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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(72)

2007-09-06 11:57   【 】【我要纠错

  9.A good schedule must have a little give so that special projects can be taken care of properly.

  此句中give是名词,意思是:弹性

  so that 引导目的状语从句。

  全句大意为: 一个好的日程表必须有一定的弹性,使特别的项目能得到妥善处理。

  Message 7.Study first - fun later

  You will enjoy your fun time more after you have completed your study responsibilities. So, where possible, schedule your study hours in advance of fun activities. This is a sound principle to follow, so keep it in mind as you prepare your first schedule.

  Message 8. Study some each class day.

  Some concentrated study each day is better than many study hours one day and nothing the next. As you work out your individual schedule, attempt to include a minimum of two study hours each day. This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep you up to date on your class assignments and projects.

  Few beginning freshmen can control their time effectively without a written schedule, so why kid yourself into thinking you don‘t need one? You do, Later on, when you have had more experience and you have the time-control habit, you may be able to operate without it .Of course the schedule is only the first step. Once you have it prepared, you must stick with it and follow it faithfully. You must push away the many temptations that are always present or your schedule is useless. Your schedule will give you control only if you make it work.

  10.You must push away the many temptations that are always present or your schedule is useless.

  用连词or(否则)连接的并列句,前半句中有一个定语从句。

  全句大意为:你必须摆脱常常出现的许多诱惑,否则你的日程表就一点用处也没有了。

  语 法 一些常用介词的基本词义和用法辩异

  语 法

  一、介词(前置词)preposition

  定义:起介绍、媒介作用的词

  位置:通常放在名词、短语或从句之前。介词+宾语=介词短语(prepositional phrase)

  介词是英语中最活跃的词类之一。它是虚词,不能单独作句子成分,但是介词有其基本的词意。

  介词的搭配能力很强,介词短语用于表达种种不同的意思,还可以担任句子成分,(表、定、状语和补语)。介词的使用主要是习惯问题,英语中大部分惯用语都是由介词与其他词的搭配构成的。

  如何正确使用介词?做到两点:了解基本词意和记忆常用的固定搭配

  1.表示时间的介词(三组)

  (1)at、in、on、during

  at 表示确切的时间点或较短暂的一段时间,

  in表示一天中的各部分时间,如上午、下午、晚上等,或较长的时间,如星期、月、季、年、年代、世纪等。

  on表示具体的某一天或某一天的上午或下午等。

  during表示一段时间,强调时间的延续,意为“在………期间”“在……过程”

  (2)for, since

  for也表示一段时间,强调时间是经过的长久。表示时间区间,可长可短。

  Since表示“从某时其直到现在”之意常用于带有完成体动词的句子中。从某时起到现在。

  (3)from, by

  from 表示“从某时起”到某个时间,这个时间可以是过去、现在或将来。

  by表示“到某时止”、“不迟于”、“在某时以前”。

  2.表示地点的介词(五组)

  (1)in,at, into, within

  (2)over,above 是不是应该显示手写板

  (3)under, below, beneath

  (4)at, to, towards, for

  (5)between, among(st)

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