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自考“高级英语”近义词辨析题(7)

2007-06-04 10:10   【 】【我要纠错

  104. A lot of retired people play chess to (kill, spend) time.

  Kill time: to spend time doing something which is not important while you are waiting to do something important or waiting for something else to happen(固定搭配)(强调事情的不重要性)

  Spend: to use time doing a particular thing or pass time in a particular place(不论事情的重要性)

  105. He knows that his parents have to work very hard in order to provide for his education, so he never (spends, squanders) money.

  Spend: to use your money to pay for goods or services

  Squander: to carelessly waste money, time, opportunities etc

  106. He wanted a (transcript, manuscript) of the report to show to his friends.

  Transcript: a written or printed copy of a speech, conversation etc(打印稿,手抄稿,强调可以复制成多份)

  Manuscript: a book or piece of writing before it is printed(手稿,原稿,强调只有一份)

  107. The workers were filled with (indignity, indignation) when they discovered that they were secretly watched during working hours.

  Indignity: a situation that makes you feel very ashamed and not respected

  Indignation: feelings of anger and surprise because you feel insulted or unfairly treated

  108. People should (clean, purge) their minds of too strong a desire for money.

  Clean: to remove dirt from something by rubbing or washing(指清洁物质世界的东西)

  Purge: (literary) to remove bad feelings(专指净化,清除思想上的东西)

  109. The policemen risked their lives in order to (preserve, protect) the children.

  Preserve: to save something or someone from being harmed or destroyed(挽救正在被破坏,受害的人或物,另还有维持(和平),保存(食品)的意思)

  Protect: to keep someone or something safe from harm, damage, or illness(使人或物免于受到破坏,伤害)

  110. In the past year, quite a few (dormant, unimportant) women‘s organizations became active again.

  Dormant: not active or not growing at the present time but able to be active later(休眠状态的)

  Unimportant: not important

  111. The newspaper‘s (mistake, distortion) of the incident needs to be looked into.

  Mistake: something that has been done in the wrong way, or an opinion or statement that is incorrect

  Distortion: to report something in a way that is not completely true or correct

  112. The heroic deeds of the firefighters should be (glamorized, praised)。

  Glamorize: to make something seem more attractive than it really is

  Praise: to say that you admire and approve of someone or something, especially publicly

  113. She sensed (intrinsically, instinctively) that somebody is following her.

  Intrinsically: being part of the nature or character of someone or something(本质地)

  Instinctively: based on instinct and not involving thought(本能地)

  114. She is (occupied, preoccupied) with some urgent work and can‘t see you today.

  Be occupied with: busy doing something

  Be preoccupy with: thinking about something a lot, with the result that you do not pay attention to other things

  115. When the twins wear the same kind of clothes, they are almost (indistinct, indistinguishable)。

  Indistinct: an indistinct sound, image, or memory cannot be seen, heard, or remembered clearly(模糊的)

  Indistinguishable: things that are indistinguishable are so similar that you cannot see any difference between them

  116. The (instinctive, intrinsic) quality of a person is more important than his/her appearance.

  Instinctive: based on instinct and not involving thought(本能的)

  Intrinsic: being part of the nature or character of someone or something(本质的)

  117. (As long as, in so far as) human beings can‘t live completely and harmoniously, according to Huxley, men and women will never be beautiful.

  As long as:只要; In so far as: (formal) to the degree that (到…。的程度,在………范围内)

  118. They improved their pronunciation by (imitating, mimicing) their teacher.

  Imitate: to copy the way someone behaves, speaks, moves etc, especially in order to make people laugh

  Mimic: to copy the way someone speaks or behaves, especially in order to make people laugh

  119. The way in which TV can (affect, effect) a person‘s thinking should never be overlooked.

  Affect: to do something that produces an effect or change in something or in someone's situation

  Effect: to make something happen

  120. She said that she would (preserve, reserve) the right to take the issue to a higher authority.

  Preserve: SEE NO.109

  Reserve: (formal) if you reserve the right to do something, you will do it if you think it is necessary - used especially in notices or official documents

  121. That year he published his first book, which was a (spacious, huge) success.

  Spacious: a spacious house, room etc is large and has plenty of space to move around in

  Huge: extremely large in size, amount, or degree; enormous

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