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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(70)

2007-09-06 11:48   【 】【我要纠错

  2.flexible: a.柔韧的,灵活的

  派生词:inflexible a. 不可弯曲的,僵硬的

  3.adjustment: n.调整

  派生词:adjust v.调整

  He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country. 他使自己很快适应了这个国家的炎热的气候。

  I adjusted my watch yesterday, but it is gaining time again. 我昨天刚对了表,但现在又走快了。

  4.underestimate: vt.低估,看轻

  派生词:estimate v. 评价,评估 ;overestimate vt.过高估计;过高评价

  词组:

  1.to look ahead to: 向前看,展望未来

  Look straight ahead, and you will see the ship in the distance. 直视前方,你就会看到远处的轮船。

  Looking ahead to the 21stcentury, what shall we do? 展望二十一世纪,我们该怎么办?

  2.to allocate … for: 分配给,配给

  The teacher allocated tasks to each of us. 老师给我们每个人都分配了任务。

  How much funds has the government allocated for the project?

  政府给这项工程拨了多少款?

  3.to fall by the wayside : 半途而废,中途退出

  Cheer up, don‘t fall by the wayside. 打起精神来,不要半途而废。

  Are councilmen allowed to fall by the wayside. 议员可以中途退出吗?

  4.to hang up: 把电话挂断;

  She hung up before I could explain to her. 我还没来得及向她解释她已经挂断了电话。

  Hang your coat up on that hook. 把你的上衣挂在那个挂钩上。

  to hold on 别挂断

  5.up to date: 最新的,新式的;切合目前情况的

  She always wears clothes that are right up to date. 她总是穿着最时尚的衣服。

  We agree to this plan because it is up to date. 我们同意这个计划,因为它切合目前的情况。

  6.kid sb. into doing sth. 欺骗… 去做…

  He was kidded into believing that he won the lottery. 别人骗他说他赢了彩票。

  He kidded the little boy into believing him. 他哄骗那个小男孩相信他。

  7.to stick with : 坚持,继续

  I stick with my original idea. 我坚持我原来的主张。

  II.课文分析

  You may have been exposed to this idea before, but this time try to hear. There is a message that is trying to reach you, and it is important that it get through loud and clear. The message?

  1.You may have been exposed to this idea before, but this time try to hear. (para.1)

  注意:情态动词 + 完成式,表示也许,可能,应该,想必已经做了某事

  你也许以前接触过这一思想,不过这次试着听一听。

  2.There is a message that is trying to reach you, and it is important that it get through loud and clear.

  该句是由and连接的并列句,在后半句中,it是形式主语,that从句是实际主语,句意为:

  “有一条信息要传达给你,重要的是,这条信息响亮而清楚地传到你的耳际。”

  Time management!

  Time is elusive and tricky. It is the easiest thing is the world to waste -the most difficult to control. When you look ahead, it may appear you have more than you need. Yet it has a way of slipping through your fingers like quicksand. You may suddenly find that there is no way to stretch the little time you have left to cover all your obligations .For example, as a beginning student looking ahead to a full term you may feel that you have an oversupply of time on your hands. But toward the end of the term you may panic because time is running out. The answer?

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