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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(60)

2007-09-06 09:52   【 】【我要纠错

  3.宾语

  常用不定式作宾语的及物动词有:

  want, like, wish, hate, hope, expect, manage, try, desire, intend,

  prefer, mean, decide, promise, agree, disagree, refuse, choose,

  long(渴望), plan, offer, happen, fail, pretend, care, learn, continue

  start, begin, forget,

  例句:Anyone wanting to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics.

  (另外不定式还可以作一些形容词的宾语,如:able, unable, afraid , willing, sure, free, please, sorry , ready , glad, eager)

  4.定语

  不定式作定语一定要放在所修饰的中心词之后。

  (1)With the ability to “see”, robots can identify and inspect one specific class of objects out of a stack of different kinds of materials.

  (2)These future robots, assembled with a sense of touch and ability to see and make decisions, will have plenty of work to do.

  (3)I have a few words to say.

  5.状语

  用于修饰动词、形容词、副词及整个句子,表示目的、结果、原因、程度等

  结果状语

  Atoms are too small to be seen.

  …deep areas of mines too dangerous for humans to enter.

  目的状语

  We should be quiet so as not to disturb others.

  He sold newspapers in order to earn money for his family.

  6.补语

  不定式常用于下列单词后作补语:ask, enable, tell, force

  He asks me to call him at 10 a.m.(不定式作宾语补语)

  I am asked to call him at 10 a.m.(不定式作主语补语)

  注意:I notice him leave the classroom.(宾语补语可省略不定式符号to)

  He is noticed to leave the classroom.(主语补语不可省略不定式符号to)

  表示感觉类的词,后面的宾语补语可以省略,但这类词所在的句子如果变为被动语态,

  后面的“to”必须加上,即主语的补语,不能省略“to”。

  不定式有三种时态,也有被动语态 ( 各举一例)

  I am willing to do sth.

  I am glad to be working with you.

  I am sorry to have kept you waiting.

  It is a pleasure for me to be invited.

  Ⅳ  练习

  一、单词、词组英译汉

  efficiency increasingly install personnel expose reduction completion specific switch critical intensity scale defective in that in question plenty of

  二、汉译英

  1.近几年,机器人的应用越来越广泛和深入。

  In recent years, the use of robots is becoming increasingly wider and deeper.

  Robots are used more and more widely and deeply in recent years.

  Robots have been increasingly used wider and deeper in recent years.

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