11. It is impossible to sort out all the （squabbles， debates） among the children. Sometimes one just has to ignore them.
Squabbles： to argue about something unimportant
Debates： to discuss a subject formally when you are trying to make a decision or find a solution
12. It is such a （pitiful， sympathetic） sight to see the elderly people sitting on park benches， lonely and expressionless.
Pitiful： someone who is pitiful looks or sounds so sad and unfortunate that you feel very sorry for them（直接修饰人）
Sympathetic： caring and feeling sorry about someone's problems（可跟人或物或动作）
13. The party over， the guests gone， she looked at the empty rooms and sank into （anguish， melancholy）。
Anguish： mental or physical suffering caused by extreme pain or worry
Melancholy： a feeling of sadness for no particular reason
14. He （stumbled， tumbled） on the pavement and twisted his ankle.
Stumble： to walk in an unsteady way and often almost fall
Tumble： to fall down quickly and suddenly， especially with a rolling movement
15. What happened to them on the trip was a nightmare， which left them （unspeakably， pitifully） furious for weeks.
Unspeakably： unspeakable feelings are so extreme that it is impossible to describe them
Pitifully： very bad in quality（作副词只表示这个意思） （上述为形容词解释）
16. The vulgar commercial which followed broke the （spell， appeal） of the film.
Break the spell： to make someone stop paying all their attention to something， or to make a time stop feeling special
Appeal： an urgent request for something important（作为名词的其中一个意思）
17. His six-year experience gave him a big （advantage， strength） over the other applicants for the job.
Advantage： something that helps you to be more successful than others， or the state of having this
Strength： the physical power and energy that makes someone strong
18. These rules and regulations not only apply to the graduate students， but to the school （on the whole， as a whole）。
on the whole： used to say that something is generally true（大体上，基本上）
as a whole： used to say that all the parts of something are being considered together（从总体上来考虑）
19. We （met， encountered） a serious setback in the battle when our supplies were intercepted by the enemy.
Meet： to go to a place where someone will be at a particular time， according to an arrangement， so that you can talk or do something together
Encounter： to experience something， especially problems or opposition（遭遇）； to meet someone without planning to（偶遇）
20. I was very sick and was （confined to， limited to） bed for over two weeks.
Be confined to： to exist in or affect only a particular place or group（限制）
Be limited to： to exist or happen only in a particular place， group， or area of activity（限于）
21. The local newspaper gave an extensive （coverage， reporting） of the trial.
Coverage： when a subject or event is reported on television or radio， or in newspapers
Reporting： the activity of writing about news events for a newspaper or telling people about them on television or on the radio
22. The singer was fully （justifiable， justified） in suing the newspaper for slander.
Justifiable： actions， reactions， decisions etc that are justifiable are acceptable because they are done for good reasons
Justified： having an acceptable explanation or reason（be justified in doing固定搭配）
23. This magazine is intended to （attract， appeal to） millions of college students in China.
Attract： to make someone interested in something， or make them want to take part in something
Appeal to： if someone or something appeals to you， they seem attractive and interesting
24. Jamaica （functioned， worked） as a center of the American slave trade in the 18th century until the abolition of slavery in 1833.
Function as： if something functions as a particular thing， it does what that type of thing normally does， or is used as that thing（起某物的作用或功能）
Work： if something such as a fact， situation， or system works in a particular way， it has a particular effect on someone or something（起作用，不与as连用）
25. These underground pipes are （interrelated， interconnected）。
Interrelate： if two things interrelate， they are connected and have an effect on each other
Interconnected： if two systems， places etc are interconnected， or if they interconnect， they are joined together
26. Nuclear power is （inherently， naturally） both dangerous and powerful.
Inherently： a quality that is inherent in something is a natural part of it and cannot be separated from it
Naturally： use this to say that something is normal and not surprising