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2002年全国高等教育自学考试英语国家概况试卷

2007-09-12 15:35   【 】【我要纠错

  课程代码:00522

  Ⅰ.Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. (40 points, 1 point for each)

  1.Britain has, for centuries, been slowly tilting with ________.

  A.the North-West slowly rising and the South-East slowly sinking

  B.the North-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking

  C.the South-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking

  D.the South-West slowly rising and the North-East slowly sinking

  2.Which often following statements is not true about British coal mining?

  A.Brition has used up almost all coal deposits.

  B.The demand for British coal has declined.

  C.Petroleum, water power, and electric power replacing coal for many purposes.

  D.The old British mines are narrow and deep, making it difficult to use machines

  3.For electoral purposes Britain is divided into 659 constituencies, each of which

  returns ________ to the House of Commons.

  A.one member

  B.two members

  C.three members

  D.four members

  4.In the 1970s oil was discovered in ________, but the revenue from oil did not create an economic for Britain.

  A.the English Channel

  B.the Irish Sea

  C.St. George's Channel

  D.the North Sea

  5.In Britain, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of ________.

  A.the Lord Chancellor

  B.the Prime Minister

  C.the Speaker

  D.the Parliamentary Commissioner

  6.Thanks to the militant feminist movement of the suffragettes before the First World War, votes were granted to women over the age of ________ in 1918.

  A.18

  B.20

  C.30

  D.35

  7.The objective of the Chartist Movement was democratic rights for all men, and it took its name from “________”.

  A.The Bill of Rights

  B.The Agreement of the People

  C.The People's Charter

  D.The Great Charter

  8.In the 1960s pop music underwent a revolution when ________ became world famous and turned their home town of Liverpool into a place of pilgrimage.

  A.teh Beach Boys

  B.the Rolling Stone

  C.the Animals

  D.the Beatles

  9.The Tories were the forerunners of ________, which still bears this nickname today.

  A.the Labour Party

  B.the Conservative Party

  C.the Liberal Party

  D.the Social Democratic Party

  10.In the United Kingdom, the party which wins the ________ number of seats in the House of Commons becomes the official Opposition.

  A.largest

  B.second largest

  C.third largest

  D.fourth largest

  11.In the United Kingdom,police officers are not allowed to join ________ or to go on strike.

  A.a trade union

  B.a choir

  C. apolitical party

  D.a club

  12.Agricltural changes in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in England were so great that they were worthy of the term “________”.

  A.reform

  B.evolution

  C.revolution

  D.reformation

  13.The Mississippi, which is sometimes called ________, has played a vital role in the history of the United States.

  A.“Old Man River”

  B.“Moon River”

  C.“Old Father River”

  D.“Mother of the United States”

  14.The largest and smallest states of the United States are ________.

  A.Alaska and Rhode Island

  B.Texas and Maine

  C.Texas and Rhode Island

  D.Alaska and Maine

  15.A trend that occurs at the same time with the movement to the South and the Weast of the United States is ________.

  A.the flow of people to sunbelt area

  B.the flow of peole from small cities to big cities

  C.the growth of small towns

  D.the outflow of city residents from the core cities to the suburbs

  16.The average life expectancy of the Red Indians is ________.

  A.higher than the national average

  B.lower than the national average

  C.about the same with the national average

  D.none of the above

  17.The three Puritan traditions are ________.

  A.religious tolerance, respect for achievement and respect for learning

  B.religious dissent aggressiveness and respect for learning

  C.religious intolerance, respect for achievement and respect for learning

  D.religious intolerance, aggressiveness, respect for achievement

  18.In 1900, the United States ranked first in the world in the production of ________.

  A.coal

  B.electricity

  C.oil

  D.wheat

  19.During the Second World War, Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met at ________.

  A.Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam

  B.Teheran and Yalta

  C.Yalta, Potsdam and Berlin

  D.Teheran and Potsdam

  20.The New Frontier and War on Poverty were put forward respectively by ________.

  A.Eisenhower and Kennedy

  B.Johnson and Nixon

  C.Johnson and Kennedy

  D.Kennedy and Johnson

  21.The origin of the American party system can be traced to ________.

  A.the struggle between the Royalists and revolutionaries in the War of Independence

  B.the constitutional debate between the Federalists and the anti——Federalists

  C.the struggle between those who upheld slavery and those who opposed slavery

  D.none of the above

  22.The functions of institutions of higher education in the U.S. are ________.

  A.research and teaching

  B.teaching and degree awarding

  C.professional training, teaching and public service

  D.teaching, research and public service

  23.In “Song of Myself”, Whitman writes that ________.

  A.woman is not worth mentioning

  B.woman is not as great as man

  C.woman as the mother of human beings is the greatest

  D.none of the above

  24.The theme of Thanksgiving has always been ________.

  A.friendship and happiness

  B.peace and plenty

  C.cooperation and rich reward

  D.love and happiness

  25.Australia is located between ________ and the Indian Ocean.

  A.the South Pacific Ocean

  B.the Atlantic Ocean

  C.the North Sea

  D.the Arctic

  26.Australia, which is one of the world's developed countries, has become rich through ________.

  A.manufacturing industries

  B.farming and mining

  C.service industries

  D.forestry and fishing

  27.Australian Aborigines believed in a creative period, usually referred to in English as ________.

  A.teh Dreamland B.the Dreaming

  C.the Beginning of the World D.the Beginning of the Universe

  28.As far as Australian culture is concerned, the history of Australia can be divided into the following phases with the exception of ________.

  A.the period of the original culture of Aboriginal people

  B.the period of the dominant British culture

  C.teh period of Asian culture

  D.the period of a multicultural society

  29.The Mabo Judgement passed by Australia's High Court in June 1992 overturned the concept of terra nullius, which means ________.

  A.“land belonging to no one”

  B.“land unknown to everyone”

  C.“Wonderland”

  D.“Dreamtime”

  30.During the 1990s many Australians called for their nation to become a republic with ________.

  A.a president replacing the British monarch as head of state

  B.a prime minister replacing the governor——general as head of government

  C.a governor-general replacing the British monarch as head of state

  D.a president replacing the governor- general as head of government

  31.The longest river in Canada is ________.

  A.the Mackenzie

  B.the St. Lawrence

  C.teh Severn

  D.the Yukon

  32.Why were the French troops in Canada defeated by the British during the Seven Years' War?

  A.Because they were not used to the weather in Cananda.

  B.Because they did not get support from the local people.

  C.Because they did not receive the supplies they needed so badly.

  D.Because the British had larger and better settlements in Canada.

  33.Which of the following is not true about Canada's manufacturing today?

  A.Manufacturing is the most important economic activity in Canada.

  B.Transportation equipment ranks as the nation's leading manufactured product.

  C.Food processing is still important but it is no longer Canada's chief man ufacturing industry

  D.The production of paper and paper related products is no longer important in Canada's manufacturing.

  34.When was the referendum on Quebec's future status held in Canada?

  A.1994.

  B.1995.

  C.1996.

  D.1997

  35.Since 1971 the Canadian government has adopted a policy of ________, recognizing that cultural pluralism within a bilingual framework is the essence of the Canadian identity.

  A.assimilation

  B.integration

  C.multiculturalism

  D.gender equality

  36.In Canada the federal governments have always been formed by ________.

  A.the Liberal Party

  B.the Progressive Conservative Party

  C.either the Liberal Party or the Progressive Conservative Party

  D.both the Liberal Party and the Progressive Conservation Party

  37.What is Ireland called in Irish?

  A.Irea

  B.Aire

  C.Eare

  D.Eire

  38.What are Ireland's chief exports?

  A.Foodstuffs(especially beef), electrical machinery, and chemicals.

  B.Wool, dairy products and fruit.

  C.Motor vehicles, electrical machinery and petroleum.

  D.Coal, mining equipment and textiles.

  39.A fault line runs the length of New Zealand, which means that it often has ________.

  A.floods B.volcanic eruptions

  C.earthquakes

  D.droughts

  40.Which of the following is not true about the political system of New Zealand?

  A.New Zealand has a written constitution.

  B.New Zealand has a parliamentary government and a constitutional monarchy.

  C.New Zealand follows the British parliamentary system with some variations.

  D.New Zealand Parliament has only one chamber.

  PART TWO

  Ⅱ.Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points , 3 points for each)

  41. What are the main types of farming in Britain?

  42.How are the state-run television channels BBC1 and BBC2 financed?

  43.What is the aim of the social security system in the United Kingdom?

  44.What kind of economic system does the United States have?

  45.What were the two serious weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

  46.What is the difference between an academic high school and a technical high school?

  47.What are the most common leisure activities in Canada?

  48.What does the outback refer to in Australia?

  49.What are the two types of farming in Ireland?

  50.Why is the population of New Zealand so unevenly distributed?

  Ⅲ.Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet in around 40 words (20 points, 5 points for each)

  51.The Civil List

  52.Operation Overlord

  53.Stagflation

  54.Kiwi

  Ⅳ.Write between 100—120 words on the following topic in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(10 points)

  55. Give two examples to show the kind of political intolerance in the U.S. after the end of W.W.I.

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