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自考“高级英语”笔记(8)

2007-02-13 16:22   【 】【我要纠错

  Lesson Nine:the trouble with TV

  1. A. prominent anchorman warns of TV''s adverse effect on America''s culture.

  a. prominent :outstanding ,easily seen,important,distinguished 突出的,显著的,重要的,杰出的:a prominent position / writer显赫的地位,著名作家。

  acquire / gain prominence 出人头地。

  b. anchorman : (广播,电视)(新闻,体育等节目的)主持人。

  c. adverse : unfavorable , contrary 不利的,负面的。

  如:adverse circumstances逆境; adverse effect负面影响; a theory adverse to the facts与事实相反的理论。

  developments adverse to our interests与我们的利益相反的发展。

  adversary :(竞争中的)对手。

  2. if you fit the statistical averages , ……假若你处于平均数……

  如;on an (the) average 平均起来,一般来说:

  On (an) the average , I finish reading a book three weeks .一般而言,我平均三星期读完一本书。

  He smoked about ten cigarettes a day on an average. 他平均一天抽十根香烟。

  3. (be) exposed to : lay open to 使暴露于……

  如:Don''t expose children to ill effects of the Internet .不要让孩子受因特网的负面影响。

  Her youth and beauty could expose her to danger .她的年轻美貌可能为她招致危险。

  如;Exposure: n.

  He threatened me with public exposure .他威胁我要把我曝光。

  Much exposure to different cultures is part and parcel of education .大量接触不同文化是教育的主要组成部分。

  4. …… it discourages concentration.

  Discourage (prevent) ******************. from ……使……放弃

  如;The bad weather discouraged them from going out for the picnic .恶劣的天气使他们放弃外出野炊的计划。

  It is discouraging that ……很扫兴,……

  dis 加在名词,形容词,动词上,表示否定。

  如;able - disable使残废;disassociation分离;discharge放电;discontinue中断;disease疾病(由“不舒适”转危而来)

  5. rewarding : affording satisfaction or valuable experience ; affording material gain有价值的,有益的。

  如:a rewarding experience (effort)有益的经验(尝试)。

  6. applied effort :拼命努力

  apply oneself to 努力进行,致力于。

  如:It''s hard to apply yourself to some dull work .无聊的工作很难专心致志地干。

  He applied himself to serious studies .他专心致志进行严肃的研究。

  7. The dullest , the least gifted of (最没有天赋的)can achieve things that seem miraculous ……

  a. dull : slow - witted 愚钝的

  b. miraculous 奇迹般地,不可思议的。另如:work ( accomplish ) a miracle创造一个奇迹。

  8. divert : turn in another direction使转向; amuse , entertain娱乐,消遣。

  如:Nothing could divert his attention from his book .没有什么能转移他读书的注意力。

  The traffic was diverted onto a side road. 交通被引导到旁边的小路。

  9. lead : action of guiding or giving an example 领引,率先。

  如:take the lead领先; follow ******************''s lead效法某人; gain the lead占居首位。

  10. perpetual : never-ending永久的。如; perpetual chatter喋喋不休; perpetual motion 永恒运动。

  11. usurp : to seize and hold by force or without legal right 篡夺,霸占,强夺篡权。

  如:The assistant began to usurp his boss''s authority .助手开始篡夺老板的权力。

  The duke attempted to usurp the throne. 公爵试图篡夺王位。

  12. surrender (oneself ) to : to give ( oneself ) up to some influence , course , etc.沉溺于;沉迷于。

  如:He surrendered to despair ( grief ) .他沉溺于绝望(悲伤)。

  He surrendered himself to a life of pleasure. 他沉迷于享乐。

  13. The surest way to do sth. is ……做某事的最可靠的方法是……

  如:The surest way to succeed is to work hard.取得成功最可靠的方法是努力工作。

  14. To strain the attention of

  strain : make excessive demands upon使劲用,因过度使用而伤害。

  如:strain oneself竭尽全力,劳累过度。

  He strained his voice to be heard above the noise周围太吵,他强拉嗓子大喊,人们才听得见他。

  He strained every muscle to life the box. 他用尽所有力气举起箱子。

  15. inherent in : existing as a permanent part or quality that cannot be taken out固有的,与生具有的。

  如:A love of peace is inherent in human nature .热爱和平是人固有的本性。

  16. …… had bequeathed to us tables of stone commanding that……

  a. bequeath :hand down ,pass on传给后代;to dispose of property or money by means of will立遗嘱赠与……

  如:I bequeath all my worldly goods to my wife .我将我所有的财产赠与我的妻子。

  One age bequeaths its civilization to the next. 一个时代将其文明留给下一个时代。

  b. tablets of stone 石碑。

  17. Package: vt. to combine or offer as a single unit 把作为整体提出或推销。Adj. 一揽子。

  如:a package tour由旅行社代办一切的旅行;

  package deal 整批交易。

  18. pervade : become spread throughout all parts of弥漫

  如:The smell of coffee pervaded the air .咖啡的气味弥漫在空中。

  Practical ideas pervaded the whole land. 整个国家弥漫着实际的思想。

  19. It tends to make things ultimately boring and dismissible……

  a. ultimate :furthest or farthest最远的。如:an ultimate destination最终目的地。decisive ,conclusive决定性的。如:the ultimate authority最终权威。final ,total总数。如:the ultimate cost 最终成本。

  b. dismiss : put aside from consideration 驱除。

  如:He dismissed the idea for it was just too impractical .他排除了这个观点,因为那太不合实际了。

  20. A substitute for ……: a person or thing serving in place of another 替代。

  如:Guess work is no substitute for investigation .猜测不能代替调查。

  A substitute was sent in when one of the star players was injured. 一位主角受伤了,就派来了一位替身。

  substitute for :代替。

  如:Who will substitute for you if you are ill 如果你病了,谁替你

  21. (Come) fall short of: to fail to reach a standard, level, etc. 没达到, 赶不上。

  如:His income may fall short of his needs .他的收入达不到他的需求。

  The result fell short of our expectations. 结果大失我们所望。

  22. wholesale : in large amounts or on a large scale 大量地,不分青红皂白地。

  如:The company fired people wholesale last year .公司去年大规模裁员。

  wholesale批发 - retail零售。

本文转载链接:自考“高级英语”笔记(8)

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