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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(113)

2007-09-11 14:09   【 】【我要纠错

  词汇精讲:

  1.symptom : n. 症状,征兆

  Most infections are contagious before any symptoms are noticed.

  大多数传染病在症状被发现之前已具有传染性。

  He recognizes the symptoms, but refuses to admit that he has marital problems.

  他承认这些征兆,但不愿承认自己的婚姻发生了问题。

  2.habitual : a. 习惯性的,习以为常的

  Ice and snow are a habitual sight in the north.冰雪在北方是常见的。

  3.detail: n./ vt. 详情,细节, 详述

  You can get details of nursery schools from the local authority.

  你可向地方当局了解有关托儿所的详细情况。

  We haven‘t yet had a chance to discuss the matter in detail.

  我们还没有机会详细讨论这一问题。

  4.enhance:vt. 提高,加强 (increase , improve)

  The moonlight enhanced the beauty of the scene. 月光更增添了景色的秀美。

  The praise of the teacher enhanced his confidence. 老师的赞赏增强了他的信心。

  5.initial : a. 最初的,开始的

  派生词:initiative n. 创始,首创精神;initiate v. 开始,创始;发起,发动

  My initial surprise was soon replaced by delight. 我最初的惊奇不久便被喜悦替代了。

  6.confront : vt. 使面对,使面临,使遭遇

  The new system was confronted with difficulties at the start. 新体制起初遇到很多困难。

  Pronunciation is just one of the many problems that confront the language learner.

  发音只是学语言的人所面临的诸多问题之一。

  We should confront the difficulties in life instead of trying to escape them.

  我们应该正视生活中的困难,而不是逃避它们。

  7.sensitivity: n. 敏感性,灵敏度

  派生词:sensitive a. 敏感的,灵敏的

  His sensitivity to the current events made us surprised. 他对时事的敏感性使我们感到惊讶。

  8.inner:a./n.内部的,里面的

  反义词:outer a. 外部的,外面的

  The label is on the inner side of the box. 标签位于盒子的内侧。

  If she had inner doubts, it was not apparent to anyone else. 她若心中生疑亦不形之于色。

  9.reflection:n. 反射;映像,倒影

  派生词:reflect v. 反射,反映

  He gave much reflection on the problem but still had no answer.

  他对那个问题思考了很久,但仍未找到答案。

  It took him two years to finish his book “Reflections on the past”

  他用两年时间写完一本书,叫做《往事反思》

  10.creativity: n. 创造力,创造性

  派生词:create v. 创造;creative a. 有创造力的

  11.trace:n. / vt. 跟踪,查找

  Did the police find any trace of the murderer ?。

  警方发现凶手的行踪了吗?。

  The practice of giving eggs at Easter can be traced back to festivals in ancient China.

  复活节送鸡蛋的习俗可以追溯到古代中国的一些节日。

  12.modest:a. 谦虚的,谦恭的;适中的,不过分的

  反义词:immodest a. 傲慢的,不谦虚的,不正派的,下流的

  She is very modest about the prizes she has won. 她对自己得奖非常谦虚。

  His needs are quite modest. 他的需求一点也不过分。(He doesn‘t ask for too much .)

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