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2007-02-13 16:18   【 】【我要纠错

  Lesson Three:the use of force

  1. startle: to disturb suddenly as surprise 惊吓。

  如: starling news/s startling discovery (disturbing, frightening) 令人震惊的新闻/发现

  He startled us when he slammed the door so loudly. 他砰的一声把门关上,让我们大吃一惊。

  The noise startled me out of my sleep. 喧哗之声把我从梦中惊醒。

  2. a. motion: to make a motion or gesture, as with the hand (用手等) 作示意。

  如: He motioned me to sit down. 他向我作了个手势,让我坐下。

  b. look over : examine, esp. briefly 检查。

  如: I will look over your paper soon. 我很快会看一下你的论文。

  We looked over several new models before deciding.我们看过了几种新的模型之后才做了决定。

  He asked my age, height, weight and marriage status, and then looked me over . 他询问了我的年


  3. Eye **. up and down 上下仔细打量。

  如They eyed the stranger up and down . 他们对那陌生人仔细上下打量了一番。

  4. Be up to ***. to do sth. : be one's responsibility to do sth. 由……负责做……

  如:It's up to you to break the news to him. 应该由你向他透露这条消息。

  It's up to them to make the change. 应该由他们作这个变化。

  5. in profusion : a great amount quantity ( of something ) 充足。

  如; a great profusion of colors = colors in rich profusion 五颜六色

  Profuse: adj. generous, lavish 丰富。

  如:The critics were profuse in their praise of the new novel. 批评家慷慨地赞扬了那部小说。

  He was profuse in his thanks for the help. 他盛情感激他的帮助。

  Be profuse with one's money 花钱大手大脚。

  6. a sore throat:喉咙痛, sore ; Physically painful or sensitive, such as a wound or diseased part

  疼痛 如I'm sore all over from the heavy work I did yesterday . 昨天干了一天重活,全身上下都痛了。

  7. in my best professional manner : 以我最好的职业方式;

  manner : a way of doing things 做事情的方式。

  manner : courtesy 礼貌。

  如good manner 有礼貌。

  It's bad manner to speak with your mouth full. 嘴巴里满满的对人说话是不礼貌的。

  8. coax : attempt to influence by gentle persuasion 哄骗。

  如He tried to coax the secret from me . 他试图哄骗我说出秘方。

  9. on the chance : counting on the slight possibility 怀着希望,也许可能。

  on the off chance :抱着微弱的希望。

  如; She applied on the off chance. 她抱着微弱的希望作了申请。

  He offered the information on the chance that it might prove useful. 他提供了信息,指望能有所帮助。

  10. admonish : to warn or caution gently , to report mildly 训诫。

  如; Admonish ******. against sth. 劝诫…… 提防…… : The teacher admonished us against being late.

  (= us not to be late.) 老师训教我们不要迟到。

  He admonished him of the need for sincerity.他警告我为人必须真诚。

  11. a. savage: mercilessly cruel, uncivilized, wild 野蛮的。

  如: a savage attack on 野蛮攻击 ; a savage lion 野蛮的狮子 : savage manners 野蛮的态度

  savage scenery 残酷的场面。

  12. a. ensues: follow as a consequence 跟随, 紧跟。

  如: After the heavy rains, floods ensued. 大雨之后紧跟着发了洪水。

  during the ensuing months / in the ensuing year 随后的几个月/年;

  the war and the ensuing disorder 战争以及随后紧跟着的混乱。

  b. abject : humiliating and wretched; contemptible and despicable 可怜,可鄙的。

  如: an abject apology 低声下气的道歉。

  a. crushed : subdued 压服。

  13. a. agony: extreme and prolonged suffering 极大的痛苦。

  如: in agony 处于痛苦之中;pile up the agony 苦上加苦;in an agony of joy 悲喜交加。

  b. apprehension ; uneasiness and fear 恐惧,担心。

  如: feel (show ) apprehensions for the safety (failure) 对安全(失败)感到(显得)很担心。

  14. let go of 松开,放开。

  如: He let go of the rope. 他放开了绳子。

  15. clench : close tightly 紧紧抓住。

  如: He clenched the cigar in his teeth. 他用牙齿紧紧夹住香烟。

  He clenched his fists in frustrations. 他沮丧地紧握拳头。

  with clenched teeth 咬紧牙关。

  16. a. desists: to cease, such as from some action 停止。

  如; The company was forced to desist from false advertising. 公司被迫停止虚假广告。

  They desisted from evil ways. 他们停止为非作歹。

  b. “ should + 不定式完成体” 在这里所表示的是一种非真实情况, 表达了作者一种遗憾的感情色彩。

  如: I should have come earlier. 我本该早点来。

  He should have taken my advice. 他本应接受我的建议。

  17. a. neglect=negligence 疏忽

  neglect : pay no attention or too little attention to 不(够)重视,注意。

  如; You shouldn't neglect your health. 你不应该忽视自己的健康。

  Benign neglect 善意的疏忽;total neglect 完全疏忽;parental neglect 养子不教。

  b. case : the actual state of things 情况。

  如; If that's the case, you'd better give it up. 如果情况确实如此, 你最好放弃。

  18. go at assault ; begin or proceed vigorously 攻击,开始,进发。

  如; The tow cocks are going at each other. 两个公鸡互相争斗。

  The students tend to go at their studies before the examination .学生一般会在考试前才开始学习。

  19. beyond reason 没有理由。 beyond : outside the limits of ……超出……范围。

  如: beyond human power 超出人力所能为;beyond human endurance 让人无法忍受;

  beyond description 难以形容。

  20. overpower : 1) overcome (someone or something ) by superior force 压倒,制服

  2) affect or impress deeply or powerfully 使……无法忍受。

  be overpowered by heat (grief) 炎热(悲痛)难忍。


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