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自考“基础英语”复习资料(1)

2007-02-15 09:19   【 】【我要纠错

  一、名词和短语的英汉互译:

  1.Quota―配额、定量

  maintenance―维持、保持

  tariff barriers―关税壁垒

  invalid contract―无效合同 

  monopolistic competition―垄断性竞争  

  depreciation=devaluation―贬值  

  inventory―存货清单  

  cost effectiveness―成本效益  

  direct/indirect tax―直接/间接税

  the required reserve―法定最低储备金

  economics of scale―规模经济

  packaging material―包装材料

  inferior product―残次品

  manufactured goods―产成品

  survey report―调查报告

  consumer goods―消费品

  export/import quota―出口/进口配额

  claim―索赔

  technical expertise-技术知识

  compensation trade-补偿贸易

  raw material-原材料

  traffic jam-交通阻塞

  subsidiary company-分公司

  multilateral trade-多边贸易

  service trade-服务贸易

  trade gap-贸易差额

  assembly line-生产线

  planned/market economy-计划/市场经济

  Universal Product Code-产品统一条形码

  visible/invisible trade-有形/无形贸易

  insurance policy-保险单

  excess reserves-额外储备金

  free port-自由港

  public interest-公共利益

  comparative advantage-比较优势

  trail order-试订单

  foreign-trade zones-外贸保税区

  sole agent-独家代理

  registered trade mark-注册商标

  geographic area-地理位置

  standardized container-标准集装箱

  delivery rate-运费

  target market-目标市场

  fraud-欺诈

  annal revence/annual gain-年收入

  means of production-生产资料

  retained profits-留存收益

  advertising media-广告媒介

  Gross National Product-国民生产总值

  Gross Domestic Product-国内生产总值

  consumption expenditures-消费品支出

  credit ration-信用额度

  know-how-专有技术

  tax exemptions-税收减免

  demand curve-需求曲线

  income tax-所得税

  joint venture-合资企业

  interest charge-利息费

  working capital-营运资金

  board of directors-董事会

  work permits-工作许可

  regular port-普通港

  productive capacity-生产能力

  labor force-劳动力

  transportation mode-运输方式

  infrastructure-基础设施

  barter trade-易货贸易

  premium-保险费

  weather conditions-天气条件

  market share-市场份额

  investment expenditure-投资性支出  

  profit position-盈利状况

  communication system-通讯系统

  energy crisis-能源危机  

  inflation rate-通货膨胀率

  fair dealing-公平交易

  financial institution-金融机构  

  retailer-零售商

  terms of payment-付款方式

  technology transfer-技术转让

  a confirm offer-实盘

  disposable-可支的收入

  shopping center-购物中心

  economic crisis-经济危机

  a price-and-market mechanism-市场价格机制

  the supply and demand apparatus-供求机制

  inventory carrying costs-存货占用成本

  replacement cost-重置费用

  money market-货币市场

  capital-output ratio-资本产出比率  

  the differentiation of the product-产品鉴别

  intangible factors-无形因素

  demand schedule-需求计划  

  better quality products at good values-物美价廉的商品

  a dead-end job-没有出路的工作

  lower the cost-降低成本  

  put on the market-投放市场

  mass-production-批量生产

  artificial silk-人造丝

  in the red-赤字

  preferential credit treasures-优惠的信用措施  

  an industrialized country-工业化国家

  a merchant fleet-商船船队

  checkout counter-收款台

  interpersonal relations-人际关系

  downtown business district-城市商业区  

  checking accounts-活期存款帐户

  high repeat exposure-很高的重复接触率  

  underwriting-承保  

  hypothetical economy-假设经济  

  capital equipment-资本设备  

  demand/supply elasticity-需求/供给弹性

  in random fashion-以任意的形式  

  economic literature-经济学文献

  monopoly elements-垄断要素

  rational,thought-out decision-深思熟虑的理智的决定

  insurer-承保人

  taxpayer-纳税人

本文转载链接:自考“基础英语”复习资料(1)

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