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江苏自学考试英语听力(实践)教材大纲

2006-11-28 09:11   【 】【我要纠错

  南京师范大学编 (高纲号 0544)

  Ⅰ、课程性质与设置目的要求

  “英语听力”是江苏省高等教育自学考试英语专业专科阶段的必考课程,是一门专门训练和培养考生英语听力理解能力的实践技能课。

  设置本课程的主要目的是,考生采用活泼多样的听力练习形式,通过严格的、专门的听力单项和综合技能训练,掌握其基本技巧,使应考者能听懂英语国家人士关于日常生活和社会生活的交谈以及难度相当于TOEFL中的Mini-talk等中等难度的听力材料,理解其中大意,抓住主要论点,并能就所给的材料进行回答、复述和讨论。通过本课程的学习,考生应达到普通高等院校英语专业基础阶段的水平。

  Ⅱ、课程内容及考核目标

  一、课程内容

  本课程的学习内容主要围绕本课程的指定教材《英语中级听力》( Listen to This:2)。全书共36课,每课由三个部分组成。每一课的主要学习内容包括生词表、文化背景注释和配套练习等三个部分。

  二、考核目标

  本课程是一门训练听力的单项技能课,其考核目标为;听懂英语国家人士关于日常生活和社会生活的交谈以及难度相当于TOEFL中的Mini-talk等中等难度的听力材料,理解中心大意,抓住主要论点,并能就所给的材料进行问答、复述和讨论。

  Ⅲ、有关说明与实施要求

  一、关于课程内容和考试目标

  以上列出的课程学习内容和考核目标,将作为考生学习和考试命题的主要依据。考生应围绕本课程的指定教材,按要求全面系统地学习和掌握全书每一课的主要学习内容。听力考试是对应试者英语听力技能的综合测试。考生应通过英语听力自学考试教材的学习和训练,完成教材中的练习,循序渐进地提高听力理解能力。考试命题范围将主要围绕教材里的训练技能,如辨音、单句理解、对话理解并回答问题、短文理解、获取住处及回答问题、短文理解及判断正误等。命题应根据考核目标来把握试题的知识能力层次和难易程度,题型从点到线到面,即从词汇、到单句、小对话、较长的对话、短文,从易到难,循序渐进。

  二、关于自学教材和学习方法

  本课程所指定的教材为《英语中级听力》( Listen to This:2),何其莘等编,外语教学与研究出版社。

  本课程包括生词表、文化背景注释和配套练习三个部分。考生学习时应事先熟悉生词表中列出的词汇,并阅读文化背景注释。书中某些课文含有根据上下文推测、记笔记和整理讲座提纲等学习方法训练的内容,还包括对这些练习的示范说明,考生在做这部分练习时应熟悉这些训练的目的和要求。此外,考生应处理好听力课与其他课程的关系。应该知道,除了多听录音、多做练习之外,对语音语调的正确把握、丰富的词汇和语汇、宽阔的文化背景知识面等,对于提高英语听力技能是极其重要的,而这些综合的语言知识和语言技能的学习和掌握,与其他课程(中英语口语、阅读、语法、写作、英语国家概况等)的学习是分不开的。

  三、关于考试形式、内容和成绩评定

  英语听力考试的形式是笔试。题型均为多项选择类的客观题。考试分五大部分。

  第一部分:辨音。(占20%。共10题,每题2分。)

  要求考生听完一句录音后,从卷面上所给的四个读音类似的单词中找出一个录音句子中含有的单词。录音句子读两遍。

  第二部分:单句理解(占20%。共20题,每题1分。)

  要求考生听完一句录音后,从卷面上所给的四个句子中选出一句意思最为接近的句子。录音句子读两遍。

  第三部分:对话理解、回答提问(占20%。共20题,每题1分。)

  要求考生听完一男一女的两人小对话后,回答第三人的一句提问,答案从卷面所提供的四个句子中选择。对话及提问的录音放两遍。

  第四部分:短文理解、回答提问(占20%。共10题,每题2分。)

  要求考生听完一篇约200个单词的短文后,回答3-4个问题。问题列在卷面上,答案从卷面所提供的四个句子中选择。共三篇短文。短文录音放两遍。

  第五部分;短文理解、判断正误(占20%。共10题,每题2分。)

  要求考生听完一篇约600个单词的短文后,就短文内容判断10个句子的正误。10个句子均列在卷面上。短文录音放两遍。

  整个听力考试约为60分钟。要求考生边听录音、边读试卷,同时在答题卡上做答。采用标准答体卡答卷,机器阅卷。满分为100分,60分为及格。

  样题

  一、试卷题型举例:

  STANDARD LISTEING TESTFOR SELF - TAUGHT STUDENTS IN JIANGSU PROVINCE

  GENERAL DIRECTIONS

  This is a test of your ability to understand spoken English. It is divided into five sections. Each section of the test begins with a set of specific directions. Be sure you understand what you are to do before you begin to work on a section.

  The tape will tell you when to strat each section and when to go on to the next section. You must follow the recording all the time and work quickly but carefully. Do not spend too much time on any one question. If you finish a section early, you may review your answer on that section only. You may not go on to the next section and you may not go back to a section you have already worked on.

  You may find that some of the questions are more difficult than others,but you should try to answer every one. Your score will be based only on the number of questions you answer correctly. Therefore, if you are not sure of the answer to a question, make the best gues that you cna. It is to your advantage to answer every question, even if you have to guess the answer.

  Do no mark your answers in this TEST BOOK. You must mark all your answers on the separate ANSWER SHEET. Be careful to mark only one answer to each question. If you change your mind about an answer after you have marked it on the ANSWER SHEET, clear it completely withan eraser and then mark your new answer.

  Section One

  Directions:In this section of the test, you will hear tensentences. Each sentence will be read twice and it contains one of the four words given below. You must listen carefully an find out the word you hear in the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. (20%)

  Here is an example:

  On the recording,you hear:

  The boy bit the man on the arm.

  In your test book you read:

  (A)beat  (B)bit  (C)bite  (D)beast

  You learn from the speaker that the word in the sentence is(B),“bit”。Therefore,the correct answer is(B)。Now,let's begin with NO.1

  1.(A)charged  (B)trained  (C)challenged  (D)changed

  2.(A)called  (B)cold  (C)cooked  (D)good

  3.(A)exhaustion  (B)extraction  (C)exhibition  (D)exhibit

  …… ……

  Section Two

  Directions:For each question in Section Two,you will hear a sentence in the form of a statement or a question. Each sentence will

  be spoken twice. When ou hear a sentence,read the four choices and decide which of them is the chlosest interpretation of the statement or the best answer to the question you have heard. Then,on your answer sheet,find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.(20%)

  1.(A)The story is very enjoyable.

  (B)Is tha one of the stories?

  (C)I wonder which story it is.

  (D)Is that a wonderful story?

  2.(A)The deans'offices are located jus over the theater.

  (B)The dean is in the other office.

  (C)The offices are on the same floor as the theater.

  (D)The officers are on the stage.

  3.(A)Laura had to take the cake upstairs.

  (B)Laura put on makeup before the exam.

  (C)Laura must take the test.

  (D)Laura knows the flag of every nation…… ……

  Section Three

  Directions:For each question in Section Three,you will hear a short conversation between two speakers. You will be given a question to answer about each conversation. Each conversation will be read twice. You must listen carefully to understand what each speaker says. After you hear a conversation,read the four choices and decide which of them is the best answer to the question. Then,on your answer sheet,find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.(20%)

  1.What does the woman mean?

  (A)The train will be heavily loaded.

  (B)The Capitol Building is made of stone.

  (C)The Capitol building is near the train station.

  (D)The train had already departed for Washington.

  2.What does the man mean?

  (A)He doesn't think they are allowed to speak.

  (B)He doesn't know what's happening outside.

  (C)He is only talking to himself.

  (D)He thinks it's too noisy to talk now.

  3.What does the man mean?

  (A)He can read for a long time when he's interested.

  (B)He's also amazed at how much he reads.

  (C)He reads the same amount as he woman does.

  (D)He finds it difficult to sit still to read.

  …… ……

  Secton Four

  Directions:In this section of the test,you will hear short talks and  converstations. After each talk or conversation,you will be given some question. Each talk or conversation will be read twice. You must read the questions and the four possible answers carefully and choose the best answer. Then,on your answer sheet,find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.(20%)

  1.What trouble did the pigeons have?

  (A)The cobra cheated them.

  (B)The cobra occupied their home.

  (C)They blst their valuable necklace.

  (D)The cobra often ate the pigeons'young babies.

  2.Whom did the pigeons go to for help?

  (A)A hare.

  (B)A snake.

  (C)A queen.

  (D)Their servant.

  3.Why did the pigeon drop the necklace?

  (A)Because it was too heave.

  (B)Because he wanted to trick the cobra.

  (C)Because he wanted to please the cobra.

  (D)Because he wanted the servants to run after him.

  4.What is the point of this passage?

  (A)When you are in trouble, better to go and ask a clever friend for help.

  (B)bathing with a necklace left on the shore is foolish.

  (C)It is better to be clever than strong.

  (D)It's foolish to eat young pigeons.

  …… ……

  Section Five

  Directions:This section is designed to measure your comprehension of a passage. You are going to hear the passage twice. It will not be written out for you. Therefore,you must listen carfully in order to understand the passage completely. After you hear the passage,read each statement in your test book and decide whether it is TRUE or FALSE according to what you have heard on the tape. Then on your answer sheet,if it is TRUE find the number of the question and blacken the letter“A”;if it is FALSE,find the number of the question and blacken the letter“B”。Now, please get ready to listen to the passage.(20%)

  1.Chaplin was born and had grown up in London's poor area  and experienced hardships of life.

  2.Chaplin's parents had been successful actor and actress in England.

  3.Chaplin had the same dream as his parent's——to be film stars.…… ……

  THIS IS THE END OF THE LISTENING TEST.

  样题录音文字及标准答案:

  Section One

  1.The controller charged Amy too much.(A)

  2.Mike's coffee was cold.(B)

  3.His art was appreciated by the younger people at the exhibi-tion. (C)

  Section Two

  1.What a wonderful story!(A)

  2.On the floor above the theatre are the deans' offices.(A)

  3.Laura has to make up the examination.(C)

  Section Three

  1.M.While I'm in Washington,I want to see the Capitol Building.

  W.You will. It's only a stone's thrown away from the train station.

  Q.What does the woman mean?(C)

  2.W. I'm sorry. What did you say?

  M. Oh,nothing. I was just thinking out loud.

  Q. What does the man mean?(C)

  3.W. How you can read so much in one sitting is amazing.

  M. When the subject is interesting enough, it's easy.

  Q. What does the man mean?(A)

  Section Four

  Once upon a time a pair of pigeons were continually upset by a cobra. Every year the snake crawled into their home to eat the young pigeons before they learned to fly.They asked their clever friend,the hare,what to do.

  “Do not be disappointed,”he told them,“We cannot stop the cobra by force,as we are not strong enough. We will have to use craft to destroy that cruel beast. Just do what I tell you and you will be safe.”

  The pigeon then flew off to the river where a queen was bating,guarded by all her servants. He snatched up the most beautiful necklace left on the shore and flew away just out of reach of the angry servants. Once they were running straight for the cobra's home he flew quickly ahead and settled at the window pretenfing not to know what to do.

  The cobra rushed towards the pigeon at once.“Stupid pigeon,”he thought. He only just managed to fly away, but dropped this valuable necklace in his haste.“What will his wife say?Now I will be the most magnificent cobra in the world.” However,no sooner had he put it on than the servants appeared and killed him to take the expensive thing

  back.

  The year the pigeon's family grew up healthy and safe.

  Questions:

  1.What trouble did the pigeons have?(D)

  2.Whom did the pigeons go to for help?(A)

  3.Why did the pigeon drop the necklace?(B)

  4.What is! the point of this passage?(C)

  Section Five

  Charles Chaplin

  In 1911,a penniless young man left England for America. His future was uncertain,but he did not believe it could be worse than his past. He had grown up among the poor in London's East End and experience great poverty. His mother's life had been so hard that she had finally gone mad. And his father died of drink. Both parents had been on the stage and lived in the hope that they would one day be “stars”。Their son dreamed that he could succeed where they had failed.

  By 1914,his dream had come true. His name,Charlie,was widely talked about in America. He was admired as the king of silent films. How did he reach the top of the film world and make a huge success in such a short time?It was not at one single stroke. His early efforts to copy other famous stars at that time were a failure. However,he gradually began to develop the character of a tramp,which is always connected with his name. He often borrowed ideas and even “stole” most of his clothes from others,but he developed his own way to go with them. He used a black hat to pass secret messages,and the walking stick allowed him to make fun of his enemies or to punish them from a distance. He got the idea for his famous walk from a London driver who had a wound in his foot.

  …… ……

  Questions:

  1.Chaplin was born and had grown up in London's poor area and experienced hardships of life.(A)

  2.Chaplin's parents had been successful actor and actress in England.(B)

  3.Chapin had the same dream as his parent's—— to be film stars.(A)

  (执笔:南京师范大学外国语学院 李霞 等)

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