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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(116)

2007-09-11 14:12   【 】【我要纠错

  14.句中“picture”后有两个后置定语,一个是held 分词短语,另一个是of what 名词从句。本句意思:“伟大的生活起始于一个人在想象中幻想自己有朝一日能做出什么事业或成为什么人物。”

  Florence Nightingale dreamed of being a nurse. Edison pictured himself an inventor; all such characters escaped the mere push of circumstance by imagining a future so vividly that they headed for it.⒂15.此句中的两个常用词的词性都是动词 picture v. 想象 head v. 前进,前往

  本句意思:“爱迪生把自己想象成一名发明家。所以这些人都如此生动地幻想自己的未来,朝着这个既定方向前进,从而避免了单纯的受环境的推动。”

  “ These are the words of the well-known thinker Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick, and they show that people can literally daydream themselves to success. Fosdick, aware of the wonderful power of positive daydreaming, offered this advice: ”Hold a picture of yourself long and steadily enough in your mind‘s eye, and you will be drawn toward it. ⒃

  16.aware of 部分是形容词词组作原因状语。 引号中的祈使句相当于一个条件状语从句:

  if you hold a picture …

  本句意思:“福斯迪克知道积极的白日梦的神奇作用,提出了如下的意见:”如果你经久地、

  坚定地在你的想像中给自己描绘一个形象,你将会被引往这个形象。你如果把自己生动地幻

  想成一个战败者,单单这一点就能使胜利成为不可能。你要把自己幻想成一个胜利者,这将

  显著地有助你取得成就。你要是什么也不幻想自己,你将像一条被遗弃的船,在大海上四处漂泊。“

  Picture yourself vividly as defeated and that alone will make victory impossible. Picture yourself as winning and that will contribute remarkably to success. Do not picture yourself as anything, and you will drift like an abandoned ship at sea.“

  To get the results, you should picture yourself - as vividly as possible - as you want to be…… The important thing to remember is to picture these desired objectives as if you had already attained them.⒄

  17.本句用了虚拟语气,本句有一个由as if 引导的方式状语从句,在as if 引导的从句中谓语动词经常用虚拟语气形式,表示对过去发生的事情的假设,并非事实,因此用了had + 过去分词的形式。本句意思:“重要的是要记住,你幻想这些期望的目标时就好像你已经实现了他们那样。”

  Go over several times the details of these pictures. This will deeply impress them on your memory, and these memory traces will soon start influencing your everyday behavior toward the attainment of the goal.

  While exercising your imagination, you should be alone and completely undisturbed. Some individuals seem to have the ability to tune into their private selves in the midst of the noisiest crowds or company.⒅

  18.tune 原指“调音,调谐”在这里是比喻用法,意为:“调整,调节”

  本句意思是:“有些人能做到在非常喧闹的人群中调节自己,进入自我。”

  noisy-noisiest(最高级)

  But most of us, especially when the experience is new, require an environment free from outside distraction.

  A life lived without fantasy and daydreaming is a seriously impoverished one. Each of us should put aside a few minutes daily, taking short 10- or 15-minute vacations. Daydreaming is highly beneficial to your physical and mental well-being, and you will find that this modest, inexpensive investment in time will add up to a more creative and imaginative, a more satisfied, and a more self-fulfilled you. ⒆

  19.句中 that 引导宾语从句 .in time “迟早,最后”

  本句意思是:“ 白日做梦对你的身心健康大为有益。你会发现这份小小的花费不多的时间投资最终带来的是一个更有创造性,更富有想像力,更心满意足和更踌躇满志的你。它时时使我们更充分地意识到强烈的活力,这当然会大大有助于我们生活的激奋和欢乐。”

  It offers us a fuller sense of being intensely alive from moment to moment, and this, of course, contributes greatly to the excitement and joy of living.

  Text B To Sleep, Perchance to Dream

  New Words

  1 perchance ad. [古] 1.偶然,意外地;2.可能,或许

  2 miserable a. 悲惨的;可怜的

  3 far-fetched a. 1.牵强的;2.未必会的,靠不住的

  4 veteran n. 1.老兵,老手;2.[美]退伍军人

  a. 老练的;经验丰富的

  5 administration n. 1.管理,经营;2.行政,行政机关

  6 sleepy a. 困倦的,嗜睡的

  7 link n. 环节,联系

  vt. 用环连接;联系

本文转载链接:自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(116)

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