您的位置:自考365 > 复习指导 > 笔记串讲 > 文学 > 英语国家概况 > 07年自考“英语国家概况”资料(1)

07年自考“英语国家概况”资料(1)

2007-05-22 14:41   【 】【我要纠错

  英语国家概况》考核目标

  一、英国部分

  1.Land and People

  Different names for Britain and its parts

  2.Origins of the Nation

  Arrival and settlement of the Celts

  Basis of modern English race: the Anglo-Saxons

  The Viking and Danish invasions

  King Alfred and his contributions

  The Norman Conquest and its consequences

  3.Shaping of the Nation

  England's feudalism under the rule of William the Conqueror

  Contents and the significance of the Great Charter

  Origins of the English Parliament

  The Hundred Years' War with France and its consequences

  Consequences of the Black Death

  4. Transition to the Modern Age

  The nature and consequences of the Wars of the Roses

  Henry VIII and the English Reformation

  Elizabeth I and Parliament

  Elizabeth's religious reform and her foreign policy

  Distinctive features of the English Renaissance

  The Civil Wars and their consequences

  The Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell

  The Restoration and Glorious Revolution

  5. Rise and Fall of the British Empire

  Whigs and Tories

  Agricultural changes in the late 18th century

  The English Industrial Revolution and its impact on the development of Britain

  The Chartist Movement and its consequences

  The building of the British Empire

  Britain and the First World War

  Britain and the Second World War

  Postwar Britain

  Thatcherism

  6. Government and Administration

  The British Constitution

  Constitutional Monarchy in Britain

  The British Parliament and its functions

  The British government

  7.Social Affairs

  Religion in British society

  Festivals and public holidays in Britain

  8.Cultural Affairs

  The education system in Britain

  The college system and the tutorial system

  Quality papers and popular papers

  The BBC and its programs

  Sports in Britain

  Major forms of art in Britain

  二、美国部分

  1. Population, Race and Ethnic Groups

  Characteristics of the American population

  Black people and the Civil Rights Movement

  2.American History (1600-1900)

  The 'discovery' of the New World

  Causes of the colonization of the New World

  The original 13 colonies

  The American War of Independence and its consequences

  Establishment of a federal form of government

  Consequences of territorial expansion and the Westward Movement

  The American Civil War and its impact on the development of the U.S

  Rapid growth of capitalism after the Civil War

  3. American History (1900-1945)

  Economies growth in the early 20th century

  Progressivism and some of the reform efforts

  Role of the U.S. in WWI

  Characteristics of the 1920s

  Effects of the Great Depression on American society

  Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal

  America in WWII

  4. America in Postwar Era (1945-1980)

  Origins of the Cold War

  The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

  Effects of McCarthyism of on American society

  The postwar boom in the U.S

  U.S. China relations (1949-1972)

  The New Right and their Program

  5. The U.S. Economy

  Factors that contribute to the fast growth of the economy

  Characteristics of the U.S. economy

  The importance of foreign trade

  Problems facing the U.S. economy

  6. Political Institutions

  A workable form of government under the Constitution

  Separation of powers with checks and balances under the Constitution

  Safeguards for individual liberty under the Constitution

  Powers of the American President

  Powers of the House of Representatives

  Powers of the Senate

  The judicial system

  The two-party system and the characteristics of the two major parties

  7. Education

  Characteristics of American education

  Elementary and secondary education in the U.S.

  Different types of colleges and universities

  The admission system in U.S. universities

  The role of the community college

  Continuing education

  Education reform in the 1980s and early 1990s

  8.Literature

  Major American writers and their works

  Harlem Renaissance and black writing in American literature

  9.Holidays and Festivals

  New Year's Day celebration in the U.S.

  Practices of Valentine's Day

  Easter in the U.S.

  Independence Day

  Halloween

  Thanksgiving Day

  Christmas

  三、加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰和爱尔兰部分

  1. Canada

  Canada's geography and history

  Canada's geographical features

  Geographical regions and their characteristics

  The European discovery of Canada

  The rivalry between the British and the French

  Self-government and the founding of the Confederation

  2. Australia

  Australia's geographical features

  Australia's geographical structure

  Factors that affect Australia's climate

  Composition of Australia's population

  Australia's built environment

  Political divisions in Australia

  3. New Zealand

  New Zealand's geography

  Characteristics of New Zealand's climate

  Native plants and animals

  Historical background of New Zealand

  The Treaty of Waitangi 1840

  Characteristics of Maori culture(Maoritanga)

  4. Ireland

  Ireland's geographical features

  Climate in Ireland

  Ethnic composition of Ireland

  Languages in Ireland

  Irish Catholicism

  Conflict between the English and the Irish

  The issue of Northern Ireland

本文转载链接:07年自考“英语国家概况”资料(1)

分享到:
  • 站内搜索
  • 课程搜索
  • 试题搜索

热门搜索:教材 报名 查分 免考 考试计划