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06年10月自考“英语(二)”串讲资料(5)

2007-07-02 13:35   【 】【我要纠错

  3.虚拟语气强化练习

  1. If it hadn't been for your help,we would have been (be) in real trouble.

  解析:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句

  2. He would have given you more help,if he had not been (not be) so busy.

  解析:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句

  3. It is high time that we took (take) firm measures to protect our environment.

  解析:It is high time +过去式的虚拟形式

  4. It was imperative that students finish (finish) their papers before July 1st.

  解析:It was imperative that+动词原形的虚拟形式

  5. They demanded that the right to vote be given (give) to every adult person.

  解析:demand所接宾语从句用动词原形的虚拟形式

  6. There was a mistake on my paycheck. I should have received (receive) $10 more.

  解析:与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句,表示“本应该收到”而实际上没有。

  7. I would rather he bought ( buy) the house next year.

  解析:would rather后接宾语从句,从句用过去式表示虚拟语气。

  8. The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we had met (meet)them before.

  解析:as if 所引导的从句用过去完成式表示虚拟语气。

  9. Should she come tomorrow,I _________ take her to the museum.  × 正确答案为C

  [A] can

  [B] will

  [C] would

  [D] must

  解析:与将来事实相反的虚拟语气的主句。

  10. If we _________ everything ready by now,we should be having a terrible time tomorrow.  正确答案为A

  [A] hadn't got

  [B] didn't get

  [C] wouldn't have got

  [D] wouldn't get

  解析:从句与现在事实相反,但本身已经是现在完成时(从by now可以看出),所以变为过

  去完成时。

  4.定语从句和名词性从句强化练习

  1. Studies have shown _________ teenagers often suffer from depression.  正确答案为A

  解析:that 引导宾语从句

  [A] that

  [B] which

  [C] in which

  [D] in that

  2. It is a well-known fact _________ a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes to control his direction.    正确答案为A

  [A] that

  [B] if

  [C] when

  [D] whether

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  3. On the other hand concern is also growing about the possibility of a new economic order_________ resource-rich nations of the Third World would combine to set high commodity prices.    正确答案为C

  [A] which

  [B] what

  [C] that

  [D] in that

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  4. It is not yet known _________ computers will one day have vision as good as human vision.

  正确答案为A

  [A] whether

  [B] if

  [C] that

  [D] how

  解析:it为形式主语,whether引导真正的主语从句

  5. Such attitudes amount to a belief _________ leisure can and should be put to good use.  正确答案为D

  [A] which

  [B] if

  [C] whether

  [D] that

  解析:that 引导同位语从句

  6. The reason for making a decision is _________ a problem exists,goals are wrong,or something is standing in the way of accomplishing them.   正确答案为D

  [A] why

  [B] because

  [C] where

  [D] that

  解析:that 引导表语从句

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