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自考“高级英语”学习指导(3)

2007-02-13 16:53   【 】【我要纠错

  这里是一些从以往试卷里挑选的题目:

  There are 15 sentences with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (1 point each, 15 points)

  1.“Oh, no!” he said quickly, smiling at her out of that unfailing _____of contrition — a sort of chivalry.

  2.At last, with the Vietnam War, Americans are beginning to realize that they are

  _____ original sin as much as Europeans are.

  3.The value of snobbery in general, its humanistic “point”, consists in its power to

  _____ activity.

  4.It is not altogether easy to decide what is the _____ of the love of excitement.

  5.The American dream promised older people that if they worked hard enough all their lives, things would _____ well for them.

  6.I believe that over a period of decades newspapers have become a habit a function.

  7.Her time was_____, but she continued to sit by the window, leaning her head against the window curtain, inhaling the odour of dusty cretonne.

  8.They are always on trial, always on the _____ of failure, collectively and individually.

  9. From the start of that campaign, I faced ________ hostility because of my sex.

  10. A beautiful woman came along and ________ her bunch of violets, and a little boy ran after to hand them to her, and she took them and threw them away as if they‘d been poisoned.

  11. Words mean more than what is set down on paper. It takes the human voice to ________ them with the shades of deeper meaning.

  12. If it be true that our thoughts and mental images are perfectly ________ things, like our books and pictures, to the inhabitants of the next world, then I am making for myself a better reputation there than I am in this place.

  13. Although I had to search, and did search, for the right words, I seemed to be making this descriptive effort almost against my will, under a kind of ________ from outside.

  14. ________ a man does not have to work so hard as to impair his vigor he is likely to find more zest in his free time than an idle man could possibly find.

  15. And so we are suddenly ________ a sickening situation in this country.

  A. undisguised B. tangible C. stimulate D. verge

  E. infuse F. compulsion G. ridge H. dropped

  I. faced with J. screened K. escalated into L. provided

  M. vanguard N. root cause O. rather than P. subject to

  Q. turn up R. retrenching S. increased T. retaining

  U. turn out V. pretending W. reason X. impulse

  答案:

  1. X 2. P 3. C 4. N 5. U

  6. O 7.D 8. V 9. A 10. H

  11. E 12. B 13. F 14. L 15. I

  4.选题

  考核学生对词义的正确理解,学生根据上下文选择正确答案勾出。

  Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence.

  1.The burn needs a (an) ([A] application, [B] treatment) of ointment three times a day, or it will get infected.

  2.Porters laden with heavy bags were now ([A] walking, [B] Working) their way slowly across a rope bridge.

  3.The ([A] studied, [B] learned) casualness of the stranger‘s manner put us on guard immediately.

  4.This pretty girl seems to have plenty of confidence, but appearances are sometimes ([A] deceptive, [B] deceitful)。

  5.To get ([A] permitted, [B] admitted) to the university, a student must have good results from the junior college.

  6.Some plants are very ([A] sensible, [B] sensitive) to light; they prefer the shade.

  7. As the living standard improves, the (A. span, B. length) of life is getting longer and longer.

  8. The poor emperor was forced by the usurper to (A. abandon, B. abdicate)。

  9. I find it difficult to operate this computer. Can you (A. demonstrate, B. exemplify) it for me?

  10. The formal declaration of the news went four (A. documents, B. drafts) before it was submitted to the conference.

  11. I had a fantastic (A. stretch, B. stroke) of luck last weekend. I picked up a genuine Stradivarius violin for only $20.

  12. In the A-series football match, AC-Milan (A. beat, B. defended) all the other teams and became the champion as expected.

  13. Some people watch television so much that they cannot (A. conceive, B. imagine) of living without it.

  14. Filled with great (A. adulation, B. admiration) for their integrity and courage, he was determined to be a man like them.

  15. The professor looked over our papers with a hasty (A. sight, B. glance)。

  16. He was born in a small town (A. lived, B. inhabited) by about 1,500 people.

  17. Mary made one last (A. attraction, B. appeal) to her father for permission to go to the party.

  18. The old man thought their behavior was (A. contemptible, B. contemptuous), but he didn‘t say anything in front of the hostess.

  答案:

  1. A 2. B 3. A 4. A 5. B 6. B

  7. A 8. B 9. A 10. B 11. B 12. A

  13. A 14. B 15. B 16. B 17. B 18. A

  解析(限于篇幅只分析13-18题):

  这一部分主要检查学员对同、近义词的区分与应用。

  13题区分A. conceive, B. imagine:都有“想象”的意思。imagine 表达“想象, 设想, 幻想”时,是及物动词, conceive 表达“想象;构想;设想”(常与by连用)。故此题选择A.

  14题区分A. adulation, B. admiration:两词都有“对别人表达好意”之义,但前者表示“谄媚, 奉承”之意,有贬义;后者则有“赞美;钦佩;赞赏”之意,故答案为B.

  15题区分A. sight, B. glance:都有“看”的意思。glance更有“匆匆一看”的意思,结合该句填空处前面一词 “hasty (匆忙的)”,我们可以断定应选择B.

  16题区分A. lived, B. inhabited:都有“住”的意思。live作及物动词有“过着, 度过, 经历”之意,作不及物动词才有“活着, 生活, 居住”之意, inhabit有“居住; 栖息; 占据”,常作及物动词,且常用于被动语态。根据题意,应选择B.

  17题区分A. attraction, B. appeal:都有“吸引,招人喜欢”的意思。attraction是“吸引; 吸引力”的意思; , appeal除了有“吸引力”之意,还有“请求, 呼吁, 要求”的意思。这句话中明显要求是后一个意思,故答案应选B.

  18题区分A. contemptible, B. contemptuous:都有“瞧不起的”之意。contemptible是“可鄙的, 下贱的, 不齿的, 可轻视的”之意;contemptuous为“轻蔑的, 目空一切的, 傲慢的”。前这表达被别人瞧不起,后者是瞧不起别人。故选择A.

本文转载链接:自考“高级英语”学习指导(3)

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