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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(136)

2007-09-11 14:41   【 】【我要纠错

  Phrases and Expressions

  1 to deny sth.to sb. 否认…的…

  2 be subversive of 破坏…的

  3 be incapable of 不会…,不能…

  4 to commit suicide 自杀

  5 to cut off 1.切去,割掉;2.切断,使孤立

  to set aside/to put aside 搁置一旁,留出

  Text B 重点词汇:

  1.illegal :a. 非法的;违规的

  派生词:legal a. 合法的

  e.g. The parents launched a campaign to stop the illegal sale of cigarettes to children under 16.

  父母们发起了一项阻止非法向16岁以下儿童售烟的运动。

  2.ban v. 禁止,取缔;禁令

  e.g. Smoking is banned in this restaurant. 这个餐厅禁止吸烟。

  She was banned from driving for two years. 他被禁止开车两年。

  There should be a ban on talking and eating loudly in cinemas. 电影院里应该禁止大声说话和吃东西。

  3.flee : v. 逃离;逃避

  e.g. Everyone fled (from) the building when the fire alarm sounded. 当火警响起时每个人都向搂外逃去。

  In order to escape capture, he fled to the country. 为了躲避抓捕,他逃到了乡下。

  4.cease : v./n. 停止,结束

  近义词:stop

  e.g. We must cease dumping waste in the sea. 我们必须停止向海洋倾倒垃圾。

  5.extent: n. 广度,范围;程度

  e.g. We don‘t yet know the extent of his injuries. 我们还不知道他受伤的程度。

  People are affected to different extents by what they see on television.

  人们不同程度地受到电视节目的影响。

  词组:phrases

  1.to deny sth. to sb. : 否认…的…

  e.g. They denied the right of making speech to him. 他们剥夺了他的发言权。

  2.be incapable of 不会,不能 be capable of=to be able to

  e.g. She is incapable of such a dreadful thing. 她不会干这种可怕的事。

  3.to cut off : 切去,割掉;切断

  e.g. If this bill is not paid within five days, your gas supply will be cut off. 如果你五天内还不支付的话,你的煤气供应将被停止。

  Living out in the country, she felt very cut off. 住在郊外农村里,她有种与世隔绝的感觉。

  4.to set aside ( to put aside ) 搁置一旁,留出

  e.g. Try and set aside half an hour every day to do some reading. 设法每天留出半小时阅读。

  The seeds of Wrath

  The world knows a great deal about apartheid. It knows it as a repressive political system which denies political representation to 14,000,000 South Africans because they are not white; it knows it as a divisive social system which keeps people apart, dividing them on colour lines and punishing those who try to cross these lines. ⑴But the effects of apartheid in terms of social behaviour and on cultural development are less well known.⑵

  1.It knows it as a repressive political system which denies political representation to 14,000,000 South Africans because they are not white; it knows it as a divisive social system which keeps people apart, dividing them on color lines and punishing those who try to cross these lines. (para.1)

  此句是用分号隔开的两个并列句,第一个it是主语,指代the world, 第二个it是宾语,指代Apartheid, 两句中都有which 引导的定语从句修饰system.

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