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自考“高级英语”近义词辨析题(2)

2007-06-04 10:02   【 】【我要纠错

  19. He thought their behavior was (contemptuous, contemptible), but he didn‘t say anything in front of the host.

  Contemptuous: showing that you think someone or something deserves no respect

  Contemptible: not deserving any respect at all

  20. Summoned by the boss, he approached his office full of (apprehension, distrust)。

  Apprehension: anxiety about the future, especially about dealing with something unpleasant or difficult; anxiety

  Distrust: a feeling that you cannot trust someone

  21. He was sincerely sorry for what happened at the party, so people accepted his (excuse, apology)。

  Excuse: a reason that you give to explain careless or offensive behavior; a reason that you invent to explain an action and to hide your real intentions

  Apology: something that you say or write to show that you are sorry for doing something wrong

  22. They were walking in the forest when they heard a (terrifying, terrific) roar, which made their blood freeze.

  Terrifying: extremely frightening

  Terrific: (informal) very good, especially in a way that makes you feel happy and excited;

  very large in size or degree(在尺寸和程度上很大)

  23. Obviously they were getting nowhere with the meeting, so he decided to (desist, resist) from making a final decision that afternoon.

  Desist: (formal) to stop doing something (跟from搭配)

  Resist: to stop yourself from having something that you like very much or doing something that you want to do

  (后面直接加动名词)

  24. “How can you say that you don‘t want to see your grandmother” the fatter (admonished, coaxed)。

  Admonish, coax: see number 18

  25. The warrior managed to (evade, dodge) the arrow that came flying through the air.

  Evade: to avoid talking about something, especially because you are trying to hide something(避而不谈); to escape from someone who is trying to catch you(逃避)

  Dodge: to move quickly to avoid someone or something

  26. They speaker‘s last few words were (drowned out, stopped) by the audience’s thunderous applauses.

  Drown out: if a loud noise drowns out another sound, it prevents it from being heard

  Stop: prevent, not continue

  27. Would I be (intruding, invading) if I joined in your discussion?

  Intrude: to interrupt someone or become involved in his or her private affairs in an annoying and unwanted way

  Invade: to enter a country, town, or area using military force, in order to take control of it

  28. The (omission, exclusion) of a full stop at the end of the sentence is a deliberate act by the writer.

  Omission: when you do not include or do not do something

  Exclusion: when someone is not allowed to take part in something or enter a place

  29. The newly-recruited soldiers swore an (oath, promise) of loyalty to their country

  Oath: a formal and very serious promise

  Promise: to tell someone that you will definitely do or provide something or that something will happen

  30. The suspect was accused of (preventing, withholding) some important evidence from the court.

  Prevent: to stop something from happening, or stop someone from doing something

  Withhold: to refuse to give someone something(隐瞒)

  31. Whether or not he is the best person for the promotion is (debatable, arguable)。

  Debatable: things that are debatable are not certain because people have different opinions about them

  Arguable: not certain, or not definitely true or correct, and therefore easy to doubt

  32. He has established himself as a (credible, believable) businessman.

  Credible: deserving or able to be believed or trusted(可形容人或事)

  Believable: something that is believable can be believed because it seems possible, likely, or real(只能形容事)

  33. His story of having discovered the treasure buried by some pirates seemed (incredible, incredulous) to everyone

  Incredible: too strange to be believed or very difficult to believe

  Incredulous: unable or unwilling to believe something

  34. “But the piano is out of (tone, tune)”, she said in a disappointed (tone, tune)。

  Tone: the way your voice sounds, which shows how you are feeling or what you mean

  Tune: a series of musical notes that are played or sung and are nice to listen to

  35. Her friends expressed great (sympathy, empathy) to her when her mother died.

  Sympathy: the feeling of being sorry for someone who is in a bad situation(表具体)

  Empathy: the ability to understand other people's feelings and problems(表抽象)

  36. They are now enjoying a short (vocation, vacation) at the seashore.

  Vocation: the feeling that the purpose of your life is to do a particular type of work, especially because it allows you to help other people(尤指一种能够帮助他人的职业,比如说教师等)

  Vacation: a holiday, or time spent not working

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