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自考“英语(二)”完整讲义(144)

2007-09-11 14:55   【 】【我要纠错

  10.effect 在句中作动词,意思是“实现,进行,产生…的结果”。句中without 后面要用动名词。本句的意思是:我们认为,在不使技术人员丧失任何东西的情况下,计算机技术人员与诗人之间实现某种结合可能更富有成效。

  A genuine purpose may be served by turning loose the wonders of the creative imagination on the kinds of problems being put to electronic technology. (11)

  11.句中“to serve a purpose”满足某一目的;being put to electronic technology 是被动的过去分词短语,作problems 的后置定语。

  本句的意思是:通过在由电子技术解决的问题上充分发挥创造性想像的神奇力量,计算机的真正目的可以实现。

  The company of poets may enable the men who tend the machines to see a wider range of possibilities than technology alone may inspire. (12)

  tend(动词——照料)

  enable……to…

  12.句中宾语“the men”后带有一个who 引导的定语从句。

  诗人的参与能使计算机使用者看到比技术自身所能产生更宽广的应用可能性。

  A poet, said Aristotle, has the advantage of expressing the universal; the specialist expresses only the particular. (13) The poet, moreover, can remind us that man‘s greatest energy comes not from his dynamos but from his dreams. But the quality of a man’s dreams can only be a reflection of his subconscious. What he puts into his subconscious, therefore, is quite literally the most important nourishment in the world.

  the+形容词;the universal 普遍

  13.the universal 和 the particular. 都是 the +形容词,表示一类人或事物。

  全句的大意是:亚里士多德说过,诗人擅长表达普遍,而专家只能表达个别。

  Nothing really happens to a man except as it is registered in the subconscious. This is where event and feeling become memory and where the proof of life is stored. The poet - and we use the term to include all those who have respect for and speak to the human spirit - can help to supply the subconscious with material to enhance its sensitivity, thus safeguarding it. The poet, too, can help to keep man from making himself over in the image of his electronic wonders. For the danger is not so much that man will be controlled by the computer as that he may imitate it.(14)

  unless(除了…以外)

  This is where…/where…(表语从句)

  keep…from(使…不能…)

  not so…as

  14.For 作连词用时,可与上句呼应,承上启下,以提供对上文的因果解释。句中“not so much …as”是比较级的否定形式,进行比较的是两个由that引导的从句,表示的意思是“与其说…不如说…”或“不是…而是…”。

  由于人类被计算机控制的危险固然存在,但人类若模仿计算机改造人类自身,则更可怕。

  The poet reminds men of their uniqueness. It is not necessary to possess the ultimate definition of this uniqueness. Even to speculate on it is a gain. (15)

  15.to speculate on it 是不定式作主语。其中 it 指代上句的uniqueness

  gain

  这种独特性最终如何定义无关紧要,但即使思考一下这个问题也会是得益非浅的。

  Text B Changes to Come in U.S Education

  New Words

  1 infrastructure n. 基础;(社会的,国家的)基础结构(如教育,运输,通讯等设施)

  2 kindergarten n. 幼儿园

  nursery school(面向2~5岁的孩子)

  3 postgraduate a. 大学毕业后的,大学研究院的

  n.研究生

  post(前缀——后)

  pre(前缀——前)

  4 scarce a. 1.[一般用作表语]缺乏的,不足的;2.稀有的,珍贵的

  5 expansion n. 扩张;膨胀

  expand(动词)

  6 enrol(l)ment n. 1.登记,接收,招生;2.招收人数,入学人数

  enroll(动词)

  7 secondary a. 1.第二位的,次要的;2.中等的

  8 upheaval n. 1.胀起,(地壳)的隆起;2.剧变,动乱

  9 bus(s)ing n. 公共汽车接送;[美]用校车接送学生

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