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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(48)

2007-09-06 09:34   【 】【我要纠错

  重点词汇精讲

  1.inspire: 鼓舞,使产生灵感

  His qualities of leadership inspired his followers. 他的领袖风范激励着他的追随者。

  The design of the car has inspired many imitations. 这辆轿车的设计引起了众多模仿。

  2.fruitful: 有成果的,有收获的

  派生词:fruit n.水果

  3.theme : 题目,主题

  thematic 主体的

  Does the conference have a central theme this year? 今年大会有中心议题吗?

  4.handle: 柄,把手;运用,操纵;经营,管理

  If you can‘t handle the job I’ll get someone else to do it. 如果你应付不了这个工作,我就让别人来做。

  Who handles the marketing in your company?

  谁在你们公司里负责市场营销?

  词组:

  1.in a sense : 在某种意义上

  She‘s right, in a sense, because we did agree to wait, but only until June. 她在某种意义上是对的,因为我们确实同意等待,但只等到六月。

  2.at stretch : 连续不断地,一口气地

  at a stretch stretch v. 伸展 n. 一段连续时间

  There‘s no way I could work for ten hours at a stretch. 我不可能连续不断地工作10个小时。

  3.to serve as :适合,用作

  In the absence of anything better, the sofa would serve as a bed for a couple of nights.

  在没有更好的东西情况下,这个沙发可以当作床睡几个晚上。

  4.for the sake of : 为了… 的目的; 为了 … 起见,由于 … 缘故

  The company had decided to close down this department for the sake of economy.

  为了节约,这个公司已经决定关闭这个部门。

  We did it for convenience‘s sake. 我们是为了方便才这样做的。

  II.课文分析

  1.I can see three different types of composers in musical history, each of whom creates music in a somewhat different fashion.

  本句分析:我认为音乐史上可以区分三种不同类型的作曲家,每种作曲家音乐创作手法也各有一定的不同。

  in a … fashion : 用…… 方式

  The type that has fired public imagination most is that of the spontaneously inspired composer- the Franz Schubert type ,in other words. All composers are inspired, of course, but this type is more spontaneously inspired. Music simply wells out of him. He can‘t get it down on paper fast enough. You are almost tell this type of composer by his fruitful output. In certain months, Schubert wrote a song a day. Hugo Wolf did the same.

  2.Music simply wells out of him.

  well v. 喷涌,涌出

  In a sense, men of this kind begin not so much with a musical theme as with a completed composition. They invariably work best in the shorter forms. It is much easier to improvise a song than it is to improvise a symphony. It isn‘t easy to be inspired in that spontaneous way for long periods at a stretch. Even Schubert was more successful in handling the shorter forms of music. The spontaneously inspired man is only one type of composer, with his own limitations.

  3.In a sense, men of this kind begin not so much with a musical theme as with a completed composition.

  从一定意义上说,这些作曲家与其说是从某一音乐主题开始创作,不如说他们一开始就有一个完整作品成竹在胸。

  not so much … as : 与其… 不如…

  He is not so much a scientist as a poet.

  与其说他是个科学家,不如说他是个诗人。

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