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自考“英美文学选读”总复习概要(3)

2007-06-26 15:11   【 】【我要纠错

  3.works:Mrs Warren‘s Profession(a play about the economic oppression of woman); St. Joan(historical play); The Apple Cart(political play); The Doctor’s Dilemma(political play)

  John Galsworthy

  1.works: trilogy:The Man of Property; In Chancery; To Let

  2.The Man of Property:Soames(husband),Irene(wife),Bosinney(wife‘s lover)

  the predominant possessive instinct of the Forsytes

  Soames represents the principle that the accumulation of wealth in the aim of life,for he considers everything in terms of one‘s property,he never pays any attention to his wife’s thoughts and feelings,he takes her merely as part of his own property.

  theme:human relationships of the contemporary English Society are merely an extension of property relationships

  William Butler Yeats

  1.works:The Lake Isle of Innisfree; Down by the Salley Gardens

  T.S.Eliot

  1.works:The Waste Land

  (1)presents physical disorder and spiritual decadence in the modern western society

  (2)reflects disillusion and despair of a whole post war generation.anguish,menace,sterility had been afflicting all sensitive members of the postwar generation

  (3)concerns with the spiritual breakup of a modern civilization in which human life has lost its meaning

  (4)reflects the 20th century people‘s disillusion and frustration in a meaningless and boring world

  2.works:The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock: dramatic monologue in ironic tone

  content: the meditation of an aging young man over the proposing marriage

  theme: the speaker‘s incapability of facing up to love and to life in a sterile upper-class world

  D.H.Lawence

  1.works:The Rainbow; Women in Love; Lady Chatterley‘s Lover

  2.Sons and Lovers

  contents: ignorant, drunken and brutish father(Mr.Morel), the weary, frustrated mother(Mrs.Morel), the intelligent and ambitious woman, tries to find emotional fulfillment in her sons(Paul)。she hopes her sons should never became miners, they will be educated to realize her ideals of success, happiness and social respect. Paul is incapable of escaping the overpowering emotional bond imposed by her mothers love. (distorted relationship)

  James Joyce

  1.scene:the same setting: Ireland, especially Dublin, the same subject: the Irish people and their life

  2. works: Ulysses: an account of man‘s life during one day

  3.stream of consciousness: presents unspoken materials directly from the psyche of the characters, or make the characters tell their own inner thoughts in monologues; a literary form presenting psychological aspects of characters

  The events seem to be trivial, insignificant, but below the surface of them, the natural flow of mental reflections, the shifting moods and impulses in the characters inner world are richly presented in an frank and penetrating way.(Ulysses)

  4.Araby(from Dubliners):a tale of the frustrated quest for beauty

  theme :the child lives not with his parents but with an uncle and aunt, a symbol of that isolation and lack of proper relation between parents and children

  Chapter7 The Realistic Period 1865-1914

  1.background:the Civil War affected both the social and the value system

  (1)transformed from an agricultural one to an industrialized and commercialized one

  (2)stimulated technological development

  (3)stepped up urbanization

  (4)people became dubious about the human nature and the charity of God  The Gilded Age

  2.American Realistic Period and English Realistic Period(Victorian Period)

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