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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(35)

2007-09-06 09:10   【 】【我要纠错

  家仆 domestic ,servant ,maid (女佣),female girl

  Briton 大不列颠人;英国人

  Britain 英国,不列颠

  英伦三岛:England 、Scotland,Welsh, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国

  Briton 英国人; the British; Englishman

  oversea 海外的,在海外

  exploit : vt. 开发,开采;利用,剥削 n. exploition

  He exploited his authority personal gratification . 他利用职权来满足个人的私欲。

  A mine is exploited for its minerals. 开发矿山是为了采矿。

  The company exploited its workers with long hours and low pay.

  该公司利用长工时、低工资的方法来剥削工人。

  Resources should be properly exploited. 开发资源要适度。

  abuse v./ n 虐待,滥用

  Drug and alcohol abuse contributed to Brian‘s early death.

  滥用毒品和酗酒导致了布莱恩的早逝。

  Be physically abused 肉体受到虐待

  the Iraqi prisoner abuse

  abuse one‘s power

  campaign : n.战役,运动;v.参加运动

  The Huai-Hai Campaign was essential to the victory of the War of Liberation.

  淮海战役对解放战争的胜利至关重要。

  We are launching a campaign against waste. 我们正发起一场反浪费活动。

  He announced that he would campaign for the senate. 他宣布他将参加议员竞选。

  sex 性别;visa 签证

  execute vt. 将…处死,执行,实行 executive a. 执行的,执政的

  The criminal was executed after the trial . 审判后罪犯被处死。

  All orders were immediately executed .所有的命令将尽早执行。

  CEO = Chief Executive Officer 首席执行官

  EMBA= Executive Master of Business Administration 高级管理人员工商管理硕士

  convict: vt. 证明… 有罪,宣判…有罪;n. 罪犯

  He was convicted of smuggling . 他被判犯有走私罪。

  相关词汇:accuse sb. of … 指控某人有罪;

  charge sb of …… 指控某人有罪

  despite : prep. 尽管,任凭

  Despite the fact that there was almost no hope of finding the missing boy , the search party still went on looking. 尽管找到失踪男孩几乎无望,搜寻的人群仍然在继续寻找。

  Despite the shortage of raw materials, industrial output has increased by ten percent. 尽管原材料短缺,工业产量仍增长百分之十。

  Despite what he said, I didn‘t believe the news. 不论她如何说,我也不相信这个消息。

  相关词汇:in spite of 尽管,任凭

  deserving : a. 应得,值得

  派生词:deserve v. 应得,值得(宾语可用名词、动名词、或不定式)

  用法:be deserving of ; deserve + n./ doing / to do sth.

  His efforts are certainly deserving of praise. 他的努力当然值得表扬。

  The question deserves consideration. 这个问题值得考虑。

  He deserves to lose because he cheated. 他该输,因为他作弊。

  The project deserves further investigation. 这个项目值得进一步调查。

  Saudi Arabia 沙特阿拉伯

  breadwinner 同义词:provider

  shelf 复数:变f为I+ves 类似地,life, leaf

  minimum: a./ n.最小量;最低限制

  派生词:minimize v. 使最小化

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