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2007-03-06 15:42   【 】【我要纠错




  I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point for each item)


  The neighbors do not consider him quite as most evenings he awakens them with his drunken singing.

  A .respectful B. respecting

  C. respectable D. respective

  Most Arab countries have a six-day workweek from Saturday through Thursday. When ____ with the Monday to Friday Practice in most western countries, it leaves only four workdays shared.

  A. associated B. matched

  C. satisfied D. connected

  3.________, the worse I seem to feel.

  when I take some at some

  the more medicine I take

  taking more of the medicine

  the more medicine taken

  4. I don't know how to get Susan to give up smoking, but I'm going to do it_______.

  in any case B. in no case

  C. by some means D. by no means

  5. Human beings _______a lot to the birds and beasts who eat insects.

  A .oblige B. owe

  C. thank D. gratitude

  6. _____, he is a healthy, however.

  A .though old as he

  B. though he is as old

  C. old as he is

  old though he is

  7. Many graduates of four year colleges are finding that an MBA degree is not a ______for a good job.





  8. No sooner _______his room when the telephone rang.

  did he enter

  he had entered

  had he entered

  he has entered

  9. The villages wanted very much to have a cinema_____ in this area.

  to be built



  D.be built

  10. I wish I _______my research paper yesterday. But I was too late.

  had finished to write

  could have finished writing

  could have finished to write

  might finish writing

  II. Cloze Test (10 points, l point for each item)


  Dear Sir,

  I was thrilled___11__read your advertisement for a sales representative in the“Dolmeth Advertiser”, because I can state quite truthfully that it has always been my ambition to work for your firm, which has__12_justifiably high international reputation for the quality of its products.

  I was educated at Barmouth Grammar School, which I left in 1984. My schoolmasters all spoke very highly___13__my work, and I was always considered the bright boy of my class.

  I trained for six months__14__a sales representative with Edgeley Brothers, but I left because their old-fashioned selling methods irked me. I had always be interested in the techniques of seeling__15_, as my father says, could“sell a refrigerator to an Eskimo.”

  __16_the way, I won second prize for art in my first year at Barmouth Grammar.

  I should expect a fairly high salary, but I should arrange that with you at the interview. I always believe__17__the workman is worthy of his hire, don't you?

  My referees are two of the__18__respected residence in the district. Their honesty is beyond dispute.

  The first is our vicar, Mr. Brown. You may have seen him__19__television on “Late Call”, or on one of his TV appearances. His address is The Vicarage, Barmouth and Norfolk.

  My other referee is my scoutmaster, Mr. W. Johnson of 42, Lynmouth Crescent, Barmouth, Norfolk. He has known me almost all my life. I have often been at scout camps with him, where my knowledge of woodcraft proved of great value. And I'm sure that if I am given the__20__you will never regret it, and I look forward confidently to the interview.

  11. A. to B. at C. of D. with

  12. A. a B. an C. many D. much

  13. A. of B. in C. about D. at

  14. A. to B. of C. as D. for

  15. A. and B.but C. as D. then

  16. A. in B.by C. of D. on

  17. A. that B. which C. what D. where

  18. A. least B. best C. most D. high

  19. A. in B. at C. on D. over

  20. A. job B. task C. assignment D. money

  III. Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)


  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  Alcohol affects the brain; and its immediate effects are more marked on those who are not used to the drug than on regular drinkers. It is not a stimulant but a depressant, which adversely affects concentration, removes inhabitations, and increases the risk of accidents. Under the influence of alcohol people are less able to exercise self-control and may say and do things that they afterwards regret——perhaps for the rest of their lives. For example, a girl who does not wish to have a baby may be made pregnant by a man whom she would not have chosen as the farther of her child; and a man may make pregnant a woman whom he would not have chosen as the mother of his child. Some other forms of drug taking, like drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco, are part of group behavior. Such drug taking is encouraged by those who are already addicted to the drug, and by those who profit by making and selling the drug.

  I mean one who starts taking a drug may soon become addicted to it. As with all bad habits, it is better not to start drug taking than to suffer the physical and emotional harm caused by the drug and to have the problem of trying to break the addiction. It is best, therefore, to refuse the drugs that is offered. Apart from other considerations, drugs that come from unreliable sources (because their manufacturer and distribution is against the law.) and not available in carefully measured and doses and their purity are not guaranteed. Their effects are unpredictable and they may well be dangerous. If such drugs are offered by so-called friends you wouldn't be well advised to find new friends, who share your values, and to continue being yourself.

  21. Regular drinkers of alcohol are those who_______

  are not used to the drug

  many get immediate effects from the drink

  sufferer a lot from the drink

  drink the drug very often

  22. Under the influence of alcohol, people____________.

  are able to concentrate themselves

  are able to exercise self control

  are afraid of taking the risk of accidents

  may see and do things that they afterwards regret

  23. The girl in the passage_________

  is made pregnant by a man she doesn't like

  wishes to marry the man who is her baby's farther

  does not really like the man to marry her

  does not have a baby

  24. According to the author, we you are offered a drug, you'd better____

  refuse it

  take it from reliable sources

  accept it and soon become addicted to it

  start drug taking

  25. Drugs that come from unreliable sources__________

  are illegal

  are not available in measured doses

  are encouraged to take

  are manufactured abroad

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

  Everybody gets sick. Disease and injury make us suffer throughout our lives until, finally, some attack on the body brings our existence to an end. Fortunately, most of us in modern industrialized societies can take relatively good health for granted most of the time. In fact, we tend to fully realize the importance of good health only when we or those close to us become seriously ill. At such times we keenly appreciate the ancient truth that health is our most precious asset, one for which we might readily give up such rewards as power, wealth, or fame(荣誉)。

  Because ill health is a universal problem, affecting both the individual and society, the human response to sickness in always socially organized. No society leaves the responsibility for maintaining health and treating ill health entirely to the individual. Each society develops its own concepts of health and sickness and authorizes certain people to decide who is sick and how the sick should be treated. Around this focus there arises, over time, a number of standard, values, groups, statuses, and roles: in other words, an institution(体系,机构)。 To the sociologist(社会学家), then, medicine is the institution concerned with the maintenance of health and the treatment of disease.

  In the simple pre-industrial societies, medicine is usually an aspect of religion. The social arrangements for dealing with sickness are very elementary, often involving only two roles: the sick and the healer(治疗者)。 The later is typically also the priest(牧师), who relies primarily on religious ceremonies, both to identify and to treat disease: For example, bones may be thrown to establish a cause, songs may be used to bring about a cure. In modern industrialized societies, on the other hand, the institution has become highly complicated and specialized, including dozens of roles such as those of brain surgeon, druggist, hospital administrator, linked with organizations such as nursing houses, insurance companies, and medical schools. Medicine, in fact, has become the subject of intense sociological interest precisely because it is now one of the most pervasive and costly institutions of modern society.

  26. Which of the following statements is true according to Paragraph 1?

  A、Nowadays most people believe

  B、Human life involves a great deal of pain and suffering.

  C、most of us are aware of the full value of health

  D、ancient people believed that health was more expensive than anything else.

  27. The word “authorize” in paragraph 2 means “______”。

  A、make way for

  B、give power to

  C、write an order for

  D、make it possible for

  28. In paragraph 2, we learn that the sociologist regards medicine as ______.

  A、a system whose purpose is to treat disease and keep people healthy

  B、a universal problem that affects every society

  C、a social responsibility to treat ill health

  D、a science that focuses on the treatment of disease

  29. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following is NOT true?

  A、In the past, bones might be used to decide why people fell ill

  B、In pre-industrial societies priests sometimes treated patients by singing

  C、Modern medicine is so complicated that sociology no longer has a place in it.

  D、there were only two roles in an elementary medical system, the patient and the one who tried to cure them.

  30. The author of this passage is mainly concerned with ______.

  A、sociological aspects in medicine

  B、medical treatment of diseases

  C、the development of medical science

  D、the role of religion in medicine

  Passage three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage

  Let's look at another example of how people's communication patterns differ: the way people conserve. Some foreigners have observed that when Americans carry on a conversation, it seems as if they are having a Ping-Pong game. One person has the ball and then hits it to the other side of the table. The other player hits the ball back and the game continues. If one person doesn't return the ball, then the conversation stops. Each part of the conversation follows this pattern: the greeting and the opening, the discussion of a topic, and the closing and farewell. If either person talks too much, the other may become impatient and feel that he is dominating the conversation. Similarly, if one person doesn't say enough or ask enough questions to keep the conversation going, the conversation stops.

  Many North Americans are impatient with culturally different conversation styles simply because the styles are unfamiliar. For example, to many North Americans, it seems that some Latin Americans dominate conversations, or hold the ball too long. Speaking of her co-workers from several Latin American countries, one North Americans woman said,“ I just find it difficult to cut in. they seem to take such a long time to express themselves. They give you a lot of unnecessary details.” when she talked with them, she became tense, because she found it so hard to participate. Yet she also noted that when they talked to each other, nobody seemed uncomfortable or left out.

  The North American woman didn't know how to interrupt the Latin American conversations because North American ways of listening and breaking in are very different. She had been taught to listen politely until the other person had finished talking. (once again, there are gender(性别)difference; it has been observed that men tend to interrupt women more than women interrupt men.)when the North American woman did what was “natural” or “normal” for her(i. e., listen politely without interrupting), she was not comfortable in the conversation with the Latin Americans. The result was that she became more passive in her conversations with her co-workers. The differences between the unspoken rules of conversation of each cultural group interfered with their on-the-job relationship.

  31. When North Americans converse together, each one of the group is supposed to _______.

  A. participate in the talk

  B. play Ping-Pang games

  C. interrupt the speaker

  D. dominate the conversation

  32. When North Americans converse with the Latin Americans, the North Americans would feel _______.

  A. involved

  B. left out

  C. comfortable

  D. relaxed

  33. To the North Americans, the Latin Americans are __________.

  A. polite

  B. communicative

  C. dominant

  D. familiar

  34. We can infer from this passage that ____________.

  A. people from different cultures cannot communicate with each other.

  B. different conversational styles may affect people's relationships

  C. men are more talkative than women

  D. North Americans' conversational habits are better than those of Latin Americans'

  35. The best title for this passage is ________.

  A. Different Conversation Styles

  B. Different Conversation Topics

  C. Different Conversation Processes

  D. Different Conversation Effects


  IV. Word Spelling (10 points, 1 point for two items)


  36.易受伤的,弱小的 a. v_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  37.火山n. v______

  38.宇宙的,普遍的a. u________

  39.实现;完成;履行vt. i________

  40.提名,任命n. n_________

  41.(被)拉长v. s______

  42.胃,胃口n. s ______

  43.目的地;终点n. d__________

  44.预算n. b_____

  45.买,购买vt. p_______

  46.禁止,不准vt. p_______

  47.最适宜的,最理想的a. o_____

  48.打翻,推翻vt. o_______

  49.暴行,愤慨vt. o______

  50.核子的,核心的a. n______

  51.老兵,老手n. v______

  52.而且,此外ad. m_______

  53.弥漫的,渗透的,遍布的a. P________

  54.忽视,忽略 v.n______

  55.简化vt. s_______

  V. Word Form (10 points, 1 point for each item)


  56. Clinton won in the states that gave him an overwhelming 370 electoral votes, _______ (compare) with 168 for Bush and none for Perot.

  57. I used a computer or it _______ (take) me much longer to finish the work.

  58. The robots used in nuclear power plants handled the radioactive materials, preventing human personnel from ________ (expose) to radiation.

  59. A person with an appreciation of art and literature is _______ (quality) for the job.

  60. These _________ (electricity) appliances are all identical in construction, but each one is special in its function.

  61. He wishes to write another letter which will clear up all the _________ (misunderstanding)

  62. The traditionalist type of composer treats a well-established pattern in a _______ (create) and

  63. It goes without _____ (say) that healthy men are happier than sick men.

  64. Once wasting time becomes your habit, you will continue ________ (waste) more time.

  65. If you look up tonight, you will see that the stars shine brightly in the _________ (cloud) sky.

  VI. Translation from Chinese into English (15 points, 3 points for each item)


  66. 新开发的机器人有触觉,可以看见物体,还能做决定。


  68.这件商品的价格与它的价值很不相称。(out of proportion to)



  VII. Translation from English into Chinese (15 points)


  More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third-floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half. Therefore drivers or front passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt.

  However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicle; or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have valid medical certificate which excuse you from wearing it. Make sure these circumstances apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.


  I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point for each item)


  1. C

  Respectful意为“尊敬别人的,恭敬的”;respectable 意为“可敬的,值得尊敬的”;respecting为介词,意为“关于”;respective 意为“各自的,各个的”。

  2. B

  Match……with 把……与……相配,匹配,这里意思为“当与……相比较时”;associate……with意思为“与……联合”;be satisfied with意思为“对……满意”;connect with意思为“与……联系”。

  3. B

  比较级的一种形式为:the +比较级…the +比较级,意为:越…,越…。例如:the more you study, the smarter指 you will become.

  4. C

  In any case (无论如何)只用于否定句中;in no case 和by no means 语义都为“决不”,与句义不符。

  5. B


  6. C

  这是一个让步状语从句,将表语old置于句首,用连词as, 而不用though, 属部分倒装形式。

  7. B

  Guarantee保证;proof 证明;certificate证书;evidence证据

  8. C

  No sooner 后接过去完成式的谓语部分,而且no sooner置于句首,需要倒装。

  9. C

  “have+名词+动词过去分词”等于“cause sb to do sth”使某人做某事

  10. B

  could have done 表示过去能够做,但是实际没有做;finish后跟动名词

  II. Cloze Test (10 points, l point for each item)


  11. A

  Thrilled 是一个由动词过去分词充当的形容词,在句子中作表语。答案A中to与后面的read构成不定式,充当表语补足语。其他三个介词都需要名词或者动名词做宾语。

  12. A

  这里a修饰后面的中心词reputation.这里has a justifiably high international reputation,“拥有相当高的国际赞誉”。

  13. A

  固定词组。Speak highly of 赞扬。

  14. C

  As a sales representative 作为销售代表。其他三个介词都不能搭配。

  15. A

  在原文中,as my father says 是一个插入语。这个句子是一个并列结构,I had always be interested in 这是一部分谓语,后面的could “sell a refrigerator to an Eskimo是另一部分动宾结构。而原文又不是转折结构,所以选择A.

  16. B


  By the way, 顺便提一下,顺便提及。

  17. A

  分析believe后面的句子结构,是一个完整的句子。The workman is worthy of his hire.不缺少成分。在整个句子中,充当believe的宾语从句。所以选择that.其他三个词在句子中都要充当句子的成分。所以不能选择。

  18. C

  这里是选择最高级形式。所以采用the most respected.我的证明人是本区最受人敬重的两位居民。

  19. C

  in 在……里;on在……上。与television 搭配,因为是在屏幕上,所以选择on. 如果是in the book 则是在内部。

  20. A

  Job 工作;task任务;assignment和task 含义很相近,可以做任务也可以是作业。


  III. Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)


  21. D


  22. D



  23. A


  24. A


  25. B



  26. B

  判断题。 我们可以把所给的4个句子逐一与短文第一段进行对照。A与第3句内容不符;B与第1、2句的内容相符;C与第4句的内容不符;D与第5句的内容不符。


  27. B



  28. A

  依据短文第2段第5句内容,译文:对于社会学家来说, 药是保持人们身体健康和治疗疾病的体系。

  29. C


  30. A


  31. A


  32. B


  33. C


  34. B


  35. A


  IV. Word Spelling (10 points, 1 point for two items)


  36. Vulnerable

  37. Volcano

  38. Universal

  39. Implement

  40. Nomination

  41. Stretch

  42. Stomach

  43. Destination

  44. Budget

  45. Purchase

  46. Prohibit

  47. Optimal

  48. Overturn

  49. Outrage

  50. Nuclear

  51. Veteran

  52. Moreover

  53. Pervasive

  54. Neglect

  55. Simplify

  V. Word Form (10 points, 1 point for each item)


  56. Compared

  57. Would have taken

  58. Being exposed

  59. Qualified

  60. Electric

  61. Misunderstandings

  62. Spent

  63. Saying

  64. Wasting

  65. Cloudy

  VI. Translation from Chinese into English (15 points, 3 points for each item)


  66. The newly-developed robots have a sense of touch, are able to see objects, and can make decisions too.

  67. So far as I know, the majority of the population are laborers.

  68.The price of the article is out of proportion to its value.

  69. The robots used in nuclear power plants can prevent human personnel from being exposed to radiation.

  70. The effects of rapid travel on the body are actually far more serious than we realize.

  VII. Translation from English into Chinese (15 points)



  然而,倒车时可以不系安全带;当你的使用专用汽车在当地送货或者收垃圾时或者你有有效的医疗证明能够使你免于系安全带时,也可以不必系安全带。在你决定不系安全带之前,一定要搞清这些情形适用于你。否则你就可能因此而上法庭。如果你不能向法庭证明你可以免系安全带, 你就会被罚款。


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