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自考英语阅读(二)词汇UNIT9-12

2006-09-14 16:53   【 】【我要纠错

  UNIT 9  HOW DO HOMING PIGEONS FIND HOME?

  GLOSSARY

  ability  n. power and skill, esp. to do, think, act, make etc. 能力,才能

  accurate  a. free of mistakes; exactly correct 准确的;精确的

  biology  n. the scientific study of living thing 生物学

  blur  v. make difficult to see (through or with) clearly 把…弄得模糊不清

  brass  n. a very hard bright yellow metal, a mixture of copper and zinc 黄铜

  built-in  a. internally fixed 内在的,固定的

  compass  n. an instrument for showing direction, usu. consisting of a free-moving magnetic needle which always moves to point to the north 指南针

  complex  a. difficult to understand or explain  难以理解的;复杂的

  extra  a. beyond what is usual or necessary 额外的

  measure  v. find the size, length, amount, etc.  量;测量;估量

  messenger  n. a person who brings one or more pieces of information  送信者;使者

  mystery  n. sth. which can not be explained or understood 神秘的事物;难以解释的事物

  navigate  v. direct the course of ( a ship, plane, etc.) 导航

  overcast  a. dark with clouds  多云的;阴暗的

  race  v. compete in speed 比速度;参加竞赛

  shift  v. change in position or direction; move from one place to another  转变;转移

  biological clock 生物钟

  gelatin  n. 动物胶

  magnetic  a. 有磁性的

  10      WALKING  IN  SPACE

  GLOSSARY

  astronaut  n.  a person who travels through space in a space vehicle  宇航员

  attain  v.  reach  到达

  comparable  a.  capable of being compared  可比较的

  conquest  n.  gaining control over  征服,赢得

  cosmos  n.  the whole universe  宇宙

  crush  v.  press or be pressed, so that there is breaking or injury  压碎,榨

  demonstrate  vt.  show clearly by giving proofs or examples  表演,演示

  deprive  v.  take away from; prevent from using or enjoying  剥夺,使丧失

  diffuse  v.  cause to spread out freely in all directions  使扩散,使渗出

  directly  ad.  straightly  直率地

  disappointed  a.  sad at not getting what was hoped for  失望的

  disk  n.  round, flat-like object  圆盘状物

  distance  n.  the amount of separation in space or time  时空上的距离

  drift  v.  float or be driven along by wind, waves or current  漂移,使漂流

  equip  v.  provide with what is necessary  装备,配备

  feat  n.  noteworthy achievement  功绩

  gravity  n.  force of attraction between any two objects, esp. that force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth  引力,重力

  inkling   n.  hint   暗示、细微的迹象

  permit  v.  allow  允许

  phenomenon  n.  fact or event that appears to or is perceived by the senses  现象

  previous  a.  happening, coming or being earlier in time or order  先前的,过早的

  realm  n.  complete domain  领域,范围

  relief  n.  elevation of land surfaces  地势的起伏

  resemble  v.  look or be like  像,类似

  resistance  n.  force opposed to anything moving  抵抗力,阻力

  revolution  n.  circular movement round a fixed point  旋转,绕转

  revolve  v.  spin or go round in a circle  旋转,绕转

  simultaneously  at the same time  同时地

  spaceship  a vehicle able to travel in space  宇宙飞船

  subject (to)  v.  bring under control; cause to undergo or experience; expose  使隶属;使遭受;使暴露

  swell up  increase in fullness and roundness  膨胀

  twinkle  v.  shine with a light that gleams unsteadily  闪烁,闪耀

  wanderings  n.  movement from place to place  漫游,闲逛

  bellows  n.  风箱

  gravitation  n.  万有引力,地心引力

  satellite  n.  卫星

  shutter  n.  (照相机)快门

  velvet  n.  天鹅绒

  UNIT 12    DO WE NEED EXTRA VITAMINS?

  GLOSSARY

  appetite  n. physical desire for food 食欲

  application  n. use应用

  arise  v. come into existence; appear 出现

  attendant  a. connected with 伴随的;有联系的

  authority  n. the power or right to make others obey and believe 权;权力

  category  n. division or class in a complete system or grouping 种类

  challenge  v. question the lawfulness or rightness of 对…表示异议,怀疑

  compensate  v. give sth. to make up 弥补

  confine  v. restrict  限制

  contender  n. rival, competitor 竞争者;对手

  deficiency  n. the state of being short of 缺乏;不足

  derive  v. get 获得,得到

  describe  v. say what is like 描写;描述

  dictate  v. drive 驱使

  element  n. a small amount 小量

  excrete  v. get rid of waste from the body 排泄

  genuine  a. real 真正的

  guardian  n. one who is responsible for the care of a person and his property  保护人

  indiscriminately  ad. as one wishes 随心所欲地

  individual  n. a single being 个人

  instinctively  ad. subconsciously 本能地,下意识地

  investigate  v. make a careful study of 调查

  junk  n. material of poor quality  劣质品

  lapse  n. shortage  缺乏

  mimic  v. appear so like 酷似

  pertinent  a. relevant  有关的,相干的

  potent  a. strongly effective 有效力的

  prudent  a. careful 谨慎的;小心的

  purchase  n. buying 买

  relieve  v. lessen 减轻

  replace  v. take the place of 取代

  resort   n. the thing offering help 所求助的东西

  rubbish  n. waste material 垃圾;废物

  safeguard  n. the thing to give protection 保护物

  scarcely  ad. almost not 几乎不

  super  a. wonderful 极好的

  supplement  n. sth. added 添加物

  teetotaler  n. one who never touches wine 滴酒不沾的人

  trial  n. testing 试验

  ubiquitous  a. appearing or existing everywhere 无处不在的

  calory   n.(热量)卡

  carbohydrate  n. 碳水化合物

  clinical  a. 临床的

  density  n. 浓度

  dose  n. 剂量

  hamburger  n. 汉堡包

  mineral  n. 矿物质

  nutrition  n. 营养

  nutritious  n. 营养的

  pizza  n.(意大利)馅饼

  placebo  n.安慰药

  prophylactic  a. 预防性的

  protein  n. 蛋白质

  psychological   a. 心理上的

  psychology  n.心理学

  snack  n. 快餐

  symptom  n. 症状

  therapeutic   a. 治疗的

  therapy  n. 疗法

  urine  n. 尿

  vitamin  n. 维生素

  UNIT 11    DO WE NEED EXTRA VITAMINS?

  GLOSSARY

  appetite  n. physical desire for food 食欲

  application  n. use应用

  arise  v. come into existence; appear 出现

  attendant  a. connected with 伴随的;有联系的

  authority  n. the power or right to make others obey and believe 权;权力

  category  n. division or class in a complete system or grouping 种类

  challenge  v. question the lawfulness or rightness of 对…表示异议,怀疑

  compensate  v. give sth. to make up 弥补

  confine  v. restrict  限制

  contender  n. rival, competitor 竞争者;对手

  deficiency  n. the state of being short of 缺乏;不足

  derive  v. get 获得,得到

  describe  v. say what is like 描写;描述

  dictate  v. drive 驱使

  element  n. a small amount 小量

  excrete  v. get rid of waste from the body 排泄

  genuine  a. real 真正的

  guardian  n. one who is responsible for the care of a person and his property  保护人

  indiscriminately  ad. as one wishes 随心所欲地

  individual  n. a single being 个人

  instinctively  ad. subconsciously 本能地,下意识地

  investigate  v. make a careful study of 调查

  junk  n. material of poor quality  劣质品

  lapse  n. shortage  缺乏

  mimic  v. appear so like 酷似

  pertinent  a. relevant  有关的,相干的

  potent  a. strongly effective 有效力的

  prudent  a. careful 谨慎的;小心的

  purchase  n. buying 买

  relieve  v. lessen 减轻

  replace  v. take the place of 取代

  resort   n. the thing offering help 所求助的东西

  rubbish  n. waste material 垃圾;废物

  safeguard  n. the thing to give protection 保护物

  scarcely  ad. almost not 几乎不

  super  a. wonderful 极好的

  supplement  n. sth. added 添加物

  teetotaler  n. one who never touches wine 滴酒不沾的人

  trial  n. testing 试验

  ubiquitous  a. appearing or existing everywhere 无处不在的

  calory   n.(热量)卡

  carbohydrate  n. 碳水化合物

  clinical  a. 临床的

  density  n. 浓度

  dose  n. 剂量

  hamburger  n. 汉堡包

  mineral  n. 矿物质

  nutrition  n. 营养

  nutritious  n. 营养的

  pizza  n.(意大利)馅饼

  placebo  n.安慰药

  prophylactic  a. 预防性的

  protein  n. 蛋白质

  psychological   a. 心理上的

  psychology  n.心理学

  snack  n. 快餐

  symptom  n. 症状

  therapeutic   a. 治疗的

  therapy  n. 疗法

  urine  n. 尿

  vitamin  n. 维生素

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