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自考“高级英语”近义词辨析题(12)

2007-06-04 10:10   【 】【我要纠错

  59. We (contribute, attribute) Edison‘s success to intelligence and hard work.

  Contribute: to give money, help, ideas etc to something that a lot of other people are also involved in

  Attribute: to believe or say that a situation or event is caused by something

  60. A wise man (preserves, reserves) some money for use in rainy days.

  Preserve: =save

  Reserve: to keep part of something for use at a later time during a process - used especially when describing how to cook something

  61. The reckless driver got his just (deserts, desserts) when his driver‘s license was suspended.

  Desert: a place where there is no activity or where nothing interesting happens

  Dessert: sweet food served after the main part of a meal

  62. The captain (demanded, commanded) the soldiers to fire.

  Demand: to ask for something very firmly, especially because you think you have a right to do this

  Command: to tell someone officially to do something, especially if you are a military leader, a king etc

  63. The photos sent back from the satellite support the (theory, hypothesis) that possibly there is life on Mars.

  Theory: an idea or set of ideas that is intended to explain something about life or the world, especially an idea that has not yet been proved to be true

  Hypothesis: an idea that is suggested as an explanation for something, but that has not yet been proved to be true

  64. There is some (resemblance, similarity) between the accounts of the fire, but all the important details are different.

  Resemblance: if there is a resemblance between two people or things, they are similar, especially in the way they look(强调某一方面是相似的)

  Similarity: if there is a similarity between two things or people, they are similar in some way(强调某几方面是相似的)

  65. Western businessmen come in (droves, groups) to invest in light industry in China.

  Droves:

  Groups: several people or things that are all together in the same place

  66. The assassination of Martin Luther King did not quench the civil rights movement. It made the black leaders more (warlike, militant)。

  Warlike: liking war and being skilful in it(作好战斗准备的)

  Militant: a militant organization or person is willing to use strong or violent action in order to achieve political or social change(好战的)

  67. It is not (customary, habitual) in South China to eat dumplings on Lunar New Year‘s Eve.

  Customary: something that is customary is normal because it is the way something is usually done; usual

  Habitual: done as a habit that you cannot stop

  68. These certificates and awards are enough to (prove, qualify) him as an excellent engineer.

  Prove: to show that something is true by providing facts, information etc; proof

  Qualify: if something qualifies you to do something, you have the necessary skills, knowledge, and ability etc to do it

  69. The boss (demonstrated, manifested) a total indifference to the safety of the workers.

  Demonstrate: to show or prove something clearly

  Manifest: to show a feeling, attitude etc

  70. Just (follow, obey) his instructions and you will succeed.

  Follow: to do something in the way that someone has told or advised you to do it

  Obey: to do what someone in authority tells you to do, or what a law or rule says you must do

  71. The commander-in-chief (was thinking of, was reflecting on) a massive frontal attack against the enemy.

  Be thinking of: to use your mind to solve something, decide something, imagine something etc

  Be reflecting on: to think carefully about something, or to say something that you have been thinking about

  Frontal attack: a direct attack on the front of an army

  72. It is a (regrettable, regretful) fact that our health declines, as we grow old.

  Regrettable: something that is regrettable is unpleasant, and you wish things could be different

  Regretful: someone who is regretful feels sorry or disappointed

  73. China has the ability to pay off the debts (incurred, occurred) in acquiring foreign technology.

  Incurred: Occurred: See No: 1

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