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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(107)

2007-09-11 13:56   【 】【我要纠错

  11.to seize hold of 1.抓住;2.占有

  Text B 重点词汇:

  1.negative :a. 否定的,否认的

  反义词:positive a. 积极的,肯定的,正面的

  We received a negative answer to our request. 我们的请求得到了否定答复。

  She‘s got such a negative attitude that it’s depressing to be with her. 她的态度非常消极,跟她在一起让人感到很沮丧。

  2. remark : v. / n. 说,评论

  派生词:remarkable a. 显著的,明显的

  Many representatives remarked upon the development of China in their speeches. 发言中许多代表都谈到了中国的发展问题。

  The president made no remarks upon this. 总统对此未置可否。

  3. grant : vt./n. 同意,准予

  They granted her an entry visa. / They granted an entry visa to her. 他们同意发给她入境签证。

  take it for granted …。 : 认为…理所当然

  I took it for granted that you would want to see the play, so I bought you a ticket.

  我认为你理所当然想看这个剧,因此给你买了张票。

  4. devotion : n. 献身,忠诚

  派生词:devote v. 献身,投入,奉献

  The teacher‘s devotion to the cause of education is well known. 那位教师对教育事业的献身精神是众所周知的。

  5. relief : n. 减轻,宽慰

  派生词:relieve v. 减轻,缓解

  It was such a relief to hear that Glen had been found safe and well. 听说格仑安然无恙真是让人感到宽慰。

  She breathed a sigh of relief when she found out she had passed her exams. 知道自己通过了考试,她欣慰地舒了一口气。

  6. deprive : vt. 夺去,剥夺;使失去

  No one can function properly if they are deprived of adequate sleep.

  如果缺乏睡眠,没人能正常工作。

  He claimed that they deprived of his freedom. 他声称他们曾剥夺过他的自由权利。

  7. starve : v. 饿死,挨饿;渴望

  They got lost in the desert and starved to death. 他们在沙漠中因迷路而饿死。

  She is lonely, and starving for companionship. 她很寂寞,渴望陪伴。

  8.sustain vt. :支撑,承受住,供养,维持

  We do not have sufficient resources to sustain our campaign for long.

  我们财力不足,无法维持长时间作战

  词组:

  1.to bring out : 使显现,显示;生产

  The sunshine will bring out the blossom. 阳光将使花朵开放。

  A crisis can bring out the best and the worst in people. 危机可以使人的长处和短处显现无遗。

  2.to attach … to : 使… 与…相关,

  I attached a photo to my application form. 我把一张照片贴到申请表上。

  She attaches great value to being financially independent. 她很看重经济方面的独立。

  3.at ease: 自在的,舒适的

  I never fell at ease in his company. 我在他的公司从没有感到轻松舒适。

  4.not that : 并不是说,不是因为

  He didn‘t come to the party yesterday, not that he wouldn’t come, but that he couldn‘t come.

  昨天的聚会他没有来,并非他不愿意,而是因为他不能来。

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