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新版“英语国家概况”串讲200题1

2007-04-04 13:48   【 】【我要纠错

  1Choose the best answer for each of the question below

  1The Commonwealth Wealth of Nations is a free association of independent countries and other

  political units_____________.

  Athat have lived under British law and government

  Bthat have a large number of British immigrants

  Cthat have close felations with Britain

  Dthat have fought on the side of Britain in the two world wars

  2The Celtsreligion was_____________

  ABuddhism BIslam CDruidism DChristianity

  3The Danelaw refers to the________of England

  Asouth and west Bsouth and east Cnorth and east Dnorth and west

  4Christianity was brought to Britain__________

  Adirectly by the Roman priests Bdirectly by traders and soldiers

  Cdirectly by the Pope Dindirectly by trader and soldiers

  5__________became the overlord of all the English.

  AOffa BEdgbert CVortigen DHengist

  6__________became the first Archbishop of Canterbury

  AColumba BEgbert CStAugustine DOffa

  7Most of the lana belonging to the Saxons was confiscated by William and given to________ the Danes Bthe Irish Cthe Scots Dthe Norman Barons

  8The Norwegian Vikings and the Danes captured Yorkan important center of Christianity in

  __________________A835 B867 D876 D878

  9Magna Cater was proposed by the barons led by___________against King John in 1215A Simon de Montfort BLangton CWat Tyler DJack Straw

  10The first Prince of Wales was__________who was bestowed the title in 1300

  AEdward I BCharles I CEdward II DJames II

  11___________and his followers translated the entire Bible into English

  AMartin Luther BJohn Calvin CJohn Ball Djohn Wycliffe

  12The Doomsday Book was completed in__________

  A1083 B1084 C1085 D1086

  13_________the first king of the Plantagenet Dynasty and ruled English for 35 years

  AHenru I BKing Stephen CHenry II DCount of Anjou

  14_________established the King as the most important leader of the Church of England and thus

  displaced the sovereign of the Pope

  AThe Provisions of oxford BThe Act of succession

  CThe Act of Supremacy DThe Act of Supremacy

  15The English Renaissance was usually thought of as beginning with thC accession of

  _____________to the throne

  AThe House of Lancaster BThe House of Plantagenet

  CThE Housr of Tudor DThe House of Stuart

  16King John was forced to put his seal to Magna Carter__________

  Aon July 9,1215 BJune 19.1215 CJune 14,1381 DJuly 15,1318

  17The spirit of Magna Carter was__________.

  AA limitation of the powers of the king Bthe foundation of English liberties

  Ca limitation of the powers of the barons Dan expansion of the powers of tie king

  18Kiny Henry III was defeated by the barons led by Simon de Montfort at the battle of Lewes in

  AMay, 1263 BMay, 1264 CJune 1265 DMay, 1265

  19___________declsred a war on France that was to last a hundred years

  AHenry III BEdward III CHenry DHenry VII

  20The name Wars of the Roses wasin fact coined by the great 19th century novelist

  ASir Walter Raleigh BJakob Burckhardt CSir Walter Scott DGuy Fawks

  21When Edward the Confessor died__________was chosen by the Witan as king of England

  Athe King of Norway BHarold GodwinsonEarl of Wessex

  CEdgerEdwards nephew DTostigthe deposed earl of Northumbria

  22WilliamDuke of Normandy, fought King Harold of England at the Battle of Hastings in

  A1065 B1066 C1067 D1068

  23William won the Battle of HastingsLater, on______he was crowned king of England by

  AEaster DayArchbishop of Canterbury BStAndrews DayArchbishop of York

  CChristmas DayArchbishop of York DBoxing DayArchbishop of Canterbury

  24At the bottom of the feudal scale were the_________who were little better than slavesA

  lesser nobles Bfreemen cvilleins Dbarons

  25Williams Grand Council Was held three times a year in the following places except___________.

  AWinchester BWestminster CManchester DGloucester

  26Henry II divided the country into_________circuits and appointed traveling judges to each of them

  Afive Bsix Cseven Deight

  27Simon de Monfort summoned in_________the Great Council to meet at Westminstertogether with two knights from each county and two burgesses from each town

  A1162 B1164 C1248 D1265

  28During the reign of_________Wales was brought under English rule

  AHenty III BEdward I CEdward II DEdward IV

  29_________brought the first conflict between King Henry II and Thomas Becket

  AThe issue of the Constitutions of Clarendon BThe issue of the exile

  CThe trial of a clergyman of Bedford DThe appointment of the Lord Chancellor

  30_________was recognized to the French throne in 1420

  AHenry III BEdward III CHenry V DHenry VII

  31By 1453______was the only part of France that was still in the hands of the English A

  Poitiers BSluys CCalais DArgencourt

  32In 1351 the English government issue a________which made it a crime for peasants to ask for wages or for employers to pay more than the rates laid down by the Justices of PeaceA

  Statute of Laws BStatute of Government

  CStatute of Laborers DStatute of Lands

  33The name of the Wars of the Roses was, in factcoined by the great 19th century novelist _________ ACharles Dickens BGeorge Elliot

  CSir Walter Scott DCharlotte Bronte

  34Henry VIII declared himself supreme Head of the Church of England in_______

  35The Renaissance began in northern Italy in the_______century, and was typified by the universal genius of Lenardo Da Vinci

  A11th B12th C13th D14th

  36The English Renaissance is said to have begun in_______.

  A1422 B1478 C1485 D1495

  37The Great Civil War, as it became knownlasted from______until 1646

  A1639 B1640 C1641 D1642

  38After the RestoratIonParliament passed a series of severe laws called______against the Puritansnow known as Nonconformists

  AAgreement of the People Bthe Petition of the Right

  Cthe Clarendon Code Dthe Act of Supremacy

  39. Land enclosure was a disaster for the_________evicted from their land by the enclosures. A.

  landlord Btenants C. farmers Dwage laborers

  40. Which of the following is Not considered a characteristic of farming in the late 18th and early

  19th centuries?

  A. use of artificial fertilizer B. introduction of new agriculture machinery

  CThe \“open-field\” system D. a system of crop rotation

  41. In England no females were allowed to vote in national elections before______.

  A. 1918 B. 1920 C. 1928 D. 1945

  42. In 1836 a group of_______and small shopkeepers formed the London Working Men's Association.

  A. householders B. tenants C. skilled workers D. office workers

  43. The six points of the People's Charter were achieved gradually over the period of_______, although the sixth has never been practical.

  A. 1836-1848 B. 1842-1848 C. 1848-1908 D. 1858-1918

  44. Thanks to the militant feminist movement of the______led by Mrs. Pankhurst before the First World War, votes were granted to women over 30 in 1918. A. Luddites B. Suffragettes C. Chartists D. Levellers

  45. Parliament passed the Combination Acts of 1799-1800 to forbid the formation of______. A. a new government B. societies C. communes D. unions

  46. The Blitz radically changed the face of London for the first time since_______nearly 3 centuries earlier.

  A. the Black Death B. The Great Fire C. the Civil War D. the Great Plague

  47. The foundations of______was laid in the late 1940s, providing free medical care for everyone and financial help for the old, the sick and the unemployed.

  A. the welfare state B. the National Health Service C. the compulsory education D. the Women's Liberation Movement

  48. Margaret Thatcher believed in the following except_______.

  A. self-reliance B. the strengthening of trade unions

  C. privatization D. the use of monetary policies to control inflation.

  49. In the 1960s, Pop music underwent a revolution when the Beatles became world famous and turned their hometown______into a place of pilgrim.

  A. Manchester B. Blackpool C. Liverpool D. Sheffield

  50. The 1970s saw the growth of______in Wales and Scotland.

  A. liberalism B. Marxism C. chauvinism D. nationalism

  51. The economic policy Britain pursued in the 1950, and 1960s was based on the theory of

  _______.

  A. Adam Smith B. John M. Keynes C. Margaret Thatcher D. Karl Marx

  52. Under Margaret Thatcher Britain experienced_________.

  A. economic recession B. economic expansion

  C. economic decline D. economic depression

  53. The Houses of Parliament were between 1835 and______to the design of Sir Charles Barry

  after having been destroyed by fire.

  A. 1857 B. 1858 C. 1859 D. 1860

  54. The public are admitted to______in the House of Lords and the House of Commons. A. the

  Stranger's Galleries B. the Press Gallery

  C. the Woolsack D. the Speaker's Chair

  55._______is responsible for security accommodations and services in the House of Lords' part

  of the Palace of Westminster.

  A. The Lord Chancellor B. The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod

  C. The Speaker D. The Clerk of the Parliaments

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