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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(9)

2007-09-04 15:41   【 】【我要纠错

  26.An organization is an ongoing entity, and a decision made today may have consequences far into the future.

  an ongoing entity “一个发展中的实体,一个运作中的单位”
  10.take the trouble to : 不辞劳苦,

  用法:take the trouble to

  Some employees have never taken the trouble to find out the actual tasks they will be required to do.有些雇员从来不下工夫去弄清楚要求他们去从事的实际任务。

  11.to turn down : 拒绝

  He asked Jane to marry him but she turned him down . 他要简嫁给他,但她拒绝了他。

  相关词组:

  turn up 出现; turn on 打开;turn off 拐弯,关上;turn out 结果是,最后证明是,制造;

  II.课文解析

  注:课文中「」内的句子为重点句。

  The subject of today's talk is interviews.

  「The key words here are preparation and confidence, which will carry you far.」

  重点句子分析:which 引导非限定性定语从句,修饰preparation and confidence. 注意此处不可用that代替which

  carry you far 意为“祝你成功”

  Do your homework first.

  「Find out all you can about the job you are applying for and the organization you hope to work for.」

  重点句子分析:此句中有三个定语从句,(下边画线的)分别修饰all, the job 和 the organization .

  注意后两句中的 for 不能省略

  Many of the employers I interviewed made the same criticism of candidates. “They hare no idea what the day to day work of the job brings about. They have vague notions of 'furthering the company's prospects' or o f 'serving the community', but have never taken the trouble to find out the actual tasks they will be required to do.”

  Do not let this be said of you. It shows an unattractive indifference to your employer and to your job.

  Take the time to put yourself into the interviewer's place. He wants somebody who is hard-working with a pleasant personality and a real interest in the job.

  「Anything that you find out about the prospective employer can be used to your advantage during the interview to show that you have bothered to master some facts about the people who you hope to work for.」

  重点句子分析:that引导的定语从句修饰anything

  who 引导的定语从句修饰 people.也可以写作for whom you hope to work

  译为“你希望为其工作的人

  to show 是不定式作目的状语,其中有一个that引导的宾语从句,作动词show的宾语

  Write down (and remember) the questions you want to ask the interviewer(s) so that you are not speechless when they invite your questions. Make sure that holidays and pay are not the first things you ask about. If all your questions have been answered during the interview, reply: “In fact, I did have several questions, but you have already answered them all .”

  「Do not be afraid to ask for clarification of something that has been said during the interview if you want to be sure what was implied. but do be polite.」

  重点句子分析:be sure 肯定,确信

  do be polite 是强调语气。例如:Do be careful!

  Just before you go to the interview, look again at the original advertisement that you answered, any correspondence from your prospective employer, photocopies of your letter of application or application form and your resume.

  Then you will remember what you said and what they want. This is very important if you have applied for many jobs in a short time as it is easy to become confused and give an impression of inefficiency.

  Make sure you know where and when you have to report for the interview. Go to the building (but not inside the office) a day or two before, if necessary, to find out how long the journey takes and where exactly the place is.

  Aim to arrive five or ten minutes early for the actual interview, then you will have a little time in hand and you will not panic of you are delayed. You start at a disadvantage if you arrive worried and ten minutes late.

  「Dress in clean, neat, conservative clothes. Now is NOT the time to experiment with the punk look or (girl) to wear low-cut dresses with miniskirts.」Make sure that your shoes, hands and hair (and teeth) are clean and neat.

  重点句子分析:Now 在句中做主语

  the punk look 意为“朋克的样子”

  「Have the letter inviting you for an interview ready to show in case there is any difficulty in communication.」

  重点句子分析:这是个祈使句,inviting you for an interview 是现在分词作定语,修饰the letter

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