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自考“高级英语”近义词辨析题(9)

2007-06-04 10:10   【 】【我要纠错

  11. It is impossible to sort out all the (squabbles, debates) among the children. Sometimes one just has to ignore them.

  Squabbles: to argue about something unimportant

  Debates: to discuss a subject formally when you are trying to make a decision or find a solution

  12. It is such a (pitiful, sympathetic) sight to see the elderly people sitting on park benches, lonely and expressionless.

  Pitiful: someone who is pitiful looks or sounds so sad and unfortunate that you feel very sorry for them(直接修饰人)

  Sympathetic: caring and feeling sorry about someone's problems(可跟人或物或动作)

  13. The party over, the guests gone, she looked at the empty rooms and sank into (anguish, melancholy)。

  Anguish: mental or physical suffering caused by extreme pain or worry

  Melancholy: a feeling of sadness for no particular reason

  14. He (stumbled, tumbled) on the pavement and twisted his ankle.

  Stumble: to walk in an unsteady way and often almost fall

  Tumble: to fall down quickly and suddenly, especially with a rolling movement

  15. What happened to them on the trip was a nightmare, which left them (unspeakably, pitifully) furious for weeks.

  Unspeakably: unspeakable feelings are so extreme that it is impossible to describe them

  Pitifully: very bad in quality(作副词只表示这个意思) (上述为形容词解释)

  16. The vulgar commercial which followed broke the (spell, appeal) of the film.

  Break the spell: to make someone stop paying all their attention to something, or to make a time stop feeling special

  Appeal: an urgent request for something important(作为名词的其中一个意思)

  17. His six-year experience gave him a big (advantage, strength) over the other applicants for the job.

  Advantage: something that helps you to be more successful than others, or the state of having this

  Strength: the physical power and energy that makes someone strong

  18. These rules and regulations not only apply to the graduate students, but to the school (on the whole, as a whole)。

  on the whole: used to say that something is generally true(大体上,基本上)

  as a whole: used to say that all the parts of something are being considered together(从总体上来考虑)

  19. We (met, encountered) a serious setback in the battle when our supplies were intercepted by the enemy.

  Meet: to go to a place where someone will be at a particular time, according to an arrangement, so that you can talk or do something together

  Encounter: to experience something, especially problems or opposition(遭遇); to meet someone without planning to(偶遇)

  20. I was very sick and was (confined to, limited to) bed for over two weeks.

  Be confined to: to exist in or affect only a particular place or group(限制)

  Be limited to: to exist or happen only in a particular place, group, or area of activity(限于)

  21. The local newspaper gave an extensive (coverage, reporting) of the trial.

  Coverage: when a subject or event is reported on television or radio, or in newspapers

  Reporting: the activity of writing about news events for a newspaper or telling people about them on television or on the radio

  22. The singer was fully (justifiable, justified) in suing the newspaper for slander.

  Justifiable: actions, reactions, decisions etc that are justifiable are acceptable because they are done for good reasons

  Justified: having an acceptable explanation or reason(be justified in doing固定搭配)

  23. This magazine is intended to (attract, appeal to) millions of college students in China.

  Attract: to make someone interested in something, or make them want to take part in something

  Appeal to: if someone or something appeals to you, they seem attractive and interesting

  24. Jamaica (functioned, worked) as a center of the American slave trade in the 18th century until the abolition of slavery in 1833.

  Function as: if something functions as a particular thing, it does what that type of thing normally does, or is used as that thing(起某物的作用或功能)

  Work: if something such as a fact, situation, or system works in a particular way, it has a particular effect on someone or something(起作用,不与as连用)

  25. These underground pipes are (interrelated, interconnected)。

  Interrelate: if two things interrelate, they are connected and have an effect on each other

  Interconnected: if two systems, places etc are interconnected, or if they interconnect, they are joined together

  26. Nuclear power is (inherently, naturally) both dangerous and powerful.

  Inherently: a quality that is inherent in something is a natural part of it and cannot be separated from it

  Naturally: use this to say that something is normal and not surprising

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