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自考“高级英语”近义词辨析题(8)

2007-06-04 10:10   【 】【我要纠错

  122. The company is seeking to (recruit, register) young managers.

  Recruit: to find new people to work in a company, join an organization, do a job etc

  Register: to put someone's or something's name on an official list

  123. “Hong Kong Morning” is an (biographical, autobiographical) novel that depicts all types of people in Hong Kong and the author‘s own struggle with himself.

  Biographical: a book that tells what has happened in someone's life, written by someone else

  Autobiographical: a book in which someone writes about their own life, or books of this type

  124. He cut stone with a knife and (blunted, blurted) the edge.

  Blunt: to make the point of a pencil or the edge of a knife less sharp

  Blurt: to say something suddenly and without thinking, usually because you are nervous or excited

  125. The US economy is still growing at a spectacular (ratio, rate), but there are hidden problems with it.

  Ratio: a relationship between two amounts, represented by a pair of numbers showing how much bigger one amount is than the other

  Rate: the number of times something happens, or the number of examples of something within a certain period

  126. The parents received only $3000 as a (reward, compensation) for the loss of their son killed in a car crash.

  Reward: something that you get because you have done something good or helpful or have worked hard; prize; benefit

  Compensation: money paid to someone because they have suffered injury or loss, or because something they own has been damaged; 法律上叫damages

  127. The strength of domestic (demand, command) was the main engine of growth in both countries.

  Demand: the need or desire that people have for particular goods and services

  Command: an order that should be obeyed

  128. In order not to hurt her feelings, he just (played down, play along) with her suggestion, although it was not what he really wanted.

  Play down: to try to make something seem less important or less likely than it really is(淡化)

  Play along: to pretend to agree to do what someone wants, in order to avoid annoying them or to get an advantage(假意作某事)

  下册(共128题)

  1. It took him three years to pay off all the debts (occurred, incurred) by buying that new house.

  Occur: to happen

  Incur: if you incur a cost, debt, or a fine, you have to pay money because of something you have done, or you do not make money

  2. The boy gave an (ingenuous, ingenious) account of what had happened, concealing nothing.

  Ingenuous: an ingenuous person is simple, trusting, and honest, especially because they have not had much experience of life

  Ingenious: someone who is ingenious is very good at inventing things or at thinking of new ideas

  3. He gave such (implicit, explicit) instructions that everyone understood them.

  Implicit: suggested or understood without being stated directly

  Explicit: expressed in a way that is very clear and direct

  4. The two brothers (compliment, complement) each other; one is impulsive, the other, cautious.

  Compliment: to say something nice to someone in order to praise them

  Complement: to make a good combination with someone or something else(相辅相成,结合得很好)

  5. The little boy (stimulated, simulated) illness not to go to school.

  Stimulate: to encourage or help an activity to begin or develop further

  Simulate: to make or produce something that is not real but has the appearance or feeling of being real

  6. Sitting alone in his room, he (wondered, brooded) over his failure to get a job after a whole year of trying.

  Wonder: to think about something that you are not sure about and try to guess what is true, what will happen etc

  Brood: to keep thinking about something that you are worried or upset about

  7. She has had a (grudge, malice) against me ever since I turned down her unreasonable request.

  Grudge: a feeling of dislike for someone because you cannot forget that they harmed you in the past

  Malice: the desire to harm someone because you hate them

  8. After graduating from the business school, he went to work in a big corporation and proved to be quite a (shrewd, cunning) businessman.

  Shrewd: good at judging what people or situations are really like

  Cunning: someone who is cunning is clever and good at deceiving people in order to get what they want

  9. (Invariably, Unchangeably) strict with himself, he went over the accounts yet another time.

  Invariably: if something invariably happens or is invariably true, it always happens or is true

  Unchangeably: not likely to change, or changing often

  10. Many people are worried by what they think is (unaccustomed, undesirable) scenes on TV for the children.

  Unaccustomed: not used to something

  Undesirable: something or someone that is undesirable is not welcome or wanted because they may affect a

  Situation or person in a bad way

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