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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(44)

2007-09-06 09:29   【 】【我要纠错

  anti-slavery anti- 表反对,抗,排斥

  anti-SARS 抗非典的  anti-Virus 反病毒的

  sentiment的同义词:feeling,但前者指比较细腻的感情;而feeling一般指感觉

  spontaneous:a.自发的,本能的,自动的

  Her speech seemed spontaneous, but was in fact carefully prepared beforehand.

  她的演讲看起来是即兴的,但实际上事先经过了精心准备。

  A crowd of people gathered spontaneously at the scene of the accident.

  一群人自发地聚集在事故现场。

  a group of 一群

  originate vt.

  original a. 独到的

  originality n. 独创,原始

  Negro=black people 黑人 ;white people 白人

  readily : 乐意地,很快地,容易地

  The younger mechanic readily fixed the car. 年轻的机修工很快地把车修好了。

  She readily accepted his proposal of marriage.她乐意地接受了他的求婚。

  词根:-less ,-ic, -cs

  thereby:adv. 由此,从而

  She wished to travel abroad and thereby she could learn about different customs.

  她希望能去国外旅游,从而了解不同的风俗习惯。

  He became a citizen, thereby gaining the right to vote. 他成了一名公民,由此获得了选举权。

  passive : 被动的,消极的

  反义词:active a. 积极的,活跃的

  You are passive when you allow things to happen, but do nothing . 当你让这些事发生,而不做任何事来阻止它,你是消极的。

  participant : 参加者,参与者

  派生词:participate v. 参加,参与;participation n. 参加

  All participants finishing the race will receive a medal. 所有完成比赛的参与者都将得到一枚奖牌。相关用法:participate in 参与

  We should actively participate in the mass sports activities. 我们应该积极参加群众性体育活动。

  1.to take place: 发生

  take place = happen

  Great changes have taken place over the past 20 years. 在过去的20年里,中国发生了巨大的变化。

  The strike didn‘t take place after all. 罢工没有发生。

  区别:take place 与take the place of

  take place“发生”;而take the place of“代替”;

  例如:Do you think the robots can take the place of man‘s tasks ?

  你认为机器人能代替人的工作吗?

  to take over:接管,接任

  He is going to take over my job while I am on holiday. 我去度假时他将接替我的工作。

  This large company has taken over many small ones. 这个大公司已经接管许多小公司。

  to take on 具有;担任(工作等);雇佣

  Don‘t take on more than you can do .不要接受你担负不了的任务。

  The city took on a festive air. 这个城市呈现出了一派节日气氛。

  The firm took on a new clerk .公司雇了个新职员。

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