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自考“基础英语”复习资料(2)

2007-02-15 09:23   【 】【我要纠错

  二、单选中易考的短语和句式:

  the average person:般人

  make…into:把……制成…

  pay…for:为了得到…而付钱

  make profit:盈利;赚钱

  as far as sth. Is concerned:就…而言

  on average:平均   last for ever:一直用下去

  look after=take care of:照看;照料

  once in a lifetime:一辈子一次的,难得的

  persuade sb to do sth:劝说某人做某事

  persuade sb out of sth/doing sth:劝说某人不要做某事

  throw away:丢弃

  lead to:导致

  trade in sth for sth else:以一物换取另一物

  out of fashion:过时

  in fashion:流行

  turn…into…:使…变成…  

  get into trouble:陷入困境

  be at work:在起作用

  go down:(物价)下降,下跌  

  in the meanwhile:在此期间

  in limited quantities:有限的数量

  go into sth:加入:开始做

  strive to do sth:努力做某事

  protect …from…:使…免受…的伤害

  be harmful to sth:对…有害

  first of all:首先

  be composed of:由…组成,构成

  be labled as…:贴上…标签

  be on guard:警惕

  take sth for granted:认为某事当然,想当然  

  in the order of:依…次序  

  trick sb into doing sth:诱使某人做某事  

  suffer from sth:遭受(疾病、灾难等)  

  as a result of:由于  

  under pressure:处于压力之下

  warn sb of(against)sth:警告、告诫

  drive sb to suicide:逼得某人自杀

  point out:指出

  run away from:逃离

  move house:搬家

  fall ill:生病

  in times of…:在…时候

  take up:从事;开始做…

  to tail after a man:尾随某人

  be in good(poor)health:健康情况好(差)  

  commit a crime:犯罪

  as with…:如同…那样

  lose one‘s lead:失去领先地位  

  change hands:转手、易手

  lead…in…:在哪方面居领先地位  

  be designed to:目的是  

  add to:提高、增加

  do away with:消灭、消除

  check out:付账后离开  

  protection against the cold:御寒

  in many different climates:在不同的气候条件下

  spin sth into yarn:把…纺成纱

  guard a secret:保守秘密

  be known as:被称为

  by no means:决不

  by means of…:用…、依靠…

  go as high as…percentage:高达…的百分比

  arrange for sb to do sth:安排某人做某事

  take a train:乘火车

  hold on to:抓住…不放

  enter into business:开始经商

  according to…:根据…

  in general:一般地、大体上

  get used to…=become accustomed to…:习惯于…

  complain about:抱怨

  apply to:适用于  

  get along with…:与…相处

  at least:至少

  deal in sth:经营…

  slow down:减速  

  provide sb with sth:为某人提供某物

  be in use:正在使用中

  place of historical interest:名胜古迹  

  get around:各处旅行

  come to the conclusion that…:得到的结论是…

  be chartered for sth:被租来做某事

  have (no)trouble/difficulty in doing sth: 做某事有困难  

  be superior to:比…优越

  mix with:与…混合  

  combine with:与…化合

  on earth:在世间

  separate…from:把…和…分开

  use up:用完

  an aid to sth:对…有所帮助  

  inform sb of sth:通知某人某事

  go beyond:超越

  create a desire for…:激发对…的需求

  take advantage of:利用…;占便宜

  at this point:此时此刻

  for emotional motives:出于情感

  compete with(against)sb for sth:为了得到某物而与某人竞争

  remain in one‘s mind:记在心里

  get the attention of:吸引…的注意

  get down to do sth:开始认真做某事

  have advantage in doing sth:做…有好处

  prefer to do sth rather than do sth:愿意做…而不愿做…

  to be limited by:受限于…

  to confine…to…:把…局限于…  

  in a position to do:能够做…

  have a effect on:对…有影响,有作用

  be aimed at:以…为目的

  relate to:与…有关

  associate with:与…联系在一起

  be subject to:受…的控制

  in a search for…=in search of:寻找、寻求

  lead up:引入…

  in addition to…:除…之外

  couple with:与…相结合

  add to:增加

  trace to:追溯到…

  engage in sth:从事…

  be in operation:正在运转

  come into operation:实施、生效

  at large:普遍地

  be inclined to:倾向于…;赞同…

  in effect:实质上

  to be pessimistic about:对…感到悲观

  on…side:支持…

  step in…:介入…

  bine…to…:使…束缚于…  

  make…possible to:使…成为可能

  by contrast:相比之下

  break into:闯入  

  come across:路上偶遇某人

  pull though:使康复

  settle up:清偿,还清债务

  make up for:弥补,补偿

  put up with:忍受,容忍

  bestowed by:…赐予的

  be obliged to:不得不

  in terms of:在…方面

  specialize in:专门从事…

  merge with:于…联合,结合

  appeal to:呼吁

  be exposed to:使遭受、面对

  take in:接收,吸收

  prior to:从前的

  occasioned by:由…造成的

  be sufficient to:足以…

  to be pivotal in:起着关键作用

  take…into account:考虑到…

  in a swarm:成群,大批

  be aware of:知晓

  come up against:面对…的困难

  be ascribed to:归结于

  in excess of:超过

  keep pace with:与…并驾齐驱

  in the aggregate:总计

  be paired with:与…配对

  out of harmony with:与…不协调

  yearned for:渴望,向往

  be charmed with:被…迷住

  in consequence:因此

  replace…with…:用…代替…

  invest in:在…上投资

  be reference to:作为…的参考

  risk doing sth:做某事是有风险的

  attempt at doing sth:企图做某事

  take sth apart:拆开,拆散

  leave of:停止

  must have done:表示对过去的推测

  piggy-back service:背负式运输服务

  vary with sth:随…而变化

  held out:提出,主张

  anything but:决不是

  nothing but:只不过,仅仅是

本文转载链接:自考“基础英语”复习资料(2)

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