest state of the United States is ______.

  [A]Texas

  [B]Alaska

  [C]California

  [D]Hawaii

  14.Recently most of the immigration to the United States has been from _______.

  [A]Asian countries

  [B]Asian and Hispanic countries

  [C]Eastern European countries

  [D]former Soviet republics

  15.The Bill of rights is the term used for ______ to the Constitution of the United States.

  [A]the first ten amendments

  [B]the last five amendments

  [C]the tenth amendment

  [D]the most important amendment

  16.The declaration of Independdence was drafted by ______.

  [A]Thomas Jefferson

  [B]George Washington

  [C]Benjamin Franklin

  [D]John Adarms

  17.American presidents are elected _______.

  [A]every two years

  [B]every four years

  [C]every five years

  [D]every six years

  18.On Memorial Day, a grand ceremony is held at _______ in Washington D.C.

  [A]the Lincoln Memorial

  [B]the Washington Monument

  [C]the White House Lawn

  [D]the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

  19.The goal of Roosevelt's New Deal was _______.

  [A]to save the American economic and political system

  [B]to change the American economic system

  [C]to weaken monopoly interests in America

  [D]to nationalize banks and financial institutions in America

  20.The American policy towards the Soviet Union after the Second World War was ______.

  [A]cooperation

  [B]cold war

  [C]containment

  [D]impartiality

  21.McCarthyism refers to the anti-Communist hysteria whipped up by Senator McCarthy _______.

  [A]after W W I

  [B]in the early 1950s

  [C]during W W II

  [D]in the 1960s

  22.The earliest institution of higher learning set up in America was _______.

  [A]Harvard University

  [B]Yale University

  [C]Harvard College

  [D]Chicago University

  23.The United States has less than 6% of the world's population; yet it produces about ______ of the total world output.

  [A]20%

  [B]25%

  [C]30%

  [D]35%

  24.________ was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.

  [A]Mark Twain

  [B]Walt Whitman

  [C]T.S. Eliot

  [D]Ernest Hemingway

  25.With regard to its size, Australia is ________ country in the world.

  [A]the third largest

  [B]the fourth largest

  [C]the fifth largest

  [D]the sixth largest

  26.It is assumed that the first Europeans who reached Australia's shores were ______.

  [A]the Dutch

  [B]the English

  [C]the Germans

  [D]the Spanish and Portugese

  27.Frderalism is a system of government in which ________.

  [A]power is given to a central government which deals with all matters of national interest

  [B]power is distributed between two tiers of government, each exercising its allotted powers independent of the other

  [C]a central government has no real power and it must depend on the other tier of government

  [D]one tier of government must depend on the other tier of government

  28.In Australia, under ______ the legislation to provide equal pay for men and women doing the same work was passed.

  [A]the Fraser government

  [B]the Whitlam government

  [C]the Haeke government

  [D]the Keating government

  29.The mainly British nature of Australian society has been challenged since the third wave of migration because _______.

  [A]many new migrants are unskilled workers

  [B]many new migrants are not used to the Australian way of life

  [C]many new migrants come from the non-English-speaking world

  [D]many new migrants feel rejected in Australia

  30.There is a continuing debate in Australia about ________.

  [A]whether Australia should join the EEC (now European Union)

  [B]whether Australia should remain a monarchy or become a republic

  [C]whether Australia should develop its own manufacturing

  [D]whether Australia should build its own defence

  31.nearly ______ of the land in Canada has no permanent population.

  [A]68%

  [B]79%

  [C]89%

  [D]98%

  32.Canada ranks _______ in the production of hydroelectricity in the world.

  [A]second

  [B]third

  [C]fourth

  [D]fifth

  33.In Canada the Head of State is _______.

  [A]the prime minister

  [B]the governor-general

  [C]Queen Elizabeth II

  [D]the leader of the majority party

  34.Indigenous peoples make up about 3% of the Canadian people. They are _____.

  [A]Indians and Africans

  [B]Aborigines and Indians

  [C]Eskimos and Aborigines

  [D]American Indians and Inuit

  35.The most significant feature of Irish landscape is ______.

  [A]bogs

  [B]streams

  [C]islands

  [D]ciffs

  36.The population of Ireland is predominantly of ______ origin

  [A]English

  [B]Celtic

  [C]Norman

  [D]French

  37.________is the oldest of all the parties in Ireland.

  [A]The Irish Labour Party

  [B]The Progressive Democrats

  [C]Fianna Fail

  [D]Fine Gael

  38.the Southern Alps, with Mt Cook in the center, runs almost the whole length of _______.

  [A]New Zealand

  [B]North Island

  [C]south Island

  [D]Stewart Island

  39.Nearly three-quarters of the population (including more than 95 percent of the Maori) live in ______.

  [A]South Island

  [B]North Island

  [C]Stwart Island

  [D]the Chatham Islands

  40.What is the New Zealand-made film which won 3 Oscars in the 1993 Academy Awards?

  [A]Once Were Warriors

  [B]The Piano

  [C]Jurassic Park

  [D]Babe-the Story of a Sheep Pig

  PART TWO    II. Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. (30 points, 3 points for each)

  41.Why was Britain known as the factory of the world in the mid-19th century?

  42.What are the established churches in Britain?

  43.What does the British Parliament consist of?

  44.What does WASP stand for?

  45.Who led the bus boycott in Montgomery?

  46.Name two of Theodore Driser's novels.

  47.When did the history of Australia begin?

  48.What law made French the official language in Quebec?

  49.Who is the most well-known Irish writer of the modern period?

  50.How would you describe the climate in New Zealand?

  III. Explain each of the following terms in English. Write the statement in the corresponding space on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (20 points 5 points for each)

  51.Boston Tea Party

  52.The Watergate Scandal

  53.The British Commonwealth

  54.The White Australia Policy

  IV. Write between 100-120 words on the following topic in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. (10 points)

  55.What were the consequences of the Norman Conquest?

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