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通过《基础英语》考前必看之绝密资料

2006-09-14 17:21   【 】【我要纠错

  一、名词和短语的英汉互译:

  1.Quota―配额、定量 maintenance―维持、保持 tariff barriers―关税壁垒 invalid contract―无效合同 monopolistic competition―垄断性竞争 depreciation=devaluation―贬值 inventory―存货清单 cost effectiveness―成本效益 direct/indirect tax―直接/间接税 the required reserve―法定最低储备金 economics of scale―规模经济 packaging material―包装材料 inferior product―残次品 manufactured goods―产成品 survey report―调查报告 consumer goods―消费品 export/import quota―出口/进口配额 claim―索赔 technical expertise-技术知识 compensation trade-补偿贸易 raw material-原材料 traffic jam-交通阻塞 subsidiary company-分公司

  multilateral trade-多边贸易 service trade-服务贸易 trade gap-贸易差额 assembly line-生产线 planned/market economy-计划/市场经济 Universal Product Code-产品统一条形码 visible/invisible trade-有形/无形贸易 insurance policy-保险单 excess reserves-额外储备金 free port-自由港 public interest-公共利益 comparative advantage-比较优势 trail order-试订单 foreign-trade zones-外贸保税区 sole agent-独家代理 registered trade mark-注册商标 geographic area-地理位置 standardized container-标准集装箱 delivery rate-运费 target market-目标市场 fraud-欺诈 annal revence/annual gain-年收入 means of production-生产资料 retained profits-留存收益

  advertising media-广告媒介 Gross National Product-国民生产总值 Gross Domestic Product-国内生产总值 consumption expenditures-消费品支出 credit ration-信用额度 know-how-专有技术 tax exemptions-税收减免 demand curve-需求曲线 income tax-所得税 joint venture-合资企业 interest charge-利息费 working capital-营运资金 board of directors-董事会 work permits-工作许可 regular port-普通港 productive capacity-生产能力 labor force-劳动力 transportation mode-运输方式 infrastructure-基础设施 barter trade-易货贸易 premium-保险费 weather conditions-天气条件 market share-市场份额 investment expenditure-投资性支出

  profit position-盈利状况 communication system-通讯系统 energy crisis-能源危机 inflation rate-通货膨胀率 fair dealing-公平交易 financial institution-金融机构 retailer-零售商 terms of payment-付款方式 technology transfer-技术转让 a confirm offer-实盘 disposable-可支的收入 shopping center-购物中心 economic crisis-经济危机 a price-and-market mechanism-市场价格机制 the supply and demand apparatus-供求机制 inventory carrying costs-存货占用成本 replacement cost-重置费用 money market-货币市场 capital-output ratio-资本产出比率 the differentiation of the product-产品鉴别 intangible factors-无形因素 demand schedule-需求计划 better quality products at good values-物美价廉的商品 a dead-end job-没有出路的工作

  lower the cost-降低成本 put on the market-投放市场 mass-production-批量生产 artificial silk-人造丝 in the red-赤字 preferential credit treasures-优惠的信用措施 an industrialized country-工业化国家 a merchant fleet-商船船队 checkout counter-收款台 interpersonal relations-人际关系 downtown business district-城市商业区 checking accounts-活期存款帐户 high repeat exposure-很高的重复接触率 underwriting-承保 hypothetical economy-假设经济 capital equipment-资本设备 demand/supply elasticity-需求/供给弹性

  in random fashion-以任意的形式 economic literature-经济学文献 monopoly elements-垄断要素 rational,thought-out decision-深思熟虑的理智的决定 insurer-承保人 taxpayer-纳税人

  二、单选中易考的短语和句式:

  the average person:般人 make…into:把……制成… pay…for:为了得到…而付钱 make profit:盈利;赚钱 as far as sth. Is concerned:就…而言 on average:平均 last for ever:一直用下去 look after=take care of:照看;照料 once in a lifetime:一辈子一次的,难得的 persuade sb to do sth:劝说某人做某事 persuade sb out of sth/doing sth:劝说某人不要做某事 throw away:丢弃 lead to:导致 trade in sth for sth else:以一物换取另一物 out of fashion:过时 in fashion:流行 turn…into…:使…变成… get into trouble:陷入困境 be at work:在起作用 go down:(物价)下降,下跌 in the meanwhile:在此期间

  in limited quantities:有限的数量 go into sth:加入:开始做 strive to do sth:努力做某事 protect …from…:使…免受…的伤害 be harmful to sth:对…有害 first of all:首先 be composed of:由…组成,构成 be labled as…:贴上…标签 be on guard:警惕 take sth for granted:认为某事当然,想当然 in the order of:依…次序 trick sb into doing sth:诱使某人做某事 suffer from sth:遭受(疾病、灾难等) as a result of:由于 under pressure:处于压力之下 warn sb of(against)sth:警告、告诫 drive sb to suicide:逼得某人自杀 point out:指出 run away from:逃离 move house:搬家 fall ill:生病 in times of…:在…时候 take up:从事;开始做… to tail after a man:尾随某人

  be in good(poor)health:健康情况好(差) commit a crime:犯罪 as with…:如同…那样 lose one‘s lead:失去领先地位 change hands:转手、易手 lead…in…:在哪方面居领先地位 be designed to:目的是 add to:提高、增加 do away with:消灭、消除 check out:付账后离开 protection against the cold:御寒 in many different climates:在不同的气候条件下 spin sth into yarn:把…纺成纱 guard a secret:保守秘密 be known as:被称为 by no means:决不 by means of…:用…、依靠… go as high as…percentage:高达…的百分比 arrange for sb to do sth:安排某人做某事 take a train:乘火车 hold on to:抓住…不放 enter into business:开始经商 according to…:根据… in general:一般地、大体上

  get used to…=become accustomed to…:习惯于… complain about:抱怨 apply to:适用于 get along with…:与…相处 at least:至少 deal in sth:经营… slow down:减速 provide sb with sth:为某人提供某物 be in use:正在使用中 place of historical interest:名胜古迹 get around:各处旅行 come to the conclusion that…:得到的结论是… be chartered for sth:被租来做某事 have (no) trouble/difficulty in doing sth: 做某事有困难 be superior to:比…优越 mix with:与…混合 combine with:与…化合 on earth:在世间 separate…from:把…和…分开 use up:用完 an aid to sth:对…有所帮助 inform sb of sth:通知某人某事 go beyond:超越 create a desire for…:激发对…的需求 take advantage of:利用…;占便宜 at this point:此时此刻 for emotional motives:出于情感

  compete with(against) sb for sth:为了得到某物而与某人竞争 remain in one‘s mind:记在心里 get the attention of:吸引…的注意 get down to do sth:开始认真做某事 have advantage in doing sth:做…有好处 prefer to do sth rather than do sth:愿意做…而不愿做… to be limited by:受限于… to confine…to…:把…局限于… in a position to do:能够做… have a effect on:对…有影响,有作用 be aimed at:以…为目的 relate to:与…有关 associate with:与…联系在一起 be subject to:受…的控制 in a search for…=in search of:寻找、寻求 lead up:引入… in addition to…:除…之外 couple with:与…相结合 add to:增加 trace to:追溯到… engage in sth:从事… be in operation:正在运转 come into operation:实施、生效 at large:普遍地 be inclined to:倾向于…;赞同… in effect:实质上 to be pessimistic about:对…感到悲观

  on…side:支持… step in…:介入… bine…to…:使…束缚于… make…possible to:使…成为可能 by contrast:相比之下 break into:闯入 come across:路上偶遇某人 pull though:使康复 settle up:清偿,还清债务 make up for:弥补,补偿 put up with:忍受,容忍 bestowed by:…赐予的 be obliged to:不得不 in terms of:在…方面 specialize in:专门从事… merge with:于…联合,结合 appeal to:呼吁 be exposed to:使遭受、面对 take in:接收,吸收 prior to:从前的 occasioned by:由…造成的 be sufficient to:足以… to be pivotal in:起着关键作用 take…into account:考虑到… in a swarm:成群,大批 be aware of:知晓

  come up against:面对…的困难 be ascribed to:归结于 in excess of:超过 keep pace with:与…并驾齐驱 in the aggregate:总计 be paired with:与…配对 out of harmony with:与…不协调 yearned for:渴望,向往 be charmed with:被…迷住 in consequence:因此 replace…with…:用…代替… invest in:在…上投资 be reference to:作为…的参考 risk doing sth:做某事是有风险的 attempt at doing sth:企图做某事 take sth apart:拆开,拆散 leave of:停止 must have done:表示对过去的推测 piggy-back service:背负式运输服务 vary with sth:随…而变化 held out:提出,主张 anything but:决不是 nothing but:只不过,仅仅是

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