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自考“英语(二)”常考词汇(1)

2007-07-02 15:01   【 】【我要纠错

  第一单元

  1.常考单词:

  goal,objective,accomplish,predict,accompany,implement,tendency,achievement,argue,budget,define,entity

  2. 常考词组:

  in the way,in part,point of view,contribute to,to apply for,in hand,to turn down

  3. 常考句子:

  1) A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that are available.

  2) Often managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as little as possible to chance.

  3) If there is no choice,there is no decision to be made.

  4) For managers every decision has constraints based on politics,procedures,laws,precedents and the like.

  5) For example,managers sometimes treat problems in an either/or fashion.

  6) Decision makers must have some way of determining which of several alternatives is best - that is,which contributes the most to the achievement of organizational goals.

  7) In the larger scheme of things,however,increased funding for research to improve the products might be more beneficial to the organization.

  8) Some of these objectives are more important than others,but the order and degree of importance often vary form person to person and from department to department.

  第二单元

  1.常考单词:

  escape,explode,collapse,shrink,gravity,measurement,basis,launch,convincing,companion,speculation,swallow,operate,to make use of,a great many,above all

  2. 常考句子:

  1) Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is a region of space into which matter has fallen and from which nothing can escape.

  2) The theory is that some stars explode when their density increases to a particular point.

  3) Some people think that the Start of Bethlehem could have been a supernova.

  4) If a man fell into a black hole,he would think that he reached the center of it very quickly.

  5) It is only recently that astronomers have begun specific research into black holes.

  6) On the other hand,scientists have suggested that every advanced technology could one day make use of the energy of black holes for mankind.

  第三单元

  1.常考单词:

  weaken deteriorate debate legal request criterion ensure oppose tradition consideration disabled burden vulnerable prohibition sensitive

  2. 常考词组:

  to debate on  to make request for  be opposed to  to take … into account

  3. 常考句子:

  1) Affected with a serious disease,van Wendal was no longer able to speak clearly and he knew there was no hope of recovery and that his condition was rapidly deteriorating.

  2) Van Wendel's last three months of life before being given a final,lethal injection by his doctor were filmed and first shown on television last year in the Netherlands.

  3) The programme has since been bought by 20 countries and each time it is shown,it starts a nationwide debate on the subject.

  4) What those people who oppose euthanasia are telling me is that dying people haven't the right.

  第四单元

  1.常考单词:

  demestic  statistics diplomat  exploit  campaign  execute  convict  despite  deserving  shelf minimum  status deport

  2. 常考句子:

  1) There are estimated to be more than 20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Britain.

  2) Of these 20,000,just under 2,000 are being exploited and abused by their employers.

  3) The sad condition of women working as domestics around the world received much media attention earlier this year in several highly publicized cases.

  4) A Filipino maid was executed in Singapore after being convicted of murder,despite protests form various quarters that her guilt had not been adequately established.

  5) She used to work for a very low wage at a tea factory in Sri Lanka.

  6) Because she found it difficult to feed her four children,she accepted a job working as a domestic in London.

  7) So if they do complain,they risk being deported.

  第五单元

  1.常考单词:

  Musician  rhythmic  distinct  consciousness originate  readily  instrument  electronic  thereby  passive   participant

  2. 常考词组:

  to take place  to take over  to take on  in a sense  at a stretch  to serve as  in advance  for the sake of

  3. 常考句子:

  1) The new music was built out of materials already in existence.

  2) Folk music,old and modern,was popular among college students.

  3) They freely took over elements form jazz,from American country music.

  4) With records at home,listeners imitated these lighting effects as best they could.

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