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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(26)

2007-09-06 08:55   【 】【我要纠错

  2. debate : 争论,辩论

  用法:to debate on 对… 进行辩论;

  Lincoln debated Douglas on this issue. 林肯与道格拉斯就这个问题进行了辩论。

  Education is the current focus of public debate. 教育是当前公众争论的焦点。

  同义词:dispute

  3. legal : a.法律上的,合法的

  派生词: illegal a. 不合法的

  4. request : vt/n. 请求,要求

  搭配:request for 要求… ; make a request for 要求;at sb‘s request 应…之要求;

  例:He made a request for immediate help. 他要求立即给予帮助。

  The singer gave one more song at our request. 歌唱家在我们的要求下又唱了一首歌。

  They made a request to release the prisoners.他们要求释放犯人。

  其他用法:request 后接that 从句时,从句的谓语动词用虚拟语气“should + 动词原形”的形式。例:He requested that he (should)stay for more days. 他请求再住一些天。

  5. criterion : 标准,准则复数:criteria (批评、判断、决定的标准和准则)

  例: What criteria do you use to judge a good wine? 你用什么标准判断酒的好坏?

  同义词:standard 标准 (客观的、公正的标准,可用于比较、衡量事物)

  例: The standard of living has improved greatly.生活的标准已经大大提高。

  6. ensure : vt. 保证,保护;赋予

  用法:ensure sb. that 确保…。  ensure sth.

  I can ensure that he will come at 12 o'clock.我能保证他将在12点钟来。

  他的才能将保证他得到成功。 His ability will ensure his success.

  7. oppose vt. 反对

  派生词:opposition n. 反对;opponent n. 对手

  用法:be opposed to 反对,

  We are firmly opposed to this dirty political deal. 我们坚决反对这场肮脏的政治交易。

  What he said was totally opposed to the facts. 他说的与事实完全相反。

  He is very much opposed to my going abroad . 他非常反对我出国。

  区别:oppose 与be opposed to

  They opposed the plan. 他们反对此计划。(表示动作)

  They were opposed to the plan 他们反对此计划。(表示态度)

  8. disabled : 伤残的,使失去战斗力的

  派生词:disable v. 使不能… ; able adj. 有能力的;enable v. 使能够………;unable a. 不能的,没有能力的;

  用法:

  the disabled 残疾人

  disable sb. from doing sth. 使某人不能干… , 使某人丧失能力;

  一场事故使他再也不能打篮球了。 An accident disabled him from playing basketball.

  enable sb. to do sth. 使某人能作某事

  乘飞机使我们几个小时就能越过太平洋Flying enables us to go across the Pacific in a few hours.

  be able to do sth. 能够做某事

  我们能说英语。 We are able to speak English.

  be unable to do sth. 不能做某事

  我们不能在9点钟之前到。 We are unable to get there before 9 o‘clock.

  9. sensitive : adj. 敏感的,灵敏的

  派生词:sense n. 感觉,感知;

  用法:be sensitive to 对 …很敏感

  Her reply showed that she was very sensitive to criticism. 她的回答表明她对批评非常敏感。

  他对天气变化很敏感。He is sensitive to the change of weather.

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